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Trade analysis

Trade and international policy analysis

On these pages you find information about international aspects of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy, statistics and analyses of agricultural trade as well as analyses of agricultural policy developments in countries outside the EU.


"Monitoring EU Agri-Food Trade" provides monthly data on EU agri-food exports and imports.

>> Go to "Monitoring EU Agri-Food Trade"


With combined imports and exports of EUR 226 billion in 2014, the EU is the world's foremost trader in agri-food products, benefiting producers and consumers within and outside the EU.

>> Go to the EU agricultural trade balance pdf - 142 KB [142 KB]  


See agricultural trade statistics for detailed data, tables and graphs on EU trade in agri-food products with various partners.

>> Go to the statistics


Detailed analysis on how the EU agri-food trade flows have changed in the past year with regard to partners and traded products is provided in annual publications, which also summarize the agri-food trade performance of the world key players.

The latest report highlights that the EU further expanded agricultural trade in 2014, despite the Russian import embargo.

Annual export values increased by 1.6% and annual import values grew by 2.1%, affirming the EU's new status as the most important actor on agricultural world markets simultaneously as supplier and buyer.

The analysis reveals that the EU offers a diverse array of competitive products at all levels of the agricultural value chain. The EU's import basket in turn is dominated by commodities and other primary products.

2014 figures for the EU confirm the growing importance and strengthened links with the US in agri-food trade.

The largest absolute annual export value increases were registered for the product categories "infant food", "milk powders and whey" and "wheat", all of which already belonged to the European export flag ships in previous years.

>> Go to the report 


The international dimension of agricultural policy is part and parcel of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). This is set out in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Articles 39 and 40), that specifically targets the stabilizing of imports and exports as a means to address market volatility, and deliver on the objectives of the CAP.

Various studies and analytical papers on agricultural as well as trade policies affecting agriculture are available here:

>> Go to the studies


Key policies that have a direct bearing on the international aspects of agricultural policy include:



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