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  • Addressing demand in anti-trafficking efforts and policies

    Trafficking in human beings is a complex and constantly evolving phenomenon. As a crime and a grave violation of human rights, it is profitable in part because of the demand for cheap goods and services which fosters an environment where people are exploited for profit. It is therefore crucial that a comprehensive assessment be made of thecurrent efforts and approaches to reducing this demand and exploring ways of further enhancing their effectiveness.

    Interdisciplinary and comparative research should investigate the different approaches towards addressing and reducing demand in anti-trafficking efforts in Europe, in order to better understand how the effectiveness of current EU and national policies and legislation can be enhanced. A wide range of perspectives, including those of public authorities, civil society organisations and the media should be taken into account. In particular, research should elaborate further on the following aspects:

    • The impact of migration policies, regulation of the labour market, legislation on prostitution and social inclusion opportunities, on the demand for the services provided by victims of trafficking in human beings, and their interactions with forms of multiple discrimination, including on grounds of gender and ethnicity;
    • The way in which states address demand through legislation, especially by criminalising demand or certain types of demand, including an analysis of the results to date;
    • The role of Information Communication Technologies (ICT), in particular the internet, in fostering and reducing demand;
    • The effects of different awareness raising campaigns on demand at both national and European level;
    • The specific effects of large events, such as sporting events, should be considered.
    • The impact of shifts in the economic and financial landscape on demand, such as the current economic crisis, could also be assessed.


    Funding, Demand reduction, NGO and Civil Society, Migration, Gender, Internet