Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings




High Level Conference Marks Ninth EU Anti-Trafficking Day

On 20 October 2015, the European Commission in cooperation with the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the European Union organised a high-level conference to mark the Ninth EU Anti-Trafficking Day.

The conference focused on the implementation of the ambitious EU legal and policy framework to address trafficking in human beings that is anchored in human rights, victims centred, gender-specific and child sensitive. The EU Anti trafficking Day - instituted for 18th October in 2007 - serves as an occasion to reinvigorate Europe-wide commitment for eradicating trafficking in human beings.

Study on high-risk groups for trafficking in human beings

The study found that two crucial individual factors - a history of abuse and a vulnerable emotional state - could often be traced back to a dysfunctional family situation, underpinned by material deprivation. Trends identified included that ever younger children are becoming victims of trafficking, growing numbers of girls from Nigeria being the victims of sexual exploitation, an increase in the number of unaccompanied asylum‑seeking children who are at risk of being trafficked, a growing number of cases of children with cognitive and developmental disabilities being victims of trafficking, and a growing share of boys for both sexual and labour exploitation.


In occasion of the 9th EU Anti-Trafficking Day, on the 18th of October 2015, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), in close cooperation with the European Commission, publishes the report: Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union.

This report explores the key features of guardianship systems across all EU Member States that have been established to meet the needs of children without parental care. It includes those at risk of becoming victims of human trafficking or other forms of violence and exploitation.


A handbook to reinforce guardianship systems to cater for the specific needs of child victims of trafficking.

On 30 June 2014, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) releases a handbook to strengthen national guardianship systems for children in Europe, as part of the EU’s anti-trafficking strategy which recognises the vital role guardians play in protecting children from harm.No child should feel alone and abandoned by the State they live in,” says FRA Director Morten Kjaerum. “Guardians exist to protect children in the absence of parents. However, their role and work varies from across the EU. This handbook provides the much needed guidance that should help strengthen guardianship systems across the EU to better protect all children who are at risk.”

Study on prevention initiatives on trafficking in human beings

The study examined 43 prevention initiatives, of which a share of 40% concerned actions in Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. The vast majority of the (cca 85 %) in the given sample targeted information and awareness‑raising measures, followed by capacity‑building and research and education programmes. Among the key findings of the study is that there is no go-standard for assessing the impact of prevention actions but rather a comprehensive and contextual approach should be followed. The study found that more can be done on research and education that addresses the link between the organised crime dimension of THB and the supply/demand dynamics, as well as the training of police officers, judges and prosecutors with regard to capacity‑building initiatives


Directive 2011/36/EU

The European Commission welcomes the publication on 5 April 2011 of the new EU directive 2011/36/EU on prevention and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJ L 101, 1 15.4.2011). The adoption follows a Commission Directive proposal last spring, with binding legislation to prevent trafficking, to effectively prosecute criminals, and to better protect the victims, in line with the highest European standards.