UNODC Trafficking in Persons 2012
United Nations, December 2012, 102 pages
The Global Report on Trafficking in Persons was mandated by the General Assembly in 2012. The sources for the Report comprised national institutions (88%), international organisations (5%) and NGOs (7%). The Report covers 132 countries. Countries that are not covered are mainly located in Africa and the Middle East.
The report presents the share of victims by gender and age. While the share of child victims detected by region is variable (66% in Africa and the Middle East, 16% in Europe and Central Asia), the report does not identity any clear reason for such regional differences. The portion of children among victims of trafficking in persons has increased since 2003. Women constitute the majority of victims of trafficking in persons globally (55 to 60% between 2007 and 2010).
The report shows that globally 70% of the traffickers are men and 30% are women. However regional averages testify to variations (20% of women in Africa and the Middle East, 77% in East Europe and Central Asia).
The report presents the distribution of victims by form of exploitation. 58% of victims detected are trafficked for sexual exploitation, 36% for forced labour, 0.2% for organ removal, and 6% for other forms of exploitation (such as forced marriage, begging, illegal adoption, participation in armed combat and the commission of crime). Sexual exploitation accounts for the majority of victims in Europe and Central Asia while forced labour is the first reason for such trafficking in persons in destination of Africa and the Middle East. Globally, the proportion of forced labour cases doubled since 2006. The report also indicates an increase in the proportion of organ removal detected cases and a decrease in the proportion of sexual exploitation detected cases.