International Labour Organisation (ILO), 2009, 96 pages
The Report focus on forced labour, including the forced labour that results from trafficking in human beings, in the rapidly changing world economy. It also indicates what has been achieved since the ILO called for intensified action against this serious violation of human rights in 2005.
The report analyses trends, patterns and geographical incidence of forced labour practices, as well as new laws and policies that have come into existence to address these issues. It finds that most countries have legislation that deals with forced labour as a serious criminal offence. It also finds that there has been progress at the policy level; in social protection for those at risk; in adaptation of criminal codes; and in action by ILO constituents. Nevertheless, challenges remain as forced labour continues to exist – especially in developing countries – and has a negative impact on the most vulnerable groups.
The report recommends an integrated approach to policies and programmes. Governments should give higher priority to combating forced labour practices in the private sector as well sustained commitments and resources to seriously address forced labour, in particular in human rights, anti-discrimination, poverty reduction and development programmes.