The French political and economic adviser Jean Monnet dedicated himself to thecause of European integration. He was the inspiration behind the ‘Schuman Plan’,which foresaw the merger of west European heavy industry. Monnet was from the Cognac region of France. When he left school at 16 hetravelled internationally as a cognac dealer, later also as a banker. During bothworld wars he held high-level positions relating to the coordination of industrialproduction in France and the United Kingdom. As a top adviser to the French government he was the main inspiration behind thefamous ‘Schuman Declaration’ of 9 May 1950, which led to the creation of theEuropean Coal and Steel Community and, as such, is considered to be the birth ofthe European Union. Between 1952 and 1955 he was the first president of its executive body.
Type: Clip Reference: I-072670 Date: 04/05/2012 Duration: 00:47 Personalities:Monnet, Jean