U.S State Department, 2009, 324 pages
The 2009 TIP Report (covers the period of April 2008 through March 2009) examines the nature and scope of trafficking in human beings worldwide and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it.
The report includes countries of origin, transit and destination for trafficking victims.
Each country is ranked 1-3 according to achievements in preventing and combating human trafficking (Tiers) where 1 is the best.
Major findings of the 2009 TIP Report include:
- In the 2009 Report, all EU Member States are classed in Tier one, except Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Malta, Portugal, Romania and the Slovak Republic (Tier 2) and Latvia (Tier 2 watch list)
- The fight against trafficking passed an important milestone, as more than half of the world’s countries have enacted criminal legislation prohibiting all forms of trafficking in persons
- 26 countries enacted new anti-trafficking legislation, some going beyond the 2000 UN Trafficking in Persons Protocol by offering the victims of trafficking restitution through court proceedings and other protections
- As a result of the global economic crisis, there are two concurrent trends:
- A shrinking global demand for labor and a growing supply of workers willing to take ever greater risks for economic opportunities
- This may lead to increased forced labor cases of migrant workers and women in prostitution.