UNICEF Innocenti Research Center, 2007, 68 pages
The study examines how Europe is responding to child trafficking by assessing the legal, policy and implementation frameworks in place to address the phenomenon.
Covering more than 50 countries in Western and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the study investigates the complexity of child trafficking from its origin to destination. It maps trafficking patterns and target legal and policy responses in these countries. The report also addresses child trafficking in the framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, with a focus on prevention, protection and empowerment.
Key findings of the study:
- Child trafficking occurs in virtually all countries in Europe - across borders and within countries- for a variety of exploitative situations
- Most European countries have created specialised national bodies to coordinate and implement government policies on human trafficking. However, there is a tendency to address child trafficking as a sub-issue of trafficking in human beings rather than to address it in a manner that promotes the safeguard of child rights
- There is a dramatic absence of harmonised and systematic data collection, analysis and dissemination on child trafficking at all levels. The data available are rarely disaggregated by age, gender, national origin or forms of exploitation
- Insufficient attention has been paid in particular to the prevention of child trafficking-identification of root causes and risk groups, and the rights of child victims.
Note that the publication date is indicative.