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  • The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

    Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, entered into force on 2 September 1990.

    The Convention is the most widely ratified human rights convention. The Convention deals with the child-specific needs and rights.

    • There are specific protection rights in the Convention which include protection from all forms of child abuse, neglect, exploitation and cruelty.
    • Articles 34 and 35 of the Convention say governments should protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse and take all possible measure to ensure children are not abducted, sold or trafficked. 
    • The provisions in the Convention are augmented by the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.

    To this date, 194 countries have ratified the Convention, including every member of the United Nations except the United States. Somalia has currently not ratified it, but its government announced that it would shortly do so.