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25 March 2017:

60th anniversary of the signature of the Treaties of Rome

March 25, 2017 marks the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome. On 25 March 1957, two treaties were signed in Rome that gave birth to the European Economic Community (EEC) and to European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom): the Treaties of Rome.
The establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which came into being in July 1952, was the first great achievement of the supranational Europe. For the first time, the six Member States of this organisation surrendered part of their national sovereignty, albeit in a limited field, to the Community.
The limitations of this first attempt at integration were quickly revealed with the failure of the European Defence Community (EDC) in 1954.
While it might have been feared that the effort undertaken by the ECSC would not bear fruit, the Messina Conference of June 1955 attempted to relaunch the European process. The Conference was followed by a series of other meetings of ministers and experts. A preparatory committee was set up at the beginning of 1956 with the task of preparing a report on the creation of a European common market. This committee met in Brussels and was chaired by P.H. Spaak, the Belgian Foreign Minister at the time. In April 1956, the committee proposed a set of two projects which corresponded to the two options chosen by the States:
. the creation of a generalised common market;
. the creation of an atomic energy community.
Following unproblematic ratification in the various countries, the two treaties entered into force on 1 January 1958.

Learn more about the EEC Treaty and the Euratom Treaty


 25 mars 1957: Signing of the Treaty of Rome: Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Minister for Foreign Affairs; Jean-Charles Snoy et d'Oppuers, Head of the Belgian delegation at the Intergovernmental Conference; Christian Pineau, French Minister for Foreign Affairs; Maurice Faure, French Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Konrad Adenauer, German Federal Chancellor; Walter Hallstein, Secretary of State at the German Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs; Antonio Segni, Italian Prime Minister; Gaetano Martino, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs; Joseph Bech, President of the Government of Luxembourg and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Wine Growing; Joseph Luns, Dutch Minister for Foreign Affairs; Johannes Linthorst Homan, head of the Dutch delegation at the Intergovernmental Conference (from left to right) 25 mars 1957: Signing of the Treaty of Rome: Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Minister...
Ref: P-001321 /00-05
Date: 25/03/1957
 Paul-Henri Spaak, on the left, and Joseph Bech, wearing a hat on their arrival at Ciampino Airport© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Paul-Henri Spaak, on the left, and Joseph Bech, wearing a hat on their arrival...
Ref: P-031044 /00-01
Date: 24/03/1957
 Umberto Tupini, mayor of Rome, reading an address to the delegates of six west European Nations, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium,The Netherlands and Luxembourg, who met in Rome's ancient city hall, and signed the Common Market Treaties© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Umberto Tupini, mayor of Rome, reading an address to the delegates of six west...
Ref: P-031044 /00-02
Date: 25/03/1957
 General high up view of the crowd gathered outside the city hall of Rome during the signing ceremony© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised General high up view of the crowd gathered outside the city hall of Rome during...
Ref: P-031044 /00-03
Date: 25/03/1957
 General high up view of delegates from the six European Nations seated during the signing ceremony:In the front row from left to right, the signatories, for Belgium, Paul-Henri Spaak, Jean-Charles Snoy et d’Oppuers, for France, Christian Pineau, Maurice Faure, for Germany, Konrad Adenauer, Walter Hallstein, for Italy, Antonio Segni et Gaetano Martino,  for Luxembourg, Joseph Bech, Lambert Schaus, and for the Netherlands, Joseph Luns and Johannes Linthorst-Homan© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised General high up view of delegates from the six European Nations seated during...
Ref: P-031044 /00-04
Date: 25/03/1957
 Seen here, seated from left to right, signing the Treaties for Belgium, France and Germany, Paul-Henri Spaak, Jean-Charles Snoy et d’Oppuers, Christian Pineau, Maurice Faure, Konrad Adenauer and Walter Hallstein© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Seen here, seated from left to right, signing the Treaties for Belgium, France...
Ref: P-031044 /00-05
Date: 25/03/1957
 Joseph Luns and Johannes Linthorst-Homan, seated from left to right, signing the Treaties on behalf of the Netherlands, in presence of Christian Calmes, Secretary General of the Council of Ministers of the ECSC, seen here standing on the right, next to Johannes Linthorst-Homan© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Joseph Luns and Johannes Linthorst-Homan, seated from left to right, signing the...
Ref: P-031044 /00-06
Date: 25/03/1957
 Seen here, seated from left to right, signing the Treaties for Belgium, France, Germany and Italy, Paul-Henri Spaak, Jean-Charles Snoy et d’Oppuers, Christian Pineau, Maurice Faure, Konrad Adenauer, Walter Hallstein and Antonio Segni© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Seen here, seated from left to right, signing the Treaties for Belgium, France,...
Ref: P-031044 /00-07
Date: 25/03/1957
 Informal encounter between outside the Capitol:Maurice Faure, in the middle, on the left, shaking hands with Walter Hallstein in presence of Paul Henri Spaak, on the left, and Joseph Luns (back to camera) and Joseph Bech having an informal discussion on the right© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Informal encounter between outside the Capitol:Maurice Faure, in the middle, on...
Ref: P-031044 /00-08
Date: 25/03/1957
 Signatories to the Treaties gathered in the garden of the Embassy of Belgium in Rome, looking at a poster designed to mark the event:In the middle, from left to right, Paul Henri Spaak, Konrad Adenauer,  Jean-Charles Snoy et d’Oppuers, Joseph Luns and Walter Hallstein, © AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Signatories to the Treaties gathered in the garden of the Embassy of Belgium in...
Ref: P-031044 /00-09
Date: 26/03/1957
 Antonio Segni and Konrad Adenauer, left to right, in the middle, joining hands following the signing of the Treaties, surrounded by other signatories and delegations members - Gaetano Martino,  Attilio Cattani, Italian Permanent Representative to the EEC, and Joseph Bech, amongst others (from left to right)© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Antonio Segni and Konrad Adenauer, left to right, in the middle, joining hands...
Ref: P-031044 /00-10
Date: 26/03/1957
 European polititians are concentrated while signing the treaty for the European Common Market and the Euratom, Rome's City Hall, Italy, March 25, 1957. Seated from left to right are: French Foreign Undersecretary Maurice Faure, German Chancellor Konrad adenauer, German Foreign Affairs Underseretary Walter Hallstein, Italian Premier Antonio Segni and Italian Foreign Minister Gaetano Martino. (AP Photo/Stf)© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised European polititians are concentrated while signing the treaty for the European...
Ref: P-031044 /00-11
Date: 26/03/1957
 Konrad Adenauer, seated on the right, signing the Treaties on behalf of Germany in the presence of Christian Pineau, seated on the left, and Christian Calmes, Secretary General of the Council of Ministers of the ECSC, standing on the right © AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Konrad Adenauer, seated on the right, signing the Treaties on behalf of Germany...
Ref: P-031044 /00-12
Date: 26/03/1957
 Former Prime Minister of Italy Giuseppe Pella stands, center, in front of Giovanni Leone, President of the Chamber of Depuities, and speaks on Euratom and the Common Market, during discussions in the Chamber of Deputies, in Rome, July 28, 1957. (AP Photo/Atenni)© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Former Prime Minister of Italy Giuseppe Pella stands, center, in front of...
Ref: P-031044 /00-13
Date: 28/07/1957
 Signing of the Treaties by the members of the German delegation:Konrad Adenauer and Walter Hallstein in presence of Antonio Segni (seated from left to right)© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Signing of the Treaties by the members of the German delegation:Konrad Adenauer...
Ref: P-031044 /00-14
Date: 26/03/1957
 Signing of the Treaties for Luxembourg and the Netherlands by Joseph Bech, Lambert Schaus and Joseph Luns (from left to right)© AP - Redistribution of the image by third parties not authorised Signing of the Treaties for Luxembourg and the Netherlands by Joseph Bech,...
Ref: P-031044 /00-15
Date: 26/03/1957
 Signing page of the Treaty of Rome Signing page of the Treaty of Rome
Ref: P-005284 /01-02
Date: 01/02/1983



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