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The Common Agricultural Policy after 2013

The Common Agricultural Policy after 2013

After a wide-ranging public debate the Commission presented on 18 November 2010 a Communication on "The CAP towards 2020", which outlines options for the future CAP and launched the debate with the other institutions and with stakeholders.

On 12 October 2011 the Commission presented a set of legal proposals designed to make the CAP a more effective policy for a more competitive and sustainable agriculture and vibrant rural areas.

On 26 June 2013 a political agreement on the reform of the CAP has been reached between the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council.

On 16 December 2013 the Council of EU Agriculture Ministers formally adopted the four Basic Regulations for the reformed CAP as well as the Transition Rules for 2014. This follows on the approval of these Regulations by the European Parliament in November.

On 20 December 2013 the four Basic Regulations and the Transition Rules were published in the Official Journal.

>> Overview of the CAP reform 2014-2020 pdf - 774 KB [774 KB] Deutsch (de) français (fr)

 

Since its creation, the CAP has always been adapted to respond to the challenges of its time. Significant reforms have been made in recent years, notably in 2003 and during the CAP Health check in 2008, to modernise the sector and make it more market-oriented. The Europe 2020 strategy offers a new perspective. In this context, through its response to the new economic, social, environmental, climate-related and technological challenges facing our society, the CAP can contribute more to developing intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The CAP must also take greater account of the wealth and diversity of agriculture in the EU Member States.


Before setting down any initial policy guidelines for this strategic sector, Commissioner Cioloş launched on 12 April 2010 a public debate on the Common Agricultural Policy’s future, objectives, principles and contribution to the ‘Europe 2020’ strategy to inform the preparatory work for the decision-making process.


In addition to how the CAP can contribute to developing the Europe 2020 strategy, the public debate centred around four main questions:

  • Why do we need a European Common Agricultural Policy?
  • What are society’s objectives for agriculture in all its diversity?
  • Why should we reform the CAP and how can we make it meet society’s expectations?
  • What tools do we need for tomorrow’s CAP? 


This public debate stayed open for contributions until 11 June 2010. An independent body produced a summary of these contributions (Summary report pdf - 358 KB [358 KB] български (bg)čeština (cs)dansk (da)Deutsch (de)eesti keel (et)ελληνικά (el)español (es)français (fr)italiano (it)latviešu valoda (lv)lietuvių kalba (lt)magyar (hu)Malti (mt)Nederlands (nl)polski (pl)português (pt)română (ro)slovenčina (sk)slovenščina (sl)suomi (fi)svenska (sv) - Executive summary of contributions pdf - 179 KB [179 KB] български (bg)čeština (cs)dansk (da)Deutsch (de)eesti keel (et)ελληνικά (el)español (es)français (fr)italiano (it)latviešu valoda (lv)lietuvių kalba (lt)magyar (hu)Malti (mt)Nederlands (nl)polski (pl)português (pt)română (ro)slovenčina (sk)slovenščina (sl)suomi (fi)svenska (sv)). On 19-20 July 2010, the European Commission held a conclusive conference on the public debate.


>> More on the public debate


Based on the outcome of the public debate and exchanges with the Council and the European Parliament, the Commission presented on 18 November 2010 a Communication on "The CAP towards 2020" which outlines options for the future CAP and launches the debate with the other institutions and with stakeholders.


>> Read the Commission Communication


On 12 October 2011 the Commission presented a set of legal proposals designed to make the CAP a more effective policy for a more competitive and sustainable agriculture and vibrant rural areas.


>> Read the legal proposals


After almost two years of negotiations between the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, a political agreement on the reform of the Common Agricultural policy (CAP) has been reached on 26 June 2013.


>> More on the political agreement


On 16 December 2013 the Council of EU Agriculture Ministers formally adopted the four Basic Regulations for the reformed CAP as well as the Transition Rules for 2014. This follows on the approval of these Regulations by the European Parliament in November.


On 20 December 2013 the four Basic Regulations and the Transition Rules were published in the Official Journal.


>> Read the Regulations


In order to fully implement the political agreement on the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy reached in June and September by the European Parliament, the Council and the European Commission, the European Commission services have drafted delegated acts. These delegated aim at supplementing non-essential elements of the basic acts covered by the political agreement.


On 11 March 2014 the European Commission adopted the first package of delegated acts.


>> More on the delegated acts