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EUROPA > European Commission > Economic and Financial Affairs > EMU: A Historical Documentation Abbreviations
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ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS USED

Countries and currencies 

A

Österreich (Austria)

ATS

Österreichischer Schilling (Austrian schilling)

B

België/Belgique/Belgien (Belgium)

BEF

Belgischer Franc/Franc belge (Belgian franc)

BFR

Belgischer Franc/Franc belge (Belgian franc)

CAD

Canadian dollar

CDN

Canada

CH

Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera (Switzerland)

CHF

Franc suisse/Franco Svizzero/Schweizer Franken (Swiss franc)

CY

Kibris/Kybros (Cyprus)

CZ

Ceská Republika (Czech Republic)

D

Deutschland (Germany)

DEM

Deutsche Mark (German mark)

DM

Deutsche Mark (German mark)

DK

Danmark (Denmark)

DKK

Dansk Krone (Danish krone)

DKR

Dansk Krone (Danish krone)

DR

Drachmi (Greek drachma)

DRA

Drachmi (Greek drachma)

Euro

E

España (Spain)

EE

Eesti (Estonia)

EL

Ellada/Ellas (Greece)

ESP

Peseta Español (Spanish peseta)

EST

Eesti (Estonia)

F

France

FF

Franc français (French franc)

FIM

Suomi markka (Finnish markka)

FIN

Suomi/Finland

FRF

Franc français (French franc)

GBP

Pound sterling

GR

Ellada/Ellas (Greece)

GRD

Drachmi (Greek drachma)

H

Magyarozság (Hungary)

HFL

Hollandse Florijn (Dutch guilder)

I

Italia (Italy)

IEP

Irish punt (Irish pound)

IRL

Ireland/Eire and Irish punt (Irish pound)

ITL

Lira italiana (Italian lira)

JPY

Japanese yen

L

Luxemburg (Luxembourg)

LFR

Franc luxembourgeois/Lëtzebuerger Frang (Luxembourg franc)

LIT

Italian lira

LT

Lietuva (Lithuania)

LUF

Franc luxembourgeois/Lëtzebuerger Frang (Luxembourg franc)

LV

Latvija (Latvia)

M

Malta

NL

Nederland (the Netherlands)

NLG

Nederlandsche Gulden (Dutch guilder)

ÖS

Österreichischer Schilling (Austrian schilling)

P

Portugal

PL

Polska (Poland)

PTE

Escudo Portugues (Portuguese escudo)

RU

Rossija (Russia)

RUR

Rubel (Russian rouble)

S

Sverige (Sweden)

SEK

Svenks Kroner (Swedish kroner)

SF

Suomi/Finland

SK

Slovensko (Slovakia)

SLO

Slovenija (Slovenia)

SUR

Rubel (Russian rouble)

UK

United Kingdom

UKL

Pound sterling

USA

United States of America

USD

United States dollar

 

  More abbreviations for countries and currencies used in the historical documents (explanatory note):

  Alphabetical order by country names in their original language version:  list

  Alphabetical order by abbreviations of international car signs:  list

Other abbreviations 

BIS

Bank of International Settlements

CE/CEE

Communauté européenne/Communauté économique européenne (> EC, EEC)

CECA

Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (> ECSC)

CPI

Consumer price index

DG

Directorate-General/Direction générale

DTS

Droits de tirage spéciaux (> SDR)

EC

European Communities/European Commission

ECB

European Central Bank

ECSC

European Coal and Steel Community

ECU

European currency unit

EDF

European Development Fund

EEC

European Economic Community

EIB

European Investment Bank

EMCF

European Monetary Cooperation Fund

EMS

European Monetary System

EMU

Economic and monetary union

EMUA

European monetary unit of account (> UCME)

ERM

Exchange rate mechanism

EU

European Union

EUA

European unit of account

EUR

European Communities/Currency unit used by Eurostat

EUR6

European Union 1958 (B, D, F, I, L, NL)

EUR9

European Union 1973 (EUR6+DK, IRL, UK)

EUR10

European Union 1981 (EUR9+GR)

EUR12

European Union 1986 (EUR10+E, P)

EUR12+

European Union 1990 (EUR12 +former DDR)

EUR15

European Union 1995 (EUR12 + A, FIN, S)

EUR25

European Union 2004 (EUR15 + CY, CZ, EST,H, L, LT, LV, M, PL,SK, SLO)

EUR-11, EUR-12

Euro area (Member States participating in EMU)

EURATOM

European Atomic Energy Community

EURCO

International loan unit based on a basket of nine EC currencies

EUROSTAT

Statistical Office of the European Communities

EWRE

Europäische Währungsrechnungseinheit

EWS

Europäisches Währungssystem

FECOM

Fonds européen de coopération monétaire (> EMCF)

FDI

Foreign direct investment

FMI

Fonds monétaire international (> IMF)

GDP

Gross domestic product

GFCF

Gross fixed capital formation

GNP

Gross national product

HICP

Harmonised index of consumer prices

IMF

International Monetary Fund

MECUS

Million ECU

Mio

Million

Mrd

1 000 million

NCI

New Community Instrument (> NIC)

NIC

Nouvel instrument communautaire (> NCI)

OCDE

Organisation de coopération et de développement économique (> OECD)

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OPEP

Organisation des pays exportateurs de pétrole

OSCE

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

PME

Petites et moyennes entreprises (> SMEs)

PPS

Purchasing power standard

SDR

Special drawing rights

SME

Système monétaire européen (> EMS)

SMEs

Small and medium-sized enterprises

STMS

Short-term monetary support

TVA

Taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (> VAT)

UA

(European) Unit of account

UC/UCE

Unité de compte/Unité de compte européenne (> UA/EUA )

UCME

Unité de compte monétaire européenne (> FECOM)

UEM

Union économique et monétaire (> EMU)

VAT

Value added tax

 
Staff members of the Commission
                    

DG II  

Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs

AL André Louw

BOL

Brian O'Loghlen

BM

Bernhard Molitor

FBG

Frederik Boyer de la Giroday

CB

Christophe Besse

CV

Ceyriel Vanbelle

FW

Francis Woehrling

GG

Günter Grosche

GS

Günter Schneider

GW

Gerard Wissels

GR

Giovanni Ravasio

HB

Herman Burgard

HC

Hervé Carré

HM

Heinrich Matthes

HR

Horst Reichenbach

HW

Herman Wortmann

HW

Helmut Wittelsberger

IA

Alexander Italianer

JB

Jacques Bozzi

JCM

Jean-Claude Morel

JdM

Jack de Maeyer

JD

Joly Dixon

JHS

Jan Host Schmidt

JPM

Jean-Pierre Mingasson

JPF

Jean Pisani-Ferry

MC

Michael Cwik

ME

Michael Emerson

MV

Marc Vanheukelen

MM

Maurizio Micocci

PAR

Paul A. Rutsaert

NA

Nikolaus Adami

PG

Pierre Guimbretiere

PVDB

Paul van den Bempt

SA

Stefan Auwärter

TV

Thierry Vissol

TRW

Thomas R. Webb

UM

Ugo Mosca

WHM

Wilhelm H. Meyer

 

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