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From strategy to action:
The various methods of project selection
1.1 Several possible forms of intervention
There are many ways of selecting projects. A call for proposals, followed by their selection, is only one such way. Besides this method, there are:
- the actions initiated and implemented by the LAGs themselves, in particular everything concerning coordination, information, training, etc. at the service of development;
- the actions carried out by a service provider (local or external) following a past mutual agreement with the LAG.
The relative importance of these types of intervention varies considerably between LEADER groups: some LAGs devote a large part of their activities to direct intervention, sometimes representing up to 80% of their budget. This is occasionally the case in the most underprivileged areas, where preliminary coordination and mobilisation work is vital in order to "flush out" the potential project leaders, who are often few in number. It then involves coming up with projects of an essentially demonstrative nature. This may also be the case in the most dynamic areas, where the aim would, for example, often be to structure collective approaches, enabling actors from different sectors of activity to work together.
In other contexts, the process of project selection by way of a call for proposals occupies a more important position: this is the case of areas able to rely on the awakening of a certain "entrepreneurial culture" and a large number of potential project leaders.