"MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy"
The "MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy" series provides in-depth analyses of relevant agricultural trade and agri-trade policy issues.
"Distribution of EU agri-food imports by import regimes (2014)" [897 KB] (December 2015)
The EU has already implemented or recently concluded several Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). Negotiations are on-going with key trade partners and will result in further liberalisation of agri-food trade. In 2014, 38% of EU agri-food imports benefited from preferential treatment (duty free or reduced duties), corresponding to almost € 40 billion. Taking together preferential imports at zero duty and duty-free imports under Most Favoured Nations tariffs, about 71% of all agri-food imports entered the EU at zero duty, representing a value of € 72 billion trade.
"Agri-food trade in 2014 – EU-US interaction strengthened" [2 MB] (July 2015)
EU agri-food exporters in 2014 maintained net surplus of € 18 billion, despite the Russian import ban. 2014 trade statistics in particular indicate a growing importance of the US market for EU agri-food trade.
"Agricultural trade in 2013: EU gains in commodity exports" [2 MB] (June 2014)
This publication provides a detailed overview of EU agricultural and food trade in 2013, with a focus on key partners and key products.
In 2013, EU agricultural exports reached €120 billion in 2013, allowing the EU to become the world's number one exporter of agricultural and food products. While the EU is a renowned exporter of high value added final products, in 2013 the export growth can largely be attributed to commodities, with booming cereals (wheat and barley) exports to Middle East-North African countries alone accounting for over two thirds of the total export gain.
In absolute value, EU total agri-food exports increased the most to China, which, together with Saudi Arabia continued to be the fastest-growing exports markets for the EU. On the other hand, EU sales to its top partner, the US, showed only a modest growth, but imports (of animal feed particularly) from the US increased sharply.
"Agricultural trade in 2012: A good story to tell in a difficult year?" [3 MB] (May 2013)
In 2012, the EU hit a new record in agricultural trade surplus: €12.6 billion. While its imports hardly budged, the exports put the EU just inches behind the US in the ranking of world top agricultural exporters. The increase in exports and a resulting all-time high surplus indicate that the growth in demand for EU products is essentially driven by export markets (especially developing economies) rather than by the economically depressed EU domestic market. In addition, depreciation of the Euro against major currencies has also helped the EU to boost its sales.
The EU also hit a new record in sales to its top partner, the US, which accounted for some 13% of EU total agricultural exports. Although in 2012 the largest absolute gain in exports was achieved in the US, the fastest growing markets were China and Saudi Arabia.
"The EU and major world players in fruit and vegetable trade" [2 MB] (July 2012)
This MAP provides a statistical snapshot on trade developments in fruit and vegetables of the EU and selected key partners (Russia, Turkey and China). Over the last decade the EU has been constantly recording a trade deficit in fresh and processed fruit and vegetables, totalling to € 9.8 billion in 2011. However, a closer look at the balance reveals that this figure is mainly due to a deficit in trade in the fruit sector, and particularly in tropical fruit. In contrast, trade in vegetables, both fresh and processed, is rather balanced.
"Agricultural trade in 2011: still holding strong" [14 MB] (May 2012)
2011 was another year of strong EU agricultural export performance in value terms, resulting in all-time high sales. Imports were on the up as well. The export growth of 16%, being on a par with the import growth, has allowed the EU to keep up the level of agricultural trade surplus comparable to that of 2010. The € 7 billion surplus, €770 million higher than in the previous year, is linked to the achievement of a positive trade balance for final products.