Data and statistics
This report provides an overview of the development in the organic farming sector in recent years. Based on Eurostat statistical information and other sources, it analyses certified organic and in-conversion areas, number of certified organic and in-conversion holdings, breakdown of crop area, livestock, marketing channels and retail sales of organic products, farm-gate and consumer prices for organic and comparable conventional products and, finally, agri-environmental programmes, which support organic farming.
Organic farming in the EU27 covered 7.8 million hectares in 2008, up by 7% compared with 2007. Over a longer time period, the data available for the EU25 show an increase of 21% in the total organic area between 2005 and 2008.
In 2008, the five Member States with the largest organic area in the EU27 were Spain (1.3 mn ha), Italy (1.0 mn ha), Germany (0.9 mn ha), the United Kingdom (0.7 mn ha) and France (0.6 mn ha).
In 2007, the total organic area accounted for 4.1% of the total utilised agricultural area2 in the EU27. The highest proportions of organic area were recorded in Austria (15.7% of the total agricultural area), Sweden (9.9%) and Italy (8.9%).
For further information, please visit the Eurostat database on organic farming which includes data on operators, crop area, crop production, livestock and animal products.