United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 292 pages
The Global Report on Trafficking in Persons was launched on 12 February 2009 by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Based on data gathered from 155 countries, the report offers a global assessment of the scope of human trafficking and measures taken to fight it.
It includes an overview of trafficking patterns, legal steps taken in response as well as country-specific information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions.
The report makes the following observations
- The most common form of human trafficking is still sexual exploitation; the victims are predominantly women and girls.
- The second most common form of human trafficking is forced labor, although this may be a misrepresentation because forced labor is less frequently detected and reported than trafficking for sexual exploitation.
- Almost 20% of all trafficking victims are children. In some parts of Africa and the Mekong region, children constitute the majority of all victims.
- Although trafficking may imply people moving across and between continents, most exploitation takes place close to home. Intra-regional and domestic trafficking are the major forms of trafficking in persons.