The EU policy section provides an overview of EU policy to address trafficking in human beings. It contains information from the European Commission, the European Parliament and other EU institutions and agencies.
The European Union's policy for addressing trafficking in human beings is comprehensive focusing on prevention, protection of victims, prosecution of criminals, and the developing partnerships with the various actors involved. This approach is human rights based, victims centred, gender specific and child sensitive.
This approach is reflected in the EU Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims of 5 of April 2011 (which replaces the 2002 framework decision).This Directive brings robust provisions on victim's protection, including national mechanisms for early identification and assistance of victims and supports the principle of non-punishment and unconditional assistance. It also obliges Member States to appoint National Rapporteurs or Equivalent Mechanisms.
An important policy instrument that follows from the Directive on trafficking is the EU Strategy towards the eradication of trafficking in human beings 2012-2016. The Strategy expands on issues identified in the Directive and is consistent with its comprehensive approach. It focuses, therefore, on prevention, protection, prosecution and partnerships and also on ways to increase knowledge on emerging concerns related to trafficking in human beings.
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European Parliament Resolution of 17 January 2006 on strategies to prevent the trafficking of women and children who are vulnerable to sexual exploitation (2004/2216 (INI))
Publication date : 17.01.2006
The European Parliament adopted a resolution on strategies to prevent the trafficking of women and children who are vulnerable to sexual exploitation. Parliament felt that it is necessary to address the prevention of trafficking not only through more+
Report from the Commission based on Article 12 of Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA of 22 December 2003
Publication date : 16.11.2007
Report from the Commission based on Article 12 of Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography (16/11/2007 - COM/2007/716 final), 9 pages This report concludes more+
EU states slow to respond to trafficking in human beings
Publication date : 15.04.2013
23.632 people were identified or presumed victims of trafficking in the EU over the 2008-2010 period. This is the most striking figure emerging from the first report on trafficking in human beings in Europe, published by the European more+
Study on children`s involvement in criminal judicial proceedings
Publication date : 06.06.2014
European Commission, 06/06/2014 On the 06th of June 2014, Justice Ministers from the Member States agreed on a general approach (an informal agreement) for measures that will guarantee special safeguards for children during criminal court more+
Guardianship for children deprived of parental care: A handbook to reinforce guardianship systems to cater for the specific needs of child victims of trafficking
Publication date : 30.06.2014
On 30 June 2014, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) releases a handbook to strengthen national guardianship systems for children in Europe, as part of the EU’s anti-trafficking strategy which recognises the vital role guardians play in more+
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