Navigation path

Login   |   Register

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

744447 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50   Personalities: Robert Schuman  
© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in






Related videos

00:53 Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:55 Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Date: 04/05/2012
01:02 Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Date: 04/05/2012
More videos

Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Wed 12/04
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: The Prime Minister of Estonia, Jüri Ratas, together with Members of his Government, will pay a visit to the European Commission on Wednesday 3 May 2017. After a bilateral meeting between European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Mr Ratas, the Commission Members and...
Fri 28/04
- Press release European Commission Brussels, 28 April 2017 European Commission approves disbursement of EUR 23 million in assistance to Georgia The European Commission, on behalf of the EU, has today approved the disbursement of the second tranche of EUR 23 million under its Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) to Georgia.
Tue 28/03
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: On Thursday 27 April 2017, the European Commission will adopt its monthly infringements package. These decisions seek to enforce EU law across Europe so that citizens and businesses can benefit fully from the internal market.
Thu 27/04
European - Press release Commission Brussels, 27 April 2017 Negotiators of the Council and the European Parliament have yesterday night reached an agreement on the new security of gas supply regulation which aims at preventing gas supply crises.
Thu 27/04
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 27 April 2017 The European Commission today presented the results of a Special Eurobarometer survey on EU citizens' views on development, cooperation and aid The survey is based on fieldwork in the 28 EU Member States performed in November-December 2016.
Thu 27/04
European - Press release Commission Brussels, 27 April 2017 Commission welcomes European Parliament vote on new EU reform support programme The European Commission welcomes today's European Parliament vote to greenlight the Structural Reform Support Programme, a new EU programme to provide technical support to Member States.
Thu 27/04
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 27 April 2017 The European Commission has adopted a new Action Plan to improve the protection of nature and biodiversity in the EU, for the benefit of its citizens and the economy.
Thu 27/04
European - Press release Commission Brussels, 27 April 2017 The 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage will be an opportunity to highlight the role of Europe's cultural heritage in fostering a shared sense of history and identity.
Thu 27/04
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 27 April 2017 The European Commission published today the Urban Water Atlas for Europe. The publication – the first of its kind – shows how different water management choices, as well as other factors such as waste management, climate change and even our food...
Thu 27/04
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 27 April 2017 The European Commission has decided to refer Italy to the Court of Justice of the EU for failing to apply the national excise duty rate on petrol and diesel purchased by motorists resident in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region.

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2017