4e Forum européen des droits de l'enfant: extraits des discours d'ouverture de Jacques Barrot et Benita Ferrero-Waldner
The 4th Meeting of the European Forum on the Rights of the Child addressed a severe topic: Child Labour. The Forum focused on how to effectively address child labour using instruments the EU has at its disposal. Within the main theme of child labour, the Forum specifically focused on social protection and corporate social responsibility
Even though there has been a gradual decline in child labour, this problem has a global character and no region is free of it.
According to ILO (ILO, The end of child labour: Within Reach, Geneva 2006 estimates, some 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working, approximately 120 million of them are working full -time, and estimated 126 million are involved in hazardous work. Boys continue to be more exposed to child labour, particularly work of a hazardous nature, than girls. The difference becomes more pronounced with increasing age.
The indicator for employment by sector breaks down employment into three broad groupings of economic activity: agriculture, industry and services.
The problem of child labour is not confined to the developing world, it exists everywhere, also in Europe. In many cases, child labour in Europe is less visible than in other parts of the world.
In Europe, as in other parts of the world, there is not only the problem of child labour as it is defined by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and ILO Convention. In Europe and in the world exploitation of children includes commercial sexual exploitation, slavery and similar practices, exploiting children for illicit activities, child trafficking, begging and exploitation of street children, and employment of children under hazardous conditions. LISTE DES PLANS