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What is the current situation of the European Union's wine sector?

"E-Bacchus"  bgcsetlvlthumtplrosksl is a database which,

  • consists of the Register of designations of origin and geographical indications protected in the EU in accordance with Council Regulation 1234/2007;
  • lists non-EU countries' geographical indications and names of origin protected in the EU in accordance with bilateral agreements on trade in wine concluded between the EU and the non-EU countries' concerned
  • lists the traditional terms protected in the EU in accordance with Council Regulation 1234/2007.

Last modifications of E-Bacchus database [pdf]

The EU is a leading producer of wine. Producing some 175m hl every year, it accounts for 45% of wine-growing areas, 65% of production, 57% of global consumption and 70% of exports in global terms.

Since the introduction of the common market organisation (CMO), the wine market has developed considerably. In brief, it has been characterised by a very short initial period of equilibrium, followed by a very marked increase in production against a constant level of demand, and finally, a continuous decline and a very noticeable qualitative change in demand from the 1980s. These changes have been dealt with by significantly developing the CMO.

It started out very liberal, with no curbs on plantings and very few market regulation instruments (the aim being to confront the annual variations in production). It then coupled freedom on plantings with the virtually guaranteed sales, thus generating serious structural surplus. From 1978 it became very interventionist with the ban on planting and the obligation to distil the surplus. Towards the end of the 80s financial incentives for giving up vineyards were reinforced.

The 1999 reform of the CMO for wine strengthened the goal of achieving a better balance between supply and demand on the Community market, giving producers the chance to bring production into line with a market demanding higher quality and to allow the sector to become competitive in the long term - especially in the face of increased global competition following GATT - by financing the restructuring of a large part of present vineyards.

This reform proved insufficient to reduce wine surpluses and considerable sums still had to be spent on disposing of them. A new reform of the wine market was needed.

The reform adopted by the EU in 2008 has the following goals:

  •  making EU wine producers even more competitive - enhancing the reputation of European wines and regaining market share both in the EU and outside

  •  making the market-management rules simpler, clearer and more effective – to achieve a better balance between supply and demand

  •  preserving the best traditions of European wine growing and boosting its social and environmental role in rural areas.

After 2015, current EU restrictions on planting vines will be lifted, enabling competitive producers to increase production.


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Notices for the public


Statistics and Data

Production Potential

Third Countries

Management Committee


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High Level Group on planting rights

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Reform of the wine sector

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Labelling of allergens - authorized languages - Information communicated by Member States as regards the authorised languages for the labelling of allergens and Terms referred to in Article 51 of Regulation (EC) No 607/2009 that may be used [pdf]

"Contains sulphites" in EU languages

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Reports and studies:

"Évaluation des mesures appliquées au secteur vinicole dans le cadre de la Politique Agricole Commune" fr

"Experience gained with the implementation of the wine reform of 2008" (10/12/2012)

Information notice [pdf fr]


"Promotion of wines on third-country markets" (11/2011)

Working document [pdf fr]


"Results of the accession negotiations - wine" [pdf] (07/2003)


"Results of the accession negotiations - spirits" [pdf] (07/2003)


"Study on the use of the varieties of interspecific vines"[pdf, 2.7 MB!] (07/2003)


Agriculture and Rural Development I Agricultural markets I Top