Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

The Way Forward in Establishing Effective Transnational Referral Mechanisms

The Way Forward in Establishing Effective Transnational Referral Mechanisms

“The Way Forward in Establishing Effective Transnational Referral Mechanisms. A Report Based on Experiences in Cases of Human Trafficking in South-Eastern Europe”.

International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), 2012, 162 pages

The report concludes a six-year process (2006-2012) of developing and implementing Transnational Referral Mechanisms (TRMs) within the “Programme to Support the Development of Transnational Referral Mechanisms for Trafficked Persons in South-Eastern Europe (TRM)” and the project: “Enhancing Transnational Cooperation on Trafficking Cases in South-Eastern Europe (TRM-II),” both funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented by ICMPD.

The report provides an overview of the forms and tools of transnational cooperation used in cases of human trafficking in South-Eastern Europe (SEE) with a view to further enhance their implementation within and beyond the region. Although the report specifically targets SEE, it also serves as a useful tool to all countries that have embarked on the process of developing a transnational referral mechanism (TRM) of trafficked persons, or who are considering doing so in the future. By summarising the lessons learned in the process of developing TRMs, this report is a forward-looking document and may serve as an inspiration for moving from theoretical frameworks towards the implementation of concrete actions to further improve the referral of trafficked persons in a wider European context.