EIP Focus Group Soil organic matter content in Mediterranean regions
How can we improve soil organic matter content in the Mediterranean region in a cost-effective way? What new solutions for securing soil functionality and soil fertility can be proposed in this regard?
Reports from the focus group:
- Starting paper [2 MB]
Tasks of the focus group:
Stocktaking of the state of the art of practice, including a summary of problems and issues:
- compare cost effective methods to build up soils naturally (chipped wood, bio char, mulching, direct sowing under cover crops, etc.) / compare different farming sources of carbon that improve soil organic matter content and identify practical factors (e.g. frequency, period and amount of application or the nature of organic matter);
- identify and explore cost effective factors that improve the benefits of applying exogenous sources of organic matter (e.g. frequency, period and amount of application or the nature of organic matter).
Stocktaking of the state of the art of research, including a summary of possible solutions for the problems listed:
- identify and assess different cost effective crop rotation systems that lead to build up Soil Organic Matter content;
- compare different methods to enhance Soil Organic Matter in arable crops;
- compare different methods to enhance Soil Organic Matter in permanent crops;
- list factors or bottlenecks that may limit the use of the identified techniques / systems by farmers and summarize how to address these limiting factors.
Identify needs from practice for further research:
- prepare a gap analysis indicating where new solutions need to be found;
- identify priorities for further research actions.
Priorities for innovative actions:
- suggest potential projects of practical operational groups and other project formats to test new methods for improving soil organic matter content.
Members of the focus group:
- Dimos Anastasiou, farmer; scientist, Greece
- Miquel Aran, farm advisor, Spain
- Jérôme Balesdent, scientist, France
- Gottlieb Basch, NGO; scientist, Germany
- Borbala Biro, scientist, Hungary
- Isabel de Maria Cardoso Gonsalves Mourão, scientist, Portugal
- Edoardo Costantini, farmer; scientist, Italy
- Maria Teresa Dell'Abate, scientist, Italy
- Stéphane Follain, scientist; other, France
- Helena Gomez Macpherson, scientist, Spain
- Carola Konsten, farmer, Netherlands
- Jaume Lloveras, scientist, Spain
- Filipe Marques, farmer, Portugal
- Carolina Clara Martínez Gaitán, scientist; agriculture organization, industry or manufacturing, Spain
- Avraam Mavridis, scientist, Greece
- Jacques Neeteson, scientist, Netherlands
- Christian Pallière, agriculture organization, industry or manufacturing, France
- Antonio Perdigão, farmer, Portugal
- Giampaolo Sarno, farm advisor; other, Italy
- Sideris Theocharopoulos, scientist, Greece