The EU's standard decision-making procedure is known as 'codecision'. This means the European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council based on a proposal from the Commission.
EU decision-making involves three main institutions:
In principle, the European Commission proposes new laws, but it is the Council together with the Parliament that adopts them. This is the EU's standard decision-making procedure (known as the "ordinary legislative procedure" or "codecision").
Special legislative procedures also exist where in certain cases legal acts may be adopted by the Council alone (after consulting the Parliament) or, more rarely, by the European Parliament alone (after consulting the Council).
The Council and the Parliament can give the Commission the power to adopt non-legislative acts.
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