Criminal Law Last update : 15.06.2012
Council Framework Decision of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, 5 pages
The purpose of this Framework Decision is to approximate the laws and regulations in Member States in order to combat the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. The Framework Decision introduces a base of common provisions on criminalisation, sanctions, aggravating circumstances, jurisdiction and assistance to victims.
Council Framework Decision of 19 July 2002 on combating trafficking in human beings
The adoption on 19 July 2002 of the Framework Decision on combating trafficking in human beings (which is currently being revised) defined human trafficking in terms of sexual exploitation and labour exploitation. The instrument introduced a framework of measures to be adopted at European level. These included aspects of the problem such as criminalisation, the severity and nature of punishments and prosecution as well as protection of and assistance to victims.
Council Framework Decision of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings, 4 pages
This Council Framework Decision provides for minimum rights for crime victims in criminal proceedings. It sets out provisions whereby victims are guaranteed the right to be heard, the opportunity to participate in the procedures, protection, compensation and access to mediation and to any relevant information. These rights should also be guaranteed when the offence was committed in another Member State.
Council Decision of 29 May 2000 to combat child pornography on the Internet, 2000, 5 pages
With this Council Decision, the European Union aims to prevent and combat the production, processing, distribution and possession of child pornography on the Internet.
In order to intensify the measures to prevent and combat this crime, established focal points should be established for communication between Member States together with other channels such as Europol and Interpol. A dialogue between Member States and the industry should further eliminate child pornography on the Internet.
Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA.
The purpose of this Directive is to ensure that victims of crime receive appropriate information, support and protection and are able to participate in criminal proceedings.