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The spirit of cooperation and transparency has to prevail in Copenhagen


As a developing country that has set ambitious targets to fight against climate change, Indonesia appears as a bridge between developing and developed countries, said Barroso during a joint press conference in Brussels with Mr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the president of Indonesia. The spirit of cooperation and transparency has to prevail in Copenhagen now that the negotiations are reaching a decisive moment. "How are we going to look on Friday or Saturday if more than 100 heads of state and government come from all over the world and, at the end, what we can say to the world is that 'it was not possible' ? It is unthinkable", stated Barroso. Bilateral issues such as trade, investment and education were also on the agenda of the two leaders.

President Barroso welcomes the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon


The Treaty of Lisbon enters into force today – 1 December 2009. The occasion will be marked by a ceremony in the city of Lisbon organised jointly by the Portuguese government, the Swedish Presidency and the European Commission. The Commission believes that the new treaty provides significant new benefits for citizens and will settle the institutional debate for the foreseeable future. "I'm delighted that we now have the right institutions to act and a period of stability, so that we can focus all our energy on delivering what matters to our citizens", president Barroso said.

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10 examples of benefits for European citizens

Watch the ceremony for the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon

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The EU-China Summit focused on global challenges, in particular on climate change


During the 12th EU-China Summit, president Barroso stressed that we need political leadership from all sides if we want to get a deal in Copenhagen. He welcomed the news that China is now indicating what they are prepared to do on mitigation in concrete numbers. "We agree that there must be a differentiated approach and different responsibilities for developed and developing countries. And we can always negotiate with numbers… but we cannot negotiate with science, with the science and the facts", he said. The EU remains committed to a legally binding outcome of the Copenhagen conference.

President Barroso officially opens a dairy employing disabled workers in Alsace


On Tuesday, in addition to attending the plenary session in Strasbourg, President Barroso officially opened some cowsheds at a farm in Bischwiller in the French administrative region of Bas-Rhin. The farm employs around 15 disabled people. Joseph Daul, President of the European People’s Party at the European Parliament, was present, as were several local elected members.

President Barroso very much welcomes the tougher target on greenhouse gas emissions set by Russia


Speaking at the press conference following the EU-Russia summit, president Barroso stated that "With the Copenhagen conference starting in just over two weeks, we have made very important progress today and I very much welcome the signal from president Medvedev today of their proposed emissions reduction target of 20 to 25%. I have instructed officials to work very closely with their Russian counterparts on all the details, because we fully agreed in our discussion this morning that this is a critical negotiation and we must succeed in Copenhagen. Both the EU and Russia have responsibilities to lead on climate change, and we need all players to do all they can to remain within the two degrees target. We can negotiate between ourselves on the numbers, but we can't negotiate with physics. Science must be our guiding light. I am confident that we can still achieve a meaningful result in Copenhagen."

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European commission president welcomes Brazil's leadership on climate change


"I welcome the commitment made by Brazil to reduce emissions around 40% by 2020. With this decision, Brazil is amongst the first of the major emerging countries to make such a pledge. This is a potentially decisive step to achieve a global deal in Copenhagen in December and to succeed in the fight against climate change."

Festival of freedom


Invited by chancellor Merkel of Germany, president Barroso commemorated the fall of the Berlin Wall with the president of the European Parliament, heads of state and government as well as hundreds of thousands of citizens. During the night, he toppled the domino he painted himself a few weeks ago with Belgian school children as part of the artistic domino project consisting of more than 1000 dominos that symbolically reproduce the domino effect of events in 1989.

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Video message by president Barroso ahead the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall


"For me, the pecking of holes in the Berlin wall in November 1989 echoed the music of freedom that I got used to listen to only a few years before" said president Barroso in reference to the revolution in his own country, Portugal. For me, in 1989 not just the wall collapsed, but a world of ideology and oppression. The iron curtain had cut Europe into two –its dismantling in 1989 was the start of making it one. The past five years as Commission president I dedicated a huge effort into making this enlarged European Union work. (…) Now we have to work hand in hand to tear down the last remains of the wall that still persist in Europe. Let's remove them, brick by brick, like the long chain of dominos that we will topple tonight in Berlin.

Watch the full video message

Celebration of the fall of the Berlin Wall


The Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989. On Monday, 20 years later, a reunited Europe will celebrate this page in history. Representing the European Commission, President Barroso will go to Berlin to participate in a wide-ranging programme of commemorations, in particular the 'Festival of Freedom' in which the Berlin Wall will fall a second time — symbolically.

See the video on the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall

European citizens must not be subject to further disruptions of gas supplies from Russia through Ukraine


President Barroso spoke on Thursday with president Yushenko of Ukraine to discuss the transit of gas supplies, the current economic situation and the Ukrainian request for assistance to tackle the H1N1 virus. He stressed that it is absolutely essential that there are no blockages within the Ukrainian system on the payment of gas supplies from Russia.

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President Barroso optimistic on progress on trade and climate change at the EU-India summit


At the eve of the summit which takes place this year in New Delhi, president Barroso said: “In the past decade, the EU and India have evolved to become key actors on the world stage. The dynamic strategic partnership we have forged over the years is a sign of strong commitment and mutual understanding to contribute together to global solutions to global challenges, from peace, security and development aid to the fight against climate change. By agreeing a position on climate finance last Friday in Brussels, the EU is signalling that we are ready to help if developing countries and, in particular, emerging economies like India deliver. ”

Further information

EU-India relationship

Delegation of the European Commission in New Delhi

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An EU "fit for purpose" in the global age


President Barroso attended a high-level debate in Brussels organised by Policy Network and Friends of Europe under the title "An EU ‘fit for purpose’ in the global age". He was glad to see that the report highlights both the need for a shared sense of identity and a 'Europe of results' in order to achieve greater legitimacy. "Both are important, and they are not mutually exclusive," he said. He also addressed other issues, such as the question of politicisation at European level, the promotion of European values and the possibility of a new socio-economic settlement in Europe.

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Consult the Policy Network paper

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"The last political obstacle to the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty has been overcome"


Justus Lipsius – Council building © EC

These were President Barroso’s words on Thursday evening during the press conference held at the close of the first day of the European Council. Heads of state and European government leaders have accepted to grant the Czech Republic the derogation that it has been requesting in order to ratify the Lisbon Treaty, thus removing ‘the last political obstacle’ to its entry into force. This comes at the end of a process that the President compared to a marathon dotted with high jumps. The Czech Prime Minister Jan Fischer confirmed that ‘if the Constitutional Court – which is still to pronounce its decision on Tuesday 3 November with regard to an appeal lodged by members of the Senate – orders that the Lisbon Treaty is in line with the Czech constitution, there are no further obstacles to a speedy completion of the ratification’.

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Fight against climate change: Europe cannot be the only locomotive in the negotiations


Fredrik Reinfeldt and José Manuel Barroso © EC

During the press conference of the Tripartite Social Summit which focused to the implementation of the European stimulus measures, president Barroso raised the issue of the progress in the negotiations leading to Copenhagen and the need to get agreement internally on financing during the Council. "Everybody is committed, from the trade unions to the business community, to see the benefits to develop a greener economy. At the same time, everybody considered that the others have to do the same efforts than Europe".

Watch the extracts of the press conference

Outcome of the summit

Poverty: one of the main priorities of the European Union


Beggar in the street holding a plastic cup © EC

'Any progress in thwarting the scourge of poverty is a success for our common values,' declared President Barroso in a video message broadcast during the conference 'Poverty, between reality and perceptions: the communication challenge'. This event was organised in Brussels to mark the launch of 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion. Unable to attend in person due to meetings related to the preparation of the European Council, the President nevertheless wished to speak by this means in order to explain how strongly he felt about the issue. At present almost 80 million people in Europe are on the poverty line, including 19 million children.

See the President's video message

Visit the website on 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion

9 out of 10 Europeans want urgent action on poverty

Read the results of the last Eurobarometer on poverty

Read the press release on the debate examining the central role of the media in combating poverty

For further information on the EU’s response to the social consequences of the crisis

The protection of fundamental rights will be high on the agenda of the Commission


Sketch of the Council of Europe building with question marks © Council of Europe

President Barroso had a working lunch with the new secretary-general of the Council of Europe, Thorbjorn Jagland on the occasion of his first visit abroad. Former president of the Storting - the Norwegian Parliament - Mr Jagland took office on 1 October 2009. As he did at the ceremony for the 60th anniversary of the Council of Europe three weeks ago, president Barroso welcomed the close cooperation with the Council of Europe. He also took the opportunity of this meeting to announce to Mr Jagland that he intends to establish a new "human rights" portfolio covering the fields of justice, fundamental rights and civil liberties within the next Commission in order to allow an even stronger emphasis on these policy areas.

Watch the extracts of the joint press briefing

Meeting with the prime minister of São Tomé


Joaquim Rafael Branco and José Manuel Barroso © EC

President Barroso met Joaquim Rafael Branco, prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe, in Brussels. The visit was an opportunity to exchange views on the country's perspectives and the bilateral cooperation between the European Union and São Tomé and Príncipe. President Barroso gave a positive assessment of recent developments. This was the first such formal meeting with prime minister Branco. Prime minister Branco assumed his post in June 2008 after a period of governmental instability.

European House opens in Vienna


Austrian Flag © EC

In the presence of Heinz Fischer, President of the Federal Republic of Austria, President Barroso, accompanied by Jerzy Buzek, President of the European Parliament, inaugurated the new European Commission and European Parliament building in the heart of Vienna. President Barroso pledged that dialogue with the citizens and the different actors in civil society, a hallmark of the current Commission, will continue to be of critical importance under the next Commission. The EC will redouble its efforts to have a real Commission presence communicating on the ground in the Member States and in the regions, in partnership with the European Parliament, listening to citizens and dealing first hand with their questions and concerns. However, he pointed out that the gap in awareness of the EU can only be closed in full partnership with all actors at national, regional and local level.

Read the press release

Supporting the Cyprus settlement process


Leopold Maurer © EC

The President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, has decided to appoint Mr Leopold Maurer as his personal Representative to the Good Offices Mission of the United Nations in Cyprus. This designation follows a request by the United Nations and is a further demonstration that president Barroso and the European Commission are committed to supporting the Cyprus settlement process. Mr Maurer will provide advice to the UN Good Offices Mission on EU-related matters.

Consolidation of EU-China relations


Xi Jinping and José Manuel Barroso © EC

President Barroso welcomed the vice president of China, Xi Jinping, to the Berlaymont on his first visit to Brussels. The president raised the topics of the upcoming summit, expected to take place at the end of November in China, and the EU priorities regarding the global agenda for which EU and China share responsibilities. Both parties expressed commitment to success in Copenhagen at the end of the year, and president Barroso again acknowledged the efforts announced by Hu Jintao in New York to this effect. Later on, both attended the opening of the arts festival Europalia. For its 40th anniversary, Brussels and its neighbouring regions will celebrate the diversity of Chinese culture by hosting hundreds of breathtaking events during the coming four months.

See the website on EU-China relations

EU-Brazil summit to focus on climate change and the economic crisis


Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Fredrik Reinfeldt and José Manuel Barroso © EC

President Barroso attended the 3rd EU-Brazil summit in Stockholm alongside Swedish prime minister Fredrik Reinfeldt and commissioners Ferrero-Waldner and Ashton. They held discussions with president Luis Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil. Summit leaders addressed key global challenges such as climate change and the global economic situation and will review progress in the implementation of the EU-Brazil joint action plan, which was adopted in December 2008. The EU is Brazil's biggest trading partner, accounting for 25% of its exports and 22% of its imports. It is also the main investor in Brazil and the first destination of Brazilian foreign direct investment.

More information

Watch the extracts from the press conference

The huge potential of the G20 needs implementation


Fredrik Reinfeldt and José Manuel Barroso © EC

During his joint press conference with prime minister Reinfeldt before the G20 summit, president Barroso called for global rules based on universal values and reflecting the reality of economic interdependence. Considering that the G20 is making a huge difference in tackling this crisis through a good level of coordination, he recalled that the EU has supported the process from the beginning. He also underlined the importance Europe gives to the principle of a Charter for Sustainable Economic Activity - "it is a way of providing the economic and ethical basis for global governance" - and explained why it is important to take specific action to rein in exorbitant bonuses "in terms of ethical principle and also for the legitimacy of our financial systems and the way they are seen by our citizens." Nevertheless, president Barroso warned that "the G20 is not just a talking shop. Afterwards we need to implement what we have agreed."

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European measures to enhance financial supervision


Paris Stock Exchange – market surveillance room © Reporters

On the eve of the opening of the G20 summit in the United States, the European Commission under the presidency of José Manuel Barroso has adopted legislative provisions aiming to reinforce financial stability throughout the EU, to ensure that the same basic technical rules are applied and enforced consistently, to identify risks in the system at an early stage, and to be able to act together far more effectively in emergency situations and in resolving disagreements among supervisors. ‘Financial markets are European and global, not only national. Their supervision must also be European and global. Today we are proposing a new European supervisory system, which has the political backing of the Member States and is based on the de Larosière report. Our aim is to protect European taxpayers from a repeat of the dark days of autumn 2008, when governments had to pour billions of euro into the banks’, said the President.

Read the press release

Q and A on the European Systemic Risk Board / the macro-supervision part of the package

Q and A on the European System of Financial Supervisors

New five-year term for President Barroso


José Manuel Barroso © European Parliament

By a large majority, the European Parliament has re-elected José Manuel Barroso as President of the European Commission for a new five-year term. Visibly moved, President Barroso thanked MEPs 'very sincerely' for the confidence shown in him. He was also keen to thank the members of the European People’s Party for being the first to support his programme, as well as Portugal, his home country, which supported his candidacy for the post of President of the EC. Interpreting the vote as 'an acceptance of the ambitious programme for a Europe of freedom and solidarity' put forward recently, he restated his 'determination' to work closely with MEPs 'to build an even stronger Parliamentary democracy'.