New Member States
On 1st May 2004 Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia have become full members of the European Union.
Chapter VII of the Accession Treaty [pdf, 90 KB] completed by Commission Regulations (EC) No 27/2004 [pdf] and (EC) No 141/2004 [pdf] defines for the period 2004-2006 a special rural development regime for these countries. This regime is mainly based on a new Temporary Rural Development Instrument (TRDI), funded by the EAGGF Guarantee, to support the four so-called "accompanying measures" (agri-environment, early retirement, afforestation and compensatory payments for less favoured areas and areas subject to environmental constraint) and the following specific rural development measures:
In addition to these measures the new Member States will benefit from a Leader-type measure to be funded by the EAGGF Guidance.
All other non accompanying measures that already form part of the acquis are also available for the new Member States:
Except for the agri-environment measure, which is mandatory, any of the 29 above-mentioned measures may form part of the rural development programming documents at the choice of the new Member States.
In the Objective 1 regions (covering most of the territory of the new Member States) there will be two types of programming:
Outside Objective 1 (mainly Cyprus) there will only be the RDP funded by the TRDI.
In order to facilitate the switch from Sapard (pre-accession programme for agriculture and rural development) to post-accession rural development measures the European Commission held a seminar in March 2003 [Agenda (pdf) / Minutes (pdf)] and produced guidelines [pdf, 430 KB] for that purpose.
New Member States
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