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Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon

On 13 December 2007, the Treaty of Lisbon was signed by the the 27 Member States. The treaty should enter into force from January 2009. Concretely, the EP's power will be increased: it will have a role to play in almost all lawmaking; it should approve the multiannual financial framework, it will fix expenditure on a level with the Council. Also, the Treaty of Lisbon recognises and strengthens the role of national parliaments, which will have greater opportunities to be involved in the work of the EU. National parliaments and citizens will now be able to see which decisions have been taken by which national ministers in the Council, since all its deliberations on legislative matters will be made public. Through the citizens' initiative, citizens will be able to take part in the political process of the EU. The treaty also introduces three categories of powers shared between the union and its member states. Certain institutions will be slightly changed: in the EP, the number of MEPs is capped at 751 (750 plus the president of the parliament). Seats will be distributed among countries according to "degressive proportionality. No country may now have less than 6 or more than 96 MEPs. In the European Council, the position of president will be added. Elected by the European Council for 2 and a half years, the main job of the president will be to prepare the Council's work, ensure its continuity and work to secure consensus among member countries. As for the European Commission, the new treaty reduces the number of Commissioners - from 2014, only two thirds of member countries will have a Commissioner (e.g. with 27 countries, there would be 18 Commissioners), but the posts will rotate between all countries. The number of Commissioners can also be changed by the European Council (by unanimous vote). There will be a direct link between the results of the European elections and the choice of candidate for president of the Commission. The president will also be stronger, as he/she will have the power to dismiss fellow Commissioners. The creation of the post of EU high representative for foreign and security policy is one of the major institutional innovations introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon. It should ensure consistency in the EU's dealings with foreign countries and international bodies. The high representative will have a dual role: representing the Council on common foreign and security policy matters and also being Commissioner for external relations. Conducting both common foreign policy and common defence policy, he/she will chair the periodic meetings of member countries' foreign ministers (the "foreign affairs Council"). And he/she will represent the EU's common foreign and security policy internationally, assisted by a new European external action service, composed of officials from the Council, Commission and national diplomatic services.
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, at the podium
Ref: P-013375 /00-01
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon General view
Ref: P-013375 /00-02
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon José Sócrates, Portuguese Prime Minister and President in Office of ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-03
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Hans-Gert Pöttering, President of the EP, at the podium
Ref: P-013375 /00-04
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Signature by Portugal by José Sócrates, Portuguese Prime Minister and ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-05
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Handshake between José Sócrates, Portuguese Prime Minister and ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-06
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Group photo
Ref: P-013375 /00-07
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Conversation between José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, and ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-08
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Part of the group photo
Ref: P-013375 /00-09
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Jan Peter Balkenende, Dutch Prime Minister, Angela Merkel, German ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-10
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, at the podium
Ref: P-013375 /00-11
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, at the podium
Ref: P-013375 /00-12
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Handshake between José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, and José ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-13
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon Part of the group photo
Ref: P-013375 /00-14
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, at the podium
Ref: P-013375 /00-15
Date: 13/12/2007
Signature of the Treaty of Lisbon 1st row, from left to right: Tassos Papadopoulos, President of Cyprus, ...
Ref: P-013375 /00-16
Date: 13/12/2007
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