FIDUCIA – New European crimes and trust-based policy
Università degli Studi di Parma (IT)
3.279.628 € (2.699.880 € of EU support)
02/2012 – 01/2015 (36 months)
Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS) (BE), Center for the Study of Democracy (BG), European Public Law Organisation (EL), The European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations (FI), University of London (UK), Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia Tarsadalomtudomanyl Kutatokozpont (HU), London School of Economics and Political Science (UK), Max Planck Gesellschaft Zur Förderung der Wissenschaften (DE), Nusikalstamumo Prevencijos Lietuvoje Centras (LI), University of Oxford (UK), Polis Akademisi (TUBITAK) (PL), Universidad de Salamanca (ES)
Objectives and results
The FIDUCIA project will shed light on a number of distinctively 'new European' criminal acts that have emerged in the last decade as a consequence of technological developments and the increased mobility of populations across Europe.
The objective of the project is to develop policy responses to “new” forms of deviant behaviours that are also highly relevant to responding to 'conventional' forms of criminality. The FIDUCIA concept stems from the idea that public trust (in latin, 'fiducia') in justice is critically important for social regulation, in that it leads to public acceptance of the legitimacy of institutions of justice and thus compliance with the law. The project will investigate whether a change of direction in criminal policy – from deterrence strategies and penal populism to procedural justice and trust-based policy – is desirable, and in what terms.
While traditional research is primarily concerned on 'why people break the law', the focus in FIDUCIA is on 'why people obey to the law'. The FIDUCIA consortium will conduct four case studies of new forms of criminality that reflect – in various ways – the development of supra-national structures and processes across Europe. The four crime categories are: trafficking of human beings; trafficking of goods; the criminalisation of migration and ethnic minorities; and cyber-crimes.
Publications and other resources
- Project website http://www.fiduciaproject.eu