Navigation path

Login   |   Register

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

669222 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in



Related videos

9 Results
 1  of  1 
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Date: 04/05/2012
00:53 Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
00:55 Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Date: 04/05/2012
9 Results
 1  of  1 
Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Fri 16/09
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: On Thursday 29 September 2016, the European Commission will adopt its monthly infringements package. These decisions seek to enforce EU law across Europe so that citizens and businesses can benefit fully from the internal market.
Fri 23/09
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: More than 750 European researchers, investors and policy makers will gather in Bratislava, Slovakia, on 28 and 29 September for the 2016 Digital Assembly (#DA16eu) to discuss the creation of a Digital Single Market in the EU.
Fri 16/09
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: The Assembly of the UN's International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is meeting in Montreal to agree on a Global Market Based Mechanism to curb CO2 emissions from international aviation. This would be the first global sectorial agreement.
Mon 26/09
- Press release European Commission Brussels, 26 September 2016 Mr Gerard Kiely has been appointed as the new Head of the Commission Representation in Dublin. Mr Gerard Kiely will take up office as the new Head of the European Commission's Representation in Ireland on 1 October 2016.
Mon 26/09
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 26 / 09 / 2016 Brussels, 26 September 2016 Commissioner Stylianides in Turkey to launch largest-ever EU humanitarian aid programme Today Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides is in Ankara to launch the EU's flagship humanitarian aid programme, which is...
Mon 26/09
European Commission - Speech - [Check Against Delivery] Berlin, 26 September 2016   Thank you, Minister Maas, for your welcoming words.   Ladies and Gentlemen,   Let me begin by expressing my appreciation for Minister Maas and the leadership role Germany has taken in tackling hatred online.
Mon 26/09
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 26 September 2016 With over 1.2 billion nights spent during their trips all over the world in 2014, tourists aged 65 or over (hereafter "older tourists") living in the European Union (EU) accounted for 20% of the tourism activity (in terms of number of nights...
Mon 26/09
European Commission - Fact Sheet Brussels, 25 September 2016 EU-Swiss relations Switzerland is a very close neighbour of the EU – geographically, politically, economically and culturally. It is the EU's third largest economic partner (trade in goods and services taken together), after the US and China, ahead of Russia and...
Fri 23/09
European Commission - Commissioners' weekly activities Brussels, 23 September 2016 (Susceptible de modifications en cours de semaine) Déplacements et visites Lundi 26 septembre Informal meeting of defence ministers (until 27/09), in Bratislava. President Jean-Claude Juncker receives Mr Torsten Albig, Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Fri 23/09
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 23 September 2016 On 24th September, representatives of 182 countries and the EU will gather at the 17th Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Trade in Endangered Species (CITES CoP17) in Johannesburg, South Africa to agree tangible measures to better protect...

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2016