The European Anti-Fraud Office is also known as OLAF, from its French name: Office de Lutte Anti-Fraude.
Task Force "Anti-Fraud Coordination Unit" (UCLAF) was created as part of the Secretariat-General of the European Commission. UCLAF worked alongside national anti-fraud departments and provided the coordination and assistance needed to tackle transnational organised fraud.
UCLAF’s powers gradually increased following recommendations by the EU Parliament.
UCLAF authorised to launch investigations on its own initiative, on the basis of information from various sources. All Commission departments were required to inform UCLAF of any suspected instances of fraud within their areas of responsibility.
Further to the events which led to the resignation of the Santer Commission, proposals were put forward for a new anti-fraud body (OLAF) with stronger powers. These proposals resulted in
establishment of the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) as an independent entity within the European Commission (Decision 1999/352 )