What are Standard Results?

The standard results are a set of statistics, computed from the Farm Returns, that are periodically produced and published by the Commission. These are available in a Public Database. They describe in considerable detail the economic situation of farmers by different groups throughout the European Union.

By regularly presenting the Standard Results, the Commission accomplishes one of the two basic aims of FADN, wich is evaluating the income of agricultural holdings.

The definition of variables Top

The Commission has defined each variable in the Standard Results, attempting to ensure a close correspondence between the definitions of its own variables and those of other organisations producing agricultural statistics. The Commission has also defined a method to derive main income and capital variables. A detailed definition of all these variables is available in a separate publication (RI/CC 882 before accounting year 2014 and RI/CC 1750 from accounting year 2014).

Financial variables expressed in EUR/ECU Top

All results are given in € (EUR/ECU). This enables the results for individual Member States to be aggregated to the level of the European Union and the results of two or more Member States to be compared.

A conversion rate (national currency - EUR/ECU) is calculated for each Member State for each FADN accounting year and is the average of the monthly exchange rates. These monthly exchange rates are calculated by Eurostat and made available as part of the CRONOS data bank.

Standard groupings Top

The unit responsible for FADN within the Commission has established a set of standard groupings for which for each accounting year the Standard Results are computed, as follows:

(1) different Types of Farming (TF) at the level of the European Union which are shown in the next table:
Version :
General TF
1Specialist field crops
2Specialist horticulture
3Specialist permanent Crops
4Specialist grazing livestock
5Specialist granivore
6Mixed cropping
7Mixed livestock
8Mixed crops-livestock
9Non classifiable

Version :
4Other permanent crops
6Other grazing livestock
Version :
13Specialist COP
14Specialist other fieldcrops
20Specialist horticulture
31Specialist wine
32Specialist orchards - fruits
33Specialist olives
34Permanent crops combined
41Specialist milk
44Specialist sheep and goats
45Specialist cattle
50Specialist granivores
60Mixed crops
70Mixed livestock
80Mixed crops and livestock

(2) Different economic size classes, at the level of the European Union and for each Member State :
Version :
Size Classes
1< 2 000 EUR
22 000 - < 4 000 EUR
34 000 - < 8 000 EUR
48 000 - < 15 000 EUR
515 000 - < 25 000 EUR
625 000 - < 50 000 EUR
750 000 - < 100 000 EUR
8100 000 - < 250 000 EUR
9250 000 - < 500 000 EUR
10500 000 - < 750 000 EUR
11750 000 - < 1 000 000 EUR
121 000 000 - < 1 500 000 EUR
131 500 000 - < 3 000 000 EUR
14>= 3 000 000 EUR
Version :
ES6 grouping
10 - < 4 ESU
24 - < 8 ESU
38 - < 16 ESU
416 - < 40 ESU
540 - < 100 ESU
6>= 100 ESU

More details about groupings and other relevant information are available in a Reference Database.

FADN Public Database Top

Variables defined in the standard results represent averages. These figures are calculated for each year, per Member State, Type of Farming and Economic Size class. This information can be accessed from a Public Database offering the possibility to view a large set of pictures of different 'average farms' all over the European Union.

For further information visit the Public database.

Publications Top

The unit responsible for FADN within the Commission provides yearly an overview of EU farm economics based on diverse economic and financial indicators. It reviews the state of affairs of EU farms and their evolution by Member State and by type of farming in the last years. Several sector analyses (cereals, dairy, pig, beef and veal) are also carried out each year studying both margins per unit of product and farm income. Reports on income evolution, distribution of direct payments and Less Favoured Areas are also regularly published. In addition to the regular reports, the unit responsible for FADN performs specific analyses. These are requested by various units and directorates of the Commission and other European Union Institutions, especially units in charge of the management of agricultural markets, rural development, the evaluation of CAP measures and policy design. The demand for FADN data and ad hoc analyses is continually growing. FADN based analyses play indeed an essential role in whole CAP reform process, i.e. the evaluation of CAP measures and in the impact assessments of policy proposals. The relevant reports can be found at Publications

Contributions Top

The unit responsible for the FADN in the Commission contributes significantly to research projects, evaluations and studies. For further information go to Contributions

Last update: 2 February 2018 |  Top  |  About this site  |  Help