Directive of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States
(2004/38/EC), 47 pages
The Directive defines the right of free movement for citizens of the European Economic Area which includes the EU and the three European Free Trade Association members (Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein). With this Directive, the right of residence becomes permanent after five years. This permanent residence permit can be seen as a way to a European Citizenship.