1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Much of Romania’s efforts to prevent and combat trafficking have focused on prevention and providing victims with assistance. Romania adopted its first National Action Plan for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in 2001. The issue gained political attention in 2005 when the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (ANITP) was established. ANITP is the coordinating body for all measures against trafficking in human beings in Romania. A comprehensive National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons for 2006-2010 was adopted in 2006.
Conventionally, Romania has been mainly a source and transit country of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and a destination country for women from Moldova, Colombia and France who are trafficked into prostitution. Yet, in recent years, Romania has gradually become a source and transit country for labour exploitation as well. For instance, 64%of identified victims in 2008 were trafficked for forced labour. These victims were mainly men from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Honduras. Romanian men, women, and children are also trafficked internally for both sexual exploitation and forced labour.
According to the National Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Victims of Trafficking (SIMEV), the total number of identified victims in 2008 was 1240, a decrease from 1780 in 2007. Minors represented 17% of those trafficked.
Romanian children are mainly trafficked into begging and petty theft networks. Romanian children from the Roma community appear to fall victim to these rings of exploitation disproportionately. Trafficking for the purpose of begging increased from 7% in 2008 to 14% (109 victims) in 2009. In 2009, 41% of cases concerned women trafficked for sexual exploitation, while 40% of cases consisted of trafficking for forced labour, in agriculture, constructions or other economic activities.
The main and most visible trend in the trafficking in persons’ phenomenon is represented by the upward curve of the victims identified. If in 2006 until 2009 the total number of the victims identified recorded a downward trend, in 2010 the total number of victims identified was of 1154, which is 32.5% higher the previous year.
Sexual and labour exploitation are still the main forms of victims’ exploitation. 56% of the total number of the population was represented by women, as victims of trafficking in persons.
At the same time, we should outline the increasing number of child trafficking in 2010.
307 juveniles, meaning 27% were victims of child trafficking, especially sexual exploited.
We emphasize the fact that there were no foreign victims trafficked in our country. Still, two foreigners (from Greece and Hungary) had been recruited in our country, and exploited on the territory of other Member States (Spain and Germany).
The development of the investigations not only at national level but also international, has enabled the detection of more and more members of criminal groups. The identification of the victims of trafficking, the investigation and the prosecution of the suspects for trafficking in persons crimes are interrelated processes whose measurable values may be correlated. Thus, due to the increasing number of the victims of trafficking in persons, the number of suspects investigated and convicted was also higher. 1099 suspects were investigated in 2010, number of suspects with 16% higher than in 2009. In 2010, 203 offenders were sentenced for crimes of trafficking in persons, the figure being with 10% higher than the previous year.
In 2011, the Trafficking in Human Beings trend in Romania was influenced by the ongoing economic crisis, which entailed national austerity measures and budget reduction. The set of measures taken in Romania, in this socio-economic context have produced numerous effects, especially in the labour market, dramatically reducing supply over demand.
The rise in demand for jobs, regardless of their nature, led to the systematic increase of people vulnerable to trafficking and also ever greater risk-taking by this category in acceptance of some jobs.
In the first half of 2011, the number of identified victims exceeded by 29% the figure reported for the same period last year. From a total of 488 identified victims, 341 were female, out of which 150 minors, respectively 147 were male, out of which 20 minors.
6 persons of foreign nationality (Bangladesh and Moldova), third-country nationals were victims of sexual exploitation in the street and also victims of labour exploitation in agriculture in our country.
According to information gathered on recruitment methods and also on the recruiter relationship with the victim, we have noticed that the identified victims were overwhelmingly recruited directly by the dealer, without there being any intermediary such as employment agencies.
Sexual exploitation and forced labor are the most common forms of human trafficking exploitation in 2011. During this period (fist six months of 2011) the victims of sexual exploitation had a higher prevalence of 50% from the total number of identified victims. Other forms of exploitation were registered among victims identified, but at a much smaller scale (begging or stealing exploitation and also pornographic exposure).
The dynamic of trafficking in persons in Romania
The victims’ characteristics in Romania have been analyzed periodically by the Romanian authorities since 2004, but starting 2007, the National System of Data Collection and Interpretation in this field has been improved, when the Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Trafficking in Persons (SIMEV) has become operational at the national level. Thus, for this year, SIMEV has registered 1048 identified victims, with 9% less than in the previous year.
Other characteristics observed at the level of victims’ population identified in 2011
- an increase with 5% of the number of victims coming from rural area, from 52% in 2010 to 57%;
- the majority of victims has a low level of education (56% had gymnasium studies at the moment they were trafficked, while a percentage of 36% were attending or graduated from high school or vocational school). The number of cases when victims had a higher education or no education was small.
- although, the majority of victims came from families with two parents (the origin families in the case of minors or the type of actual family in case of adults), most families of this type were characterized by tensed relations, domestic violence, alcohol and drug consumption, or negligence for the important aspects in partner’s life or minors in care;
- The most vulnerable age category is between 18 and 25 years; but a significant number of minors aged between 14 – 17 and adults aged between 26 – 40 became victims of trafficking in persons.
The victims with a high risk of being trafficked come from dysfunctional families and are mainly, youngsters and minors marked by violence and abuse.
The sexual exploitation remains one of the most aggressive forms of exploitation, especially for women; this year it remains the most frequent form of exploitation of victims of trafficking in persons.
The 2010 ranking of exploitation methods connected to criminal files remains the same for 2011: sexual exploitation on the first place followed by forced labour and begging exploitation. To a smaller extent, activities regarding other forms of exploitation – street lifting and shop lifting - were performed.
Another significant fact is the recruitment of female minors, students, who, under the promise to easily earn a lot of money, are determined to practice prostitution at the local level, and after turning 18, under the pretext to settle down for life (“lover boy” recruitment method) are transported abroad and then exploited in the street and in night clubs.
The majority of victims identified in 2011 were exploited abroad, 72% out of the total. In Romania (internal trafficking), 296 victims were trafficked, especially for sexual exploitation.
The main 10 destination countries were: Spain (224 victims of forced labour exploitation), Italy (131 victims trafficked especially for sexual exploitation), Germany (103 victims trafficked for sexual exploitation or forced labour), Greece (93, especially for forced labour), Czech Republic (49 victims of forced labour exploitation), France (39 victims trafficked especially for begging or sexual exploitation), Cyprus (34 victims of forced labour exploitation), Poland (18 victims exploited mainly for begging or forced labour) and Austria (13 victims trafficked for sexual exploitation or begging)
Combating the trafficking in persons in 2011
Criminal investigations for trafficking in persons and trafficking in minors were finalized for 810 criminal files. There were registered 182 indictments, 480 persons being prosecuted out of the total of 2403 investigated persons for this crime.
Criminal files finalized
Final figures for investigation and prosecution of traffickers
Trafficker’s characteristics for 2011
- the traffickers are especially men (79,2%). Nevertheless, female are involved in the stage of victims’ preparation or in recruitment but they are playing also an important role in exploitation phase, in receiving the „goods”;
- over 83% of traffickers are in the age category between 20 and 45 years old.
Combating the trafficking in persons in 2012
The Agency against Trafficking in Persons is the Romanian specialized structure in evaluation of trafficking in persons’ phenomenon, national and international cooperation in the field, improving public policies in all areas tackling the phenomenon.
The victims’ characteristics in Romania have been analyzed periodically by the Romanian authorities since 2004, but starting 2007, the National System of Data Collection and Interpretation in this field has been improved, when the Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Trafficking in Persons (SIMEV) has become operational at the national level, administrated by ANITP. Thus, for this year, SIMEV has registered 1041 identified victims, with 7 victims less than the previous year. SIMEV is counting and registering Romanian citizens exploited outside our country but also Romanian citizens or foreigners exploited internally.
Out of the total identified victims only 4 were foreigners.
The majority of the victims were sexually exploited (50,5% out of the total identified victims). This exploitation is taking place in private flats, clubs, and brothels, making the detection and identification of the victims harder.
The number of the victims exploited externally has been decreasing from the last year, maybe as a consequence of a good European and International cooperation with partners from other countries.
Men, women and children are trafficked from Romania to European countries like Italy, Spain, Germany and others. While Italy and Spain have been observed by several years as main destination countries for Romanian victims, Germany have been registered an important flow of Romanian victims in 2012.
Criminal investigations for human trafficking and trafficking in minors offences are conducting yearly to a permanent increase in numbers’ convictions. For example, 427 traffickers were convicted for trafficking in persons or minors, the rate being 55% higher than the previous year and more than double for the year 2010 (276 persons in 2011 and 203 persons in 2010 were convicted for trafficking in persons and minors).
r positive tendency for the 2012 is that most of the traffickers have long time prison sentences. (Almost 75% of traffickers are executing an imprisonment -jail type- punishment). Is constantly increasing the amount of severe sentence granted to traffickers, almost 41% are executing a sentence longer than 5 years.
he efficient international cooperation has led to the increase in numbers of transnational referred victims with the help of the Agency assuring in this way an emergent intervention for victims’ recovery. 110 victims have been transnational referred in 2012, from countries like Greece, Portugal, Spain and others.
 Data provided by the Superior Council of Magistracy
 All statistics presented in this section are provided by:
- National Agency against Trafficking In Persons (Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Trafficking in Persons -SIMEV);
- General Inspectorate of Romanian Police - Directorate for Combating Organized Crime;
- Public Ministry –Directorate for Investigating Organised Crime and Terrorism;
- Ministry of Justice.
2. INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law no. 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. The Law was introduced in the Criminal Code in 2002. The Criminal Code was modified in 2004 to include specific provisions for all forms of trafficking in adults and children.
The provisions for human trafficking prescribe penalties from three to fifteen years' imprisonment. These penalties are commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other grave crimes, such as rape.
In the new Criminal Code of July 17 2009, chapter VII (Trafficking and exploitation of vulnerable persons) is aimed at establishing crimes, particularly against minors, through a modern approach in line with European and international regulation. Therefore, any acts committed against minors that can be severely harmful to their life, freedom, health, physical and mental integrity are criminalised. Examples include trafficking in minors, procurement, exploitation for begging, forcing a minor to beg, benefiting from the services of an exploited person, rape, sexual assault, sexual intercourse with a minor, sexual corruption of minors, and the recruitment of minors for sexual purposes.
Romanian legislation does not provide residence permits for victims of human trafficking. However, a tolerance regime of upto six months meets the requirements of the Council Directive 2004/81/EC in terms of victim assistance.
The initial period of accommodation and assistance in specialised centres (ten days) is not subject to cooperation with the law enforcement, but its renewal does require this cooperation.
National Strategy/National Action Plan
The National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons for 2006-2010 was adopted in Romania in 2006. The National Strategy sets six strategic objectives, with clear targets and benchmarks for their monitoring and evaluation, to be implemented by two National Action Plans.
The most important objectives of the National Strategy include:
- strengthening the role of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons as an equivalent mechanism for coordination of anti-trafficking activities;
- adopting a National Referral Mechanism in2008 by a joint order of relevant ministries and national agencies;
- developing National Standards for Specialised Assistance Services in 2007 to improve the quality of assistance provided to victims;
- developing andbringing into full operation the National Database on Victims of Trafficking (since 2007);
- an anti-trafficking toll free help-line (0800 800 678), which has been available since 2007;
- implementing collaboration protocols at central and regional level with public and private institutions active in the field, as well as setting up regional inter-institutional teams .
Two National Action Plans (for 2006-2007 and 2008-2010) have been adopted for the implementation of the National Strategy.
Co-ordination of anti-trafficking actions at a national level
In March 2009, the ANITP was changed from an independent national agency, with the authority to administer federal funding for anti-trafficking initiatives, to a subordinate agency of the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police.
The ANITP coordinates, evaluates and monitors the implementation of anti-trafficking and victim protection and assistance policies by public institutions at national level. The ANITP runs fifteen Regional Centres to monitor the local implementation of the National Action Plans and to support anti-trafficking activities performed in the ANITP's area of responsibility.
The ANITP is also responsible for maintaining a central database on victims of human trafficking, and plays a key role in the referral mechanism. The ANITP ensures the effective referral of victims to the assistance services providers, as well as monitoring the quality of assistance with which the victims are provided.
National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanism
Latest initiatives/activities related to anti-trafficking policy
Development of several JIT (Joint Investigation Teams) with destination countries as UK and France as an efficient tool in tackling the networks both in origin and destination country;
Amendment of the Law no. 678/2001 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings through the Law no. 230/2010 as following:
- inclusion of THB victim’s definition;
- inclusion as form of exploitation: forced begging, removal of tissues or human cells;
- implementing the concept of „protected houses” to ensure under cover familial type accomodation;
- increasing the period for unconditioned victims’ accomodation from 10 to 90 days, during the reflection period.
Increasing the penalties for the aggravated form of this crime, namely amending the provisions referring to this crime when committed by a family member or upon a minor, a pregnant woman, or upon a physically or mentally disabled person.
Reorganisation of NAATP as independent body within the Ministry of Adminstration and Interior, with the purpose to develop its capacity as central comunication point for international partenrs in countering THB (policies development, victim’s referal and coordination during trials, prevention campaign, projects implementation)
For 2011, adoption of new National Strategy for Prevention and Combating THB that will focus on improving victims’ assistance, expanding international judicial cooperation raising awarness among various law enforcement agencies and divisions with the purpose of early detection of vulnerable population or victims.
The most important challenges national level
- Improving legal framework related to financial support for services run by NGOs;
- Improving the collection of accurate comparable and standardized data, regarding THB victims, from various actors responsible for prevention and combating THB, both governmental and civil society;
- Reducing the risk groups’ vulnerability by reducing the demand for sexual exploitation of women and labour exploitation;
- Reducing victimization risk and improving Romania’ situation (currently 5th place);
- Reducing internal traffic;
- Reducing child trafficking:
- Promoting the idea of establishing the European Anti-Trafficking Annual Report
- Accurate data regarding Romanian victims trafficked into other countries
- Initiating a transnational mechanism on identification and referral, in partnership with the main destination countries for the Romanian victims of trafficking in persons.
3. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY
Efforts to prevent human trafficking in Romania have focused on awareness-raising for both potential victims and the general public. ANTIP has implemented several campaigns and projects in partnership with other stakeholders. These include:
- Reducing the number of Romanian and Bulgarian victims trafficked in Italy and Spainfor the period 16 February - 15 October 2010. Within this project, the prevention campaign Trafficking in persons - forgive no one has been launched.
- Within the PHARE Twinning Project RO2006/IB/JH 08, entitled Improving the institutional capacity of the agencies involved in the prevention of trafficking in human beings in line with the current European standards and best practices, the national campaign for the prevention of sexual exploitation called “The two-faced man”was implemented between July and October 2009.
- From October 2008 until June 2009 a demand reduction campaign called,“Your money makes the traffickers rich...Your money kills souls!" was implemented. The main purpose of the campaign was to inform the public about the consequences of sexual exploitation, labour and forced begging, and about the legal norms punishing trafficking in persons in all its forms.
- The campaign with the slogan “Euro 2008 – trafficking in persons can be a game with a high stake, even your life" was implemented during the European Football Championship 2008. The aim of the campaign was to inform the public at large about trafficking in persons.
- From 26 June until 15 September 2008, the information campaign “The trafficking in persons is out there! Take a decision TODAY… Not TOMORROW!”on the Black Sea Coast was conducted.
- The campaign“Watch out for PERFECT opportunities for PERFECT jobs!, which began in July 2007, was finalised in February 2008. The campaign aimed to inform the population about trafficking. It targeted risk groups and potential clients. Two types of brochures were developed: “Preventive measures for trafficking in persons” for the general public and “Victims’ rights” for the state institutions coming into contact with victims of trafficking.
- "Be careful! There’s a price to pay!"was a national campaign, initiated at the end of 2006 by ANITP and implemented throughout January – June 2007, aiming at raising the awareness of the public at large about trafficking issues and to promote the toll-free number 0800 800 678.
- Starting from 2007, ANITP has conducted the annual campaign,“18 October – EU Anti-Trafficking Day” which includes information campaigns aimed at raising awareness among the public about trafficking in persons.
In 2008, the Romanian government also provided 24 trafficking awareness training sessions for Romanian troops prior to their deployment in international peacekeeping missions abroad.
Assistance and support provided to victims
One of the objectives of the National Strategy is the development of national standards for assistance services provided to victims.
Before 2008, when the National Referral Mechanism was adopted, there was no unitary system to identify and support victims of human trafficking. Until then, the identification of victims and offenders had been conducted on the basis of cumulative provisions from the relevant legislation on a case-by-case basis, carried out by specialised units within the Inspectorate General of the Romanian Police, the Inspectorate General of the Border Police, NGOs and social services.
In order to co-ordinate activities dedicated to the protection and assistance of victims of trafficking, a Thematic Working Group was created in 2007 by a joint order of competent ministries and agencies.
Operating under the authority of local administrations in nine counties, the Centre for Protection of and Assistance to Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings offers temporary accommodation, psychological counselling, medical examination, physical protection, information about the rights of the victim as a witness/injured party in the judicial process, and support to get in touch with the victim's family.
The ANITP and the National Authority for the Protection of the Children's Rights (NAPCR) are the bodies responsible for monitoring the implementation of assistance to victims of trafficking.
In 2008, the government provided $270,000 to four non-governmental organizations for victim assistance. According to the US TIP report 2010, the reorganization of ANITP in March 2009 had a negative impact on victim assistance Specifically, the TIP Report states that the government was less cooperative with anti-trafficking NGOs, and that it allocated no federal funding for NGOs to provide victim services and conduct anti-trafficking prevention programs. As a result, nearly 30 anti-trafficking NGOs either closed or changed their focus to issues other than human trafficking in order to retain federal funding; some of these NGOs had previously provided critical victim assistance including shelter, counseling, vocational training, and other rehabilitative care for victims.
In 2009, the government identified 780 victims, including at least 416 identified victims of forced labour and at least 320 identified victims of forced prostitution, a significant decrease from 1,240 victims identified in 2008. Of those victims identified in 2009, 176 were children, trafficked for both forced labor and prostitution.
An anti-trafficking toll free help-line (0800 800 678) which has been available since 2007, has the following remit:
- To provide information about trafficking in persons;
- To provide identification and referral of victims of trafficking;
- To contribute towards an impact assessment of prevention campaigns.
The Program of Victims Coordination
The Victims Coordination Program was initiated by ANITP in collaboration with the US Embassy in Bucharest in 2006.The personnel of the Regional Centres against trafficking in human beings are implementing the Program of Victims Coordination with the following objectives:
- Maintaining permanent contact with victims;
- Providing information to the victims about their rights and the services they can access for specialized assistance;
- Informing the victims about the trial;
- Informing the victims on the development of the case.
Following the implementation of this program, the number of victims of trafficking who acted as witnesses or injured parties in trials increased, as well as their participation in all the stages of the criminal procedures. The number of victims who left the assistance program before the intervention was over and the re-integration objective achieved has also been reduced.
Foreign victims receive a 90-day reflection period to decide whether they would like to cooperate in criminal proceedings.
According to the US TIP report 2010, no foreign victims applied for and received temporary residence permits in 2009.
Special protective measures for children
The importance that the Romanian government attaches to combating trafficking in children is reflected in a number of legal and policy instruments, such as the National Action Plan on preventing and combating trafficking in children 2004-2007.
ANIPT and NAPCP have overall responsibility for trafficking victims who are minors. Special assistance to minors is provided in eleven Emergency Transit Centres for unaccompanied minors or child victims of trafficking, administered by Save the Children Romania. The centres are a part of the National Interest Program for the assistance, protection and rehabilitation of child victims or children who are at risk from trafficking.
Investigation and prosecution
Established multidisciplinary groups, special units/police groups etc.
In Romania, the Inspectorate General of the Romanian Police (IGRP) and the Inspectorate General of the Border Police (IGBP) are in charge of investigations, while the Prosecutor’s Office conducts prosecutions for criminal offences.
In 2004, a network of Judges was created, which specialises in hearing trafficking cases. It is made up of 56 judges, from every Court of Appeal and tribunal throughout the country.
Latest number of prosecutions and convictions
In 2009, according to the US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report, the Romanian police investigated 759 cases – including some investigations started in 2008 –and prosecuted 329 individuals for human trafficking. 183 trafficking offenders were convicted and 72 of these served time in prison. During the same year, one offender was sentenced to up to six months’ imprisonment, 54 offenders were sentenced to five to 10 years’ imprisonment, six offenders were sentenced to 10 to 15 years’ imprisonment, and one child offender was sentenced to an undisclosed amount of time in prison. The remaining 111 convicted trafficking offenders did not receive prison sentences.
According to UNODC, all the persons convicted of trafficking in 2005 and 2006 were Romanian. Many of the Romanian victims identified by State authorities and reported above were repatriated, with some repatriation conducted by the International Organisation for Migration.
Latest initiatives/activities related to anti-trafficking policy you would like to share with other Members of the Informal Network
Starting with 17th January 2013, ANITP will provide, for six months, within the Twinning project (IPA 2010) “Improving the identification of trafficking victims“ expertise to the Croatian authorities in order to improve the identification of victims of trafficking, with a focus on sexual exploitation and forced labor.
The overall objective isto enhance the capacities of key stakeholders in combating trafficking in human beings; thus raising the level of protection of victims of trafficking in the Republic of Croatia in order to meet EU standards.
In 2012, at the initiative of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons was signed a new Protocol of cooperation for implementing the project “Coordination of trafficking victims in criminal proceedings" between the following institutions: National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons, Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism within Public Ministry, Probation Directorate within Ministry of Justice and Inspectorate General of Romanian Police, Inspectorate General of Border Police, Inspectorate General of Gendarmerie, Inspectorate General for Immigration all within the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Through this new protocol, the signatory parties aim to develop the activities established by the old protocol with general objective to exceed the good results obtained in the period 2009-2012.
National Referral Mechanism
The National Referral Mechanism was approved through Order 335 from 29 October 2007 and entered into force at 17 December 2008.
The mechanism aims to adopt a unitary and coordinated response of all anti-trafficking institutions and organizations which shall lead to the improvement of the early identification of a victim, the capacity and provision of protection and assistance to victims of trafficking, regardless of the institution or organization the victim initially gets in contact with.
The document represents a set of norms designed to identify and refer victims of trafficking with the purpose of ensuring support services.The mechanism contains the fundamental principles and legal framework of actions and measures undertaken by institutional partners of the mechanism, concrete identification methods and referral procedures.
The annex of the document includes the list of indicators that can be used for the primary evaluation of a possible situation of trafficking in persons or for identification of an alleged victim of this crime.
- The low level of resources leading to limited involvement of anti-trafficking institutions and organizations;
- The need for continuous training of professionals working with the identification and referral mechanism.
4. EU AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
International initiatives focus on co-operation with countries of destination for Romanian trafficking victims, particularly neighbouring countries such as Bulgaria, Hungary and the Republic of Moldova.
ANITP has established working relationships with authorities in the United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, Austria, France and the Netherlands. Contacts have also been established with non-governmental organisations in several European countries.
Furthermore, ANITP has continuous dialogue with countries along the trafficking routes. Thus, meetings with officials from Norway, Turkey and Croatia are organised to exchange information, find practical ways of cooperating, and analyse opportunities to develop joint projects in the field of prevention of human trafficking.
The ANITP initiated (in partnership with IOM and the Czech Ministry of the Interior) the “Labour in the Czech Republic” information and prevention campaign, which aimed to inform the public about the risks that may affect people travelling to this region in search of better paid jobs, and the way in which people in a risky situation may ask the authorities and NGOs for assistance. The campaign was conducted during May – September 2008 in the counties with the highest number of victims exploited for labour in the Czech Republic.
Please also see section 3.1.
Future plans in terms of implementation of the directive 2011/36/EU
The National Agency against Trafficking in Personas was assigned to ensure the transposition of the provisions of the Directive 36/2011 into national legislation. Thus, were initiated a series of activities to analyze the state of transposition of the directive into national law. In this respect there were a number of working groups with all institutions involved, both in terms of combating and prevention of this phenomenon. The outcome of these workshops was to finalize the draft correlation table between Directive and national legislation and to start implementing procedures to notify the transposition.
In the same time, the principles and substantial elements of the Directive led to the development of the National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons 2012-2016. The strategy was developed in the framework of a large consultative process, involving all relevant central authorities and civil society organizations.
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Law No. 678/2001 on the Preventing and Combat of Trafficking in Human Beings (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 678/2001 privind prevenirea şi combaterea traficului de personae)
- Law No. 287/2005 for the approval of Government Emergency Ordinance no. 79/2005 which amends Law No. 678/2001 on the Preventing and Combat of Trafficking in Human Beings (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 287/2005 privind aprobarea Ordonanţei de urgenţă a Guvernului nr. 79/2005 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 678/2001 privind prevenirea şi combaterea traficului de personae)
- Criminal Code (updated 2004) (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 286/2009 - Codul Penal)
- Trafficking in adults, Art. 204 - Trafic cu adulţi
- Trafficking in minors, Art. 205 - Trafic cu minori
- Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation, Art. 207 - Trafic de persoane pentru exploatarea prin muncă
- Trafficking in Organs, Art. 207 - Trafic cu organe
- Law No. 682/2002 on witness protection (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 682/2002 privind protecţia martorilor)
- Law No. 211/2004 on measures to ensure protection of victims of offenses (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 211/2004 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea protecţiei victimelor infracţiunilor)
- Law No. 705/2001 on the national system of social assistance (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 705/2001privind sistemul naţional de asistenţă social)
- Law No. 302/2004 on international cooperation of the judiciary on criminal issues (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 302/2004 privind cooperarea judiciară internaţională în materie penală)
- Law No. 272/2004 on the protection and promotion of the rights of the child (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 272/2004 privind protecţia şi promovarea drepturilor copilului)
5.2 National Action Plans
5.3.1 National reports on implementation
5.3.2 Other reports and publications
ANITP has developed the following publications within the PHARE Twinning Project (available at ANITP website):
- “Improving the institutional capacity of the agencies involved in the prevention of trafficking in human beings in line with the current European standards and best practices” in cooperation with Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights Vienna.
- Trafficking in Children in Romania - Study on the recruiting process(2009)
- Sociological Research Handbook On Child Trafficking (2009)
- Conducting Prevention Campaigns in the Field of Trafficking in Human Beings – Practical Guidebook (2009)
- Child trafficking in Romania_en.pdf
- ICMPD Study on the assessment of extent of different types of trafficking in EU countries_en.pdf
- UNODC 2009 Global report on trafficking in persons_en.pdf
- US Trafficking in Persons Report 2010_en.pdf
- US Trafficking in Persons 2012 Romania_en.pdf
- Information Fiche for the meeting of National Rapporteurs_Romania.doc
- US Trafficking in Persons Report 2011_Romania_en
- 5.3.1 National reports on implementation
National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanism
Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform
National Agency against Trafficking in Persons
6, Mihai Voda St., sector 5, Bucharest
Telephone: +40 21 311 89 84
firstname.lastname@example.org (Monitoring Office)
email@example.com (Prevention office)
Str. Pop de Băseşti nr. 49-51, Sc. 2 Ap. 11, Sector 2, Bucharest
Tel/fax: 021 253 29 04
Str. Halmeu, nr. 12-14 ,Sector 2,
CP021118 , Bucharest
Tel: +4021 212 48 68
0751 179 274
Fax: +4021 210 72 55
Str. Cuza Vodă, Nr. 8A, Sc. B demisol Iaşi,
Str. Niculina, nr. 24 Bl. 949, Iaşi.
Tel: +40 332 407 178
Fax: +40 332 407 179
Arad County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: +40 257 210 055
Str. Austrului, nr. 23, Sector 2, Bucharest
Tel: 021 252 73 57
Fax: 021 252 08 15
Str. Renne, Descartes , Nr. 6, Cluj Napoca.
Tel: 0 264/ 598 155
Fax: 0264/ 598 155
Asociaţia Naţională Mutuală România-Franţa “Louis Pasteur” Filiala Craiova
Str. Sfinţii Apostoli nr. 94, Craiova
Tel/ fax: 0351/432 042
Asociaţia Naţională Mutuală România-Franţa “Louis Pasteur” Filiala Brăila
Sediul General - Str. Împăratul Traian nr. 7,Braila
Sediul Social - str. Plevna Nr.12, Bl. A5, Ap.6, Brăila.
Telefon: 0 239/ 612 074
Fax: 0 239/ 631 730
Bethany Social Services Foundation
Str. Biserica Amzei, nr. 29, et. 3, sector 1, Bucuresti, cod 010393
Telephone/Fax: 021/313 5674
Telephone: 021/313 5675
Botosani County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: +40 231 537 993
Str. Gh. Pripu nr. 22-36, Sector 1, Bucharest
Tel: 021/233 21 35
Fax :021/233 21 36
Center for Equal Partnership
Bd. Naţiunile Unite nr.4, bl. 106, sc.A, ap. 11, sector 5, Bucureşti
Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons – Recas - public-private partnership between the Timis County Council and Generatie Tanara
Telephone: +40 256 282 320
Centrul „Raţiu” Pentru Democraţie
Pţa 1 Dec. 1918, nr. 1, Turda, Cluj
Tel: 0264/ 317 555
Fax: 0264/306 350
Centrul Român Pentru Copii Dispăruţi Si Exploataţi Sexual - Focus
Str. Biserica Amzei nr. 29, Et III., Sector 1, Bucharest.
Tel: 021/310 31 16, 021/310 21 16, 021/312 51 16
Fax : 021 312 71 16
Community Support Foundation
Str. Marasti nr.32 bis, Bacau, Romania
Telephone / Fax (004) 0234 585658
Bl. Dorobanţi Bl. 25 ap.12, Deva.
Tel /Fax: 0 254/232 120
Mobil: 0745 068 751
Calea Dorobanţilor, nr 4, Cod 300298
Telephone: 025649094031, 0356 4019 84
Fax: 0256 49 943
Str Varianta Uzinei, nr 1, cod 700013
Telephone: 023227 98 56
Tel/Fax: 0232 27 85 35
Str. Mihai Viteazu nr. 32, Piatra Neamţ
Tel/ Fax :0233 497 942
Fundaţia Filantropia Timişoara
Bl. C.D. Loga, nr. 7, Timişoara
Tel: 0 256/ 309 588
Fax: 0 356/ 801 673
Fundaţia Internaţională Pentru Copil şi Familie
Str. Occidentului nr. 44, Sector 1, CP010982, Bucharest.
Tel. 021 318 85 81
Fax. 021 311 23 05
Fundaţia „Sos Copiii Gorjului”
Str. Tudor Vladimirescu, nr. 75, Târgu Jiu, Jud. Gorj.
Tel: 0253/216 772
Fax: 0253/217 061
Galati County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: +40 236 311 086
Str. Molidului, nr. 8,Timişoara
Tel: 0256/282 320
Fax: 0256/215 659
Iasi County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: +40 232 477 731
Intrarea Cristian Popişteanu, nr. 1-3, sector 1, Bucharest
Telefon: 021/ 313 29 65
Fax: 021/ 312 52 72
Mehedinti County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: + 40 252 324 460
People to People Foundation
Str. Câmpineanu Bl. 2, Sc. C, ap. 14, Piteşti, Argeş
Tel/Fax : 0248/290 686
Romanian Association Against AIDS
Piata Presei Libere 1, corp B2, et. III, ap. 323, Sector 1, 013701, Bucuresti
Telephone: 021 210 07 71, 021 210 07 71
Fax: 021 210 82 51
Save The Children România
Intrarea Ştefan Furtună nr. 3,
Sector 1, Bucharest.
Tel/: (+4)021 316 61 76
Fax: (+4) 021 312 44 86
Str. Milcov nr. 4, Bl. 10, ap. 6, Timişoara
Tel/Fax: 0256/293 176
SatuMare County Council - Centre for assistance and protection of the victims of trafficking in persons
Telephone: + 40 261 768 077
The National Authority for the Protection of the Children’s Rights – centres for abused, neglected, trafficked and migrant children within the County General Directorates for Social Assistance and Child Protection and the County Councils
Telephone: +40 213 100 789
World Vision România
Str. Rotasului, nr. 7,
Sctor 1, Bucharest.
Tel: 021/222 91 01
Fax: 021/224 29 72
ANITP National Agency against Trafficking in Persons IGBP Inspectorate General of the Border Police IGRP Inspectorate General of the Border Police NAPCR National Authority for the Protection of the Children's Rights SIMEV National Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Victims of Trafficking UNODC United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime
- 5.1. Legislation
Table of Contents
- 1. GENERAL INFORMATION
- 2. INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
- 3. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY
- 4. EU AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
- Global launch of the project: Rights of Migrants in Action Dates: 02/10/2014 - 02/10/2014
- Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal Dates: 21/11/2014 - 21/11/2014
- People as a commodity: Trafficking in Human Beings in Europe Dates: 09/12/2014 - 09/12/2014
- more+ »