Agenda 2000 explicitly established economic, social, and environmental goals within a new reformulated set of objectives for the CAP consistent with the requirements of the Amsterdam Treaty.
This had the aim of giving concrete form to a European Model of Agriculture and preserving the diversity of farming systems spread throughout Europe, including regions with specific problems, in the years ahead.
The Agenda 2000 objectives included:
- more market orientation and increased competitiveness,
- food safety and quality,
- stabilization of agricultural incomes,
- integration of environmental concerns into agricultural policy,
- developing the vitality of rural areas,
- simplification and
- strengthened decentralization.
A new rural development policy was introduced as a second pillar of the CAP. This new policy encouraged many rural initiatives while also helped farmers to diversify, to improve their product marketing and to otherwise restructure their businesses.
- "Proposals for Council Regulations 5EC) concerning the reform of the common agricultural policy" (18/03/1998)
- Commission Communication: "Agenda 2000: The legislative proposals. Overall view" (18/03/1998)
- Commission Communication: "Directions towards sustainable agriculture" (27/01/1999)
- Council Regulations (EC) Nos 1251/1999 to 1259/1999 (arable crops, beef and milk sectors, rural development, horizontal rules for direct support schemes and financing)
For a general overview on the evolution of the CAP and Agenda 2000 reform proposals, read the document "The Common Agricultural Policy - Promoting Europe's agriculture and rural areas: Continuity and change" of 1998.
For a more detailed information on the Commission proposals of March 1998, read the document "Agenda 2000: The future for European agriculture" of 1998.
For aditional information on the measures adopted, read the document "CAP reform: A policy for the future" of 1999.
For the rural development policy, read the document "CAP reform: Rural development" of 2000.