EU agricultural product quality policy development
The Commission has been building a quality policy for years. With a view to improving this policy, it decided to adopt a step-by-step approach. After the consultation phase (the Green Paper) it presented a strategic orientations paper (a Communication) in May 2009 and after further consultations presented legislative proposals and guidelines in December 2010. The legislative proposal was adopted in December 2012 and entered into force on 3 January 2013.
3 January: The new Quality Regulation enters into force.
3 October: The Milk Package enters into force.
1 August: Application of the new PDO/PGI policy in wine as defined in Regulation (EU) 479/2008 .
28 May: Adoption of a Communication on agricultural product quality laying down strategic orientations. Subject to the opinion of the Council of ministers and of other Institutions, it may lead to legislative proposals by 2010.
31 December: End of the public consultation on the Green Paper. 560 contributions were received.
15 October: Adoption of the Green Paper on agricultural product quality : Product standards, farming requirements and quality schemes; launch of the public consultation.
29 April: Adoption of the reform of the EU wine market.
15 January: New legislation on spirit drinks .
22 October: Adoption of the "Single CMO"
28 June: Adoption by the Council of the EU of a new Regulation on organic production and labelling.
5-6 February: Conference on "Food Quality Certification – Adding Value to Farm Produce".
20 March: Adoption by the Council of the EU of a new Regulation on geographical indications and designations of origin and a new Regulation on traditional specialities .
30 January: Approval by the Council of the EU of a new Regulation laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union .
26 June: Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy agreed. 'This reform is our answer to the demands of our citizens for healthy food, more quality, environment and animal-friendly production methods, the maintenance of our natural living conditions and the care of our countryside' (final compromise from the Council Presidency).
17 May 1999: Adoption of the new Common Market organisation (CMO) for wine .
14 July 1992: Adoption of the first European legislation on geographical indications and protected designation of origin for agricultural product and foodstuffs and on certificates of specific character for agricultural products and foodstuffs .
25 June 1991: Adoption of the first European legislation on organic farming .
10 June 1991: Adoption of the first European legislation laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of aromatized wines, aromatized wine- based drinks and aromatized wine-product cocktails .
29 May 1989: Adoption of a Council regulation laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of spirit drinks .
29 July 1988:In a Communication on "The future of rural society" , the Commission acknowledged that "it is only for wine that specific rules protecting geographical indications have so far been enacted. […] General quality-linked protection of geographical indications, also covering origin designations, is needed for other food products."
16 March 1987:Reform of the common organisation of market in wine and adoption of special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specified regions .
15 July 1985:Adoption of a Green Paper on the perspectives for the Common Agricultural Policy suggesting the "creation of the legal framework needed for the harmonization of the quality standards […], to facilitate […] marketing and consumer information (e.g., labelling)". The Green Paper was followed by the adoption of Commission guidelines "A future for Community agriculture" .
1960's and 1970's
Creation of Common Market organisations (CMO) for several agricultural products, including wine, and definition of marketing standards for some of them: beef and veal, eggs, fresh and processed fruit and vegetables, honey, hops, milk and milk products, olive oil, pig meat, poultry, sheep meat, sugar, wine, cocoa and chocolate products, coffee extracts and chicory extracts, fruit juice, fruit jams, jellies and marmalades, etc., spirit drinks, and butter, margarine and blends.