The Common Agricultural Policy after 2013
The Common Agricultural Policy is due to be reformed by 2013. After a wide-ranging public debate the Commission presented on 18 November 2010 a Communication on "The CAP towards 2020", which outlines options for the future CAP and launched the debate with the other institutions and with stakeholders. On 12 October 2011 the Commission presented a set of legal proposals designed to make the CAP a more effective policy for a more competitive and sustainable agriculture and vibrant rural areas.
Since its creation, the CAP has always been adapted to respond to the challenges of its time. Significant reforms have been made in recent years, notably in 2003 and during the CAP Health check in 2008, to modernise the sector and make it more market-oriented. The Europe 2020 strategy offers a new perspective. In this context, through its response to the new economic, social, environmental, climate-related and technological challenges facing our society, the CAP can contribute more to developing intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The CAP must also take greater account of the wealth and diversity of agriculture in the EU’s 27 Member States.
Before setting down any initial policy guidelines for this strategic sector, Commissioner Cioloş launched on 12 April 2010 a public debate on the Common Agricultural Policy’s future, objectives, principles and contribution to the ‘Europe 2020’ strategy to inform the preparatory work for the decision-making process.
In addition to how the CAP can contribute to developing the Europe 2020 strategy, the public debate centred around four main questions:
- Why do we need a European Common Agricultural Policy?
- What are society’s objectives for agriculture in all its diversity?
- Why should we reform the CAP and how can we make it meet society’s expectations?
- What tools do we need for tomorrow’s CAP?
This public debate stayed open for contributions until 11 June 2010. An independent body produced a summary of these contributions (Summary report [358 KB] - Executive summary of contributions [179 KB] ). On 19-20 July 2010, the European Commission held a conclusive conference on the public debate.
Based on the outcome of the public debate and exchanges with the Council and the European Parliament, the Commission presented on 18 November 2010 a Communication on "The CAP towards 2020" which outlines options for the future CAP and launches the debate with the other institutions and with stakeholders.
On 12 October 2011 the Commission presented a set of legal proposals designed to make the CAP a more effective policy for a more competitive and sustainable agriculture and vibrant rural areas.
Following a debate in the European Parliament and the Council, the approval of the different regulations and implementing acts is expected by the end of 2013, with a view to having the CAP reform in place as from 1st January 2014.