Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia, Application no. 25965/04
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Sentenced date: 07/01/2010
In the case of Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia, the applicant, a Russian national, brought a complaint against the Republic of Cyprus and Russia in the European Court of Human Rights in relation to the death of his 20 year old daughter. The European Court of Human Rights found in particular a violation of Article 4 of the European Convention (Prohibition of slavery and forced labour). The Court clarified the positive obligations upon States to investigate allegations of trafficking and to implement measures to prevent and protect people from human trafficking. The Court unanimously found that trafficking fell within the scope of art. 4.
Trafficking in human beings is not specifically referred to in the European Convention and has only ever been considered by the Court on one prior occasion (see Siliadin v France Application 73316/01).