The history of the CAP
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), being one of the oldest policies of the European Union, is strongly rooted in the European integration project. Due to the CAP's long history, it is also a policy that has been reformed on many occasions, in particular during the past decade and a half.
This chapter introduces the CAP from a historical perspective, presenting the different reforms and a selection of some fundamental documents, decisive in the development of the CAP: the early years, the reflection documents and measures taken during the crisis years (the 1970s and the 1980s), the 1992 reform, the Agenda 2000, the 2003 reform, the simplification of the CAP, the 2008 Health Check and the CAP post-2013.
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