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Labour Law and Free Movement of People Last update : 16.06.2014

  • Directive of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States

    (2004/38/EC), 47 pages

    The Directive defines the right of free movement for citizens of the European Economic Area which includes the EU and the three European Free Trade Association members (Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein). With this Directive, the right of residence becomes permanent after five years. This permanent residence permit can be seen as a way to a European Citizenship.

  • Directive of 18 June 2009 providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals

    Directive 2009/52/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 June 2009 providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals, 9 pages

    The Directive aims to counteract illegal immigration by targeting the employment of non-EU nationals who are illegally staying in the European Union. The Directive provides for minimum common standards on sanctions and other measures (such as disqualification from public benefits) and, in serious cases, criminal penalties against employers of said nationals.