Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Criminal Law

Criminal Law

Directive 2011/36/EU

Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA

Directive 2011/36/EU applied to United Kingdom

The European Commission has adopted the decision to apply to United Kingdom the Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims.

The Directive 2011/36/EU shall come into force for the United Kingdom from the date of notification of this Decision.

Directive 2011/92/EU

Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA

This Directive establishes minimum rules concerning the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in the area of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children, child pornography and solicitation of children for sexual purposes. It also introduces provisions to strengthen the prevention of those crimes and the protection of the victims thereof.

Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings repealing Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA

COM/2009/136 final, 19 pages

The March 2009 Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, which would replace the Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, aimed at further reconciling discrepancies between laws of the EU Member States on prevention, victim protection and prosecution of traffickers.

Council Framework Decision of 19 July 2002 on combating trafficking in human beings

2002/629/JHA

The adoption on 19 July 2002 of the Framework Decision on combating trafficking in human beings (which is currently being revised) defined human trafficking in terms of sexual exploitation and labour exploitation. The instrument introduced a framework of measures to be adopted at European level. These included aspects of the problem such as criminalisation, the severity and nature of punishments and prosecution as well as protection of and assistance to victims.

Report from the Commission based on Article 12 of Council Framework Decision of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography

COM_2007_716 final, 9 pages

This report concludes that most Member States have adopted the necessary measures to comply with the provisions of the Framework Decision on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. The Commission notes the need to revise the Framework Decision, in particular to deal with offences related to developments in electronic communications technologies.

Council Directive of 29 April 2004 relating to compensation to crime victims

2004/80/EC

This Council Directive of 29 April 2004 ensures that all EU Member States have a national scheme in place which guarantees appropriate compensation to victims of crime, including victims of human trafficking. The Directive also ensures that compensation is easily accessible. Accordingly, Member States should create national systems for cooperation between relevant national authorities.

Council Framework Decision of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings

 2001/220/JHA, 2001, 4 pages

This Council Framework Decision provides for minimum rights for crime victims in criminal proceedings. It sets out provisions whereby victims are guaranteed the right to be heard, the opportunity to participate in the procedures, protection, compensation and access to mediation and to any relevant information. These rights should also be guaranteed when the offence was committed in another Member State.

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