Single payment scheme (SPS)
This was introduced by the 2003 reform of the Common Agricultural Policy and is the scheme by which farmers receive a decoupled single payment. Prior to the 2003 reform, a farmer could receive a number of specific direct payments, each one associated with a particular line of production of crop and livestock (cereals, milk, beef...). The 2003 reform incorporated these specific direct payments into a single payment and decoupled this payment from the production of crops and livestock. The 2013 reform has continued this orientation, the single payment scheme having been transformed into a basic payment scheme.