European Anti-Fraud Office



In its role of coordinating the fight against fraud at EU level, OLAF cooperates closely with its counterparts, including police, customs and judicial bodies, both within the EU and beyond its borders. The aim being to ensure a rapid exchange of information and swift follow-up actions.

Anti-fraud coordination service (AFCOS)

What is an AFCOS?

EU Member States are required to designate an AFCOS in accordance with Article 3(4) of Regulation 883/2013 to facilitate effective cooperation and exchange of information, including information of an operational nature, with OLAF.

Member States are autonomous in deciding where to best place the AFCOS within their national administrative structure. The placement of AFCOS should provide for its visibility and importance in relation to other relevant authorities in the field of protection of the EU's financial interests. Some Member States placed their AFCOS either within the Ministry of Finance or the Ministry of Interior; some established it as an independent Government's service.

What do AFCOS do?

The mandate of the AFCOS may vary, depending on country-specific circumstances. In all cases however, the AFCOS should have the mandate for:

  • Ensuring co-operation with OLAF as required by Article 325 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU.
  • Co-ordinating, within the country, legislative, administrative and investigative obligations and activities related to the protection of the EU’s financial interests as appropriate;

Examples of activities

  • ensuring the fulfilment of all the obligations under Regulation 2185/1996 on on-the-spot checks
  • helping cooperation between national administrations, prosecution authorities and OLAF
  • sharing information on irregularities and suspected fraud cases with national authorities and OLAF
  • dissemination of information
  • leading the creation/implementation of national strategies to protect EU’s financial interests (and promoting the related administrative/legislative changes)
  • identifying possible weaknesses in national systems for managing EU funds and initiating appropriate remedial measures

Investigative independence

Apart from its administrative coordination role, AFCOS established as a functionally independent body or a service within an existing institution may be vested with investigative powers.

An AFCOS with investigative powers should ideally have a legal mandate which guarantees its independence in investigative matters.

Legal basis

List of Member States' Anti-Fraud Coordination Services (AFCOS)

List of AFCOS (last update: 02.02.2016)

For any updates to this list, please contact Anna Giglio (OLAF Unit D.3):

Administrative Cooperation Arrangements with EU Member States' authorities'

OLAF has signed a number of Administrative Cooperation Arrangements (ACAs) with EU Member States' authorities in order to facilitate practical day-to-day cooperation.

List of signed ACAs