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Note for the file

Subject:   EU-25 Agricultural Trade – Main developments for selected agri-food products during the 1st semester 2006

This note aims at presenting the main developments for the agri-food trade at EU-25 level for the first semester of 2006. Based on a comparison with the corresponding semester of 2005, it shows that exports of all selected products increased from € 13.1 bio to € 14.7 bio in value terms (i.e. +10.4%). Imports also increased in values, though in a minor way, from € 17.8 bio to € 18.3 bio (i.e. +2.5%). As a result net import of agri-food products declined from € 4.7 bio to € 3.6 bio in value terms from one period to the other. EU main partners who contributed to this trade development were on the export side the USA, Russia, Switzerland, Japan and Algeria and, on the import side, Brazil, Argentina and the USA.

When examined per sector, the following developments could be highlighted:

Cereals

Imports decreased in value terms by 19.1 % from € 690.8 mio to € 559.1 mio between the 1st semester of 2005 and the corresponding semester of 2006. The main origin of imports changed from Ukraine (€ 140.8 mio) for the 1st semester of 2005 to Canada for the 1st semester of 2006 (€ 128.1 mio) followed by the USA (€ 81 mio). Exports increased only by 2.2 % (or € 32.7 mio) over the same period, from € 1 484.4 mio to € 1 517.1 mio. The main exporting destination for both periods was Algeria (respectively € 216.2 mio and € 232.5 mio).

In quantity, imports decreased from 5.3 mio t for the 1st semester of 2005 to 3.9 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006, or -26.1 %. The main origins of imports were for the first period Ukraine (1.3 mio t) followed by Argentina and the USA and for the second period Canada (0.7 mio t) and Ukraine (0.7 mio t). Exports increased from one period to the other by 1 mio t to reach 12.4 mio t, or almost 9 %. Exports to Algeria rose from 1.7 mio t to 1.9 mio t.

Rice

Between the 1st semester of 2005 and the corresponding semester of 2006, total rice imports increased by 14.7 % from € 196.6 mio to € 225.6 mio respectively. India was for both 1st semesters the main importing source – in value – and represented respectively € 57.6 mio and € 78 mio (or + € 20.4 mio). Exports dropped to € 43.3 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 from € 49.7 mio in the first semester of 2005 (-12.7%). The main destination for export was Turkey (€ 11.2 mio and € 9.7 mio). Exports to the USA increased by 50 % from € 2.5 mio to € 3.8 mio.

In quantity the EU-25 imports totalled for the same periods 554 000 t and 604 000 t respectively (i.e. a 9.1 % increase or 50 000 t). The USA was the main origin for both the 1st semester of 2005 (144 000 t) and of 2006 (141 000 t). EU-25 exports of rice reached a total of 109 000 t and 75 000 t respectively, a drop of 31%, of which the main destination was Turkey for 25 000 t in the first and 19 000 t in the second period respectively.

Animal feed

Animal feed is the largest imported (aggregated) product for the EU-25. Total imports, expressed in values reached € 5 200 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, i.e. a decrease of 0.7 % or € 37 mio, with Brazil having the largest share with € 1 769.8 mio (-2.1 %). EU-25 exported a total of € 1 024.7 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 and € 1 148.3 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, with Algeria (€ 144 mio and € 170.8 mio) as the most important destination.

In quantity, total EU-25 imports reached 27.2 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006 against 28.9 mio t during the 1st semester of 2005. The decrease in quantity (-5.9 %) was around 8 times that expressed in values. Exports increased from 8.6 mio t to 9.1 mio t. The most important origins for EU-25 imports of animal feed remained situated in the South American region. Brazil exported into the EU–25 8 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 9 mio t during the 1st semester of 2005 respectively. Argentina was the second largest feed exporter to the EU-25 with 8.8 mio t and 7.8 mio t respectively. Where Saudi Arabia was the most important export destination for the EU-25 during the 1st semester of 2005, with 1.4 mio t, Algeria was the main importer of EU-25 animal feed during the same period in 2006, with 1.5 mio t.

Vegetables

In value, imports of vegetables increased only by 3.2% (+ € 27.4 mio) to € 882.4 mio during the 1st semester of 2006. The main origin of import was Morocco with € 278.8 mio and € 241.8 mio respectively. The level of export increased with 20.6% to    € 533 mio coming from € 442 mio. Switzerland was the most important export destination during the first period (€ 130.5 mio) and Russia during the second period (€ 144 mio).

In quantity, 801.000 t and 867 000 t were imported during the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 respectively, with Morocco as primary origin (256 000 t and 282 000 t respectively). The first export destination for both periods was Russia, with 313 000 t and 315 000 t respectively. Exports increased by 3.1 % to a total of 798 000 t.

Fruit

Total EU-25 imports, in value, reached a level of € 3 918.7 mio and € 4 005 mio during the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 respectively. Our main import partner remained for both periods the USA (€ 606 mio and € 654.2 mio). EU-25 exports increased by 24.1 % (or € 161 mio) to reach € 829 mio during the 1st semester of 2006. Primary destination for export was again Russia.

When expressed in quantity, imports represented nearly 3 times the level of exports. The EU-25 fruit imports (respectively 3.7 mio t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 3.4 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006) originated mainly from South Africa with respectively 543 000 t and 439 000 t and from Chile (524 000 t and 503 000 t). EU-25 exports reached respectively 1.1 and 1.3 mio t for those periods and went primary to Russia (408 000 t and 470 000 t).

Preparations of fruit and vegetables

Between the 1st semesters of 2005 and of 2006 imports – in value – increased by 6.8 % from € 844 mio to € 901.8 mio. Turkey had the largest share in the 1st semester of 2005 reaching € 203 mio. Imports from China, first country of origin for the 1st semester of 2006 and second for the 1st semester of 2005, reached respectively € 209.7 mio and € 201 mio. Exports totalled respectively € 709 mio and € 757.9 mio (+6.9%) with the USA (€ 105.5 mio) in the first period and Russia (€ 108.2 mio) in the second period as main destination.

In quantity, 869 000 t and 807 000 t of fruit & vegetables preparations were imported during the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 respectively, i.e. a fall of 7.2 %. More than half of these imports came from China (286 000 t and 237 000 t respectively) and Turkey (213 000 t and 202 000 t respectively). Total exports increased by 8.6 % to 961 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006. Exports to the USA were unchanged at 108 000 t for each period. EU-25 exported 13 % more to Russia, 150 000 t in the 1st semester of 2005 and 170 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006.

Potato

Imports – in value terms – decreased by around € 7.6 mio and fell from € 163.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 156.3 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, with Israel being the largest origin at € 82.8 mio and € 80.9 mio respectively. Exports increased from € 84.7 mio in the first period to € 141.6 mio in the second. Main export destination for potatoes was Russia in both 1st semesters (€ 16.5 mio and € 30 mio respectively).

Expressed in quantity, Egypt was the main origin of EU-25 potatoes imports in the 1st semester of 2005 with 238 000 t, overtaken by Israël in the 1st semester of 2006 with 233 000 t. Imports totalled respectively 521 000 t and 470 000 t for those periods. EU-25 potato exports increased by 13% from 490 000 t to 553 000 t, of which Russia absorbed 183 000 t in the 1st semester of 2005 and 139 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006 as main country of destination.

Olive oil

In value terms, an increase of € 90 mio, or + 30.6%, of olive oil imports for EU-25 was observed (1st semester of 2005: € 293.8 mio; 1st semester of 2006: € 383.8 mio). Tunisia was by far the main country of origin with € 175.7 mio for the first period and € 188.9 mio for the second. A value of € 268.8 mio and € 343.2 mio respectively of olive oil was exported to the USA. Total exports reached € 556.9 mio and € 731.2 mio respectively, or + 31.3%.

In quantity, nearly 100% of all olive oil (118 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 103 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006) was imported from the 4 main countries of origin, of which Tunisia had the largest share (respectively 69 000 t and 49 000 t). The USA, as main destination, captured around 50 % of total EU-25 olive oil exports (respectively 167 000 t and 157 000 t).

Vegetable oils and fats

Imports of vegetable oils & fats increased in value by 31.7 % from € 820.5 mio in the 1st semester of 2005 to € 1 081 mio in the 1st semester of 2006. The largest part came from Indonesia, respectively € 167.7 mio and € 122.3 mio. The second largest country of origin was Argentina in 2005 and the Philippines in 2006 with respectively € 147.1 mio and € 137.8 mio. The EU-25 exports decreased from € 302.2 mio to € 220.6 mio between the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006. The USA was the primary destination (€ 37.9 mio in the first period and € 36.3 mio in the second).

In quantity, EU-25 imports reached 1.5 and 2.1 mio t in the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 respectively. In 2005 the main origin of import was Indonesia (335 000 t), whereas in 2006 350 000 t were coming from Ukraine. EU-25 export level declined from 448 000 t in 2005 to 259 000 t in 2006. Exports to Tunisia fell from 64 000 t to 21 000 t over the period under examination.

Butter and butter fats

Total imports of EU-25 butter & butter fats imports – in value – fell from € 73.1 mio to € 64.9 mio (a decrease of 11.3 %) between the 1st semester of 2005 and that of 2006. The main origin of EU butter & butter fats imports for both periods was New Zealand (respectively € 66.1 mio and € 61.6 mio). Exports also decreased, by 31.9 %, and totalled € 275.3 mio in 2006 (€ 404 mio in 2005). These products were mainly destined to Mexico in 2005 (€ 36.8 mio) and to Russia in 2006 (€ 52.7 mio).

In quantity, 44 000 t and 40 000 t of butter were imported during both periods respectively, mainly from New Zealand. EU-25 exports totalled 228 000 t in the 1st semester of 2005, of which 22 000 t went to Mexico. In the corresponding semester of 2006, out of a total of 145 000 t, 28 000 t were exported to Russia.

Milk and milk products

Imports of milk & milk products rose in value from € 19.6 mio in the 1st semester of 2005 to € 23.4 mio in the corresponding semester of 2006. The main partner on the import side for both periods was Switzerland, with € 10 mio and € 8.6 mio respectively or just over 50 % of total imports for the first period. EU-25 exports decreased from € 1 035.9 mio to € 1 013.3 mio over the same period. The main destination was Saudi Arabia with € 93.3 mio in the 1st semester of 2005 and Algeria with € 100 mio in the 1st semester of 2006.

Information at quantity level should be read with some caution as “milk & milk products” is a mixed aggregate, i.e. adding together kilograms of milk and kilograms of milk powder. In quantity, a total of respectively 37 000 t and 40 000 t was imported, mainly originating from Switzerland (27 000 t and 26 000 t respectively). Total exports decreased from 754 000 t to 718 000 t of milk & milk products, of which Saudi Arabia was the main destination with respectively 55 000 t and 54 000 t.


Skimmed milk powder

EU-25 imports increased just over 50 % from € 6.2 mio in the 1st semester of 2005 to € 9.5 mio in the corresponding semester of 2006. In 2005, € 3.4 mio were imported from the USA. In 2006 US exports to the EU stood at the same level at € 3.5 mio. Exports of SMP dropped from € 222.1 mio in the first period to € 128.5 mio in the second. The main export destination was Algeria with € 47.8 mio and € 24.5 mio respectively.

Expressed in quantity, the USA were the main origin of SMP imports during both periods with twice 2 000 t. Total EU-25 imports increased from 4 000 t to 5 000 t over the same period (+ 33.4 %). EU-25 exports of SMP fell from 127 000 t to 66 000 t between the 1st semester of 2005 and that of 2006 with Algeria as main destination (27 000 t and 13 000 t respectively).

Cheese and curd

The EU-25 imports of cheese and curd stood at € 191.1 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 and € 198.5 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, with the main part, € 114.6 mio and € 118.1 mio respectively originating from Switzerland. EU-25 exports reached € 962.7 mio and € 1 022.9 mio respectively and were mainly destined to the USA (€ 241 mio and € 259 mio respectively).

In quantity, the EU-25 imported during both periods 49 000 t and 48 000 t respectively, i.e. a decrease of 1.6 %. Of these imports 20 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 19 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 came from Switzerland. EU-25 exports increased slightly from 269 000 t to 270 000 t. The main destination was Russia for both 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 with 57 000 t and 68 000 t.

Sugar

Total sugar imports decreased from € 589.6 mio to € 559.8 mio between the 1st semester of 2005 and that of 2006, with Mauritius as the main origin of import – in value – at respectively € 131.7 mio and € 100.3 mio. Sugar exports surged from € 610.2 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 1 293.1 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, an increase of 111.9 %. The main export destinations were Syria and Israel.

In quantity, 1 128 000 t of sugar and 1 115 000 t were imported into the EU-25 during the 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006 respectively, of which 242 000 t and 185 000 t respectively originated from Mauritius. Over the same period, exports increased from 2 832 000 t to 4 297 000 t respectively, or + 51.7%, of which the U.A. Emirates were the main destination during the 1st semester of 2005 (208 000 t) and Syria in the 1st semester of 2006 (408 000 t).

Wine

In value terms, between the first semesters of 2005 and 2006 imports increased with only 0.8% while exports went up with 24%. Imports reached a level of € 1 117.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 (vs. € 1 108.8 mio during the corresponding semester of 2005). The most important origin of imports was Australia with € 380 mio and € 396.9 mio respectively for the same periods followed by South Africa. Exports increased from € 2 005.1 mio to € 2 486.3 mio. Over 40% of EU total wine exports were sent to the USA (€ 864.2 mio and € 1 076.3 mio respectively).

Total imports, in quantity, decreased slightly by 1.6 % (from a total of 5 628 000 hl during the 1st semester of 2005 to 5 540 000 hl during the 1st semester of 2006) with Australia being the main origin of import (1 381 000 hl and 1 491 000 hl respectively) closely followed by Chile. Total exports increased (+ 16.9 %) from 6 223 000 hl to 7 276 000 hl over the same period, of which 1 809 000 hl and 2 080 000 hl respectively were destined to the USA.

Raw tobacco

Raw tobacco imports increased in value from € 803.6 mio in the 1st semester of 2005 to € 886.8 mio in the 1st semester of 2006. Exports went up from one period to the other from € 221.5 mio to € 242.9 mio. The USA was the largest contributor to imports with respectively € 198.4 mio and € 195.9 mio, followed by Brazil. Exports were mainly destined to Russia but decreased from € 46.4 mio to € 36.5 mio.

In quantity, Brazil preceded the USA as main country of origin for EU-25 imports. Out of a total of 270 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 287 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006, some 69 000 t and 68 000 t came respectively from Brazil. EU-25 exported 84 000 t and 85 000 t during the same periods, mainly to Russia (23 000 t and 15 000 t).

Beef (including live animals but excluding offal)

Imports – in value – increased by 8.1 % during the 1st semester of 2006 (€ 770.8 mio) as compared to the corresponding semester of 2005 (€ 713.4 mio). The main contributor was Brazil with € 395.3 mio and € 446.5 mio respectively. Total EU beef exports declined by 12.8%, from € 255.4 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 222.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2006. Total exports to Russia dropped slightly from € 74.2 mio to € 73.6 mio over the same period.

In quantity, Brazil was the largest contributor to the total EU beef imports of 269 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 236 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006, with respectively 175 000 t and 160 000 t. Exported quantities fell from 139 000 t to 107 0000 t over the same period (-23.1%), of which 55 000 t and 48 000 t went to Russia as the largest partner of the EU.

Pork (including live animals but excluding offal)

In value terms, pork exports increased from a total of € 1 367.4 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 1 474.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2006, with € 514.6 mio and € 410.5 mio destined to Japan respectively. The USA was the biggest contributor to EU pork imports with respectively € 4.3 mio and € 6.2 mio to a total level of EU pork imports for both periods of € 17 mio and € 23.3 mio respectively.

In quantity, expressed in carcass weight, imports are negligible compared to exports, as only 7 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 9 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 were imported, of which respectively 2 000 t and 3 000 t came from Chile as main partner, closely followed by the USA. Pork exports increased from a total of 741 000 t in the 1st semester of 2005 to 801 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006. The main destination was Japan in the first period and Russia in the second one where respectively 222 000 t and 254 000 t were exported to.


Poultry meat (including live animals but excluding offal and salted poultry meat)

Poultry meat imports – in value – increased from € 505.7 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 542.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 (+ 7.3%), with Brazil as the main country of origin (€ 302.1 mio and € 305.4 mio respectively). Over the same period, exports reached € 454.3 mio and € 323.7 mio respectively. The main partner was Russia with € 66.3 mio for the 1st semester of 2005 and € 42.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2006.

In quantity, expressed in carcass weight, imports increased from 279 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 to 346 000 t in the second period of reference. Brazil was the main origin for both periods with 207 000 and 165 000 t respectively. Exports fell from 447 000 t to 346 000 t over the same period, of which Russia absorbed 112 000 t and 88 000 t respectively.

Sheep and goat meat (including live animals but excluding offal)

Imports – in value – decreased between the first semester of 2005 and that of 2006. Total imports dropped from € 679.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2005 to € 596.5 mio during the 1st semester of 2006. New Zealand, historically the main country of origin for sheep & goat meat imports, captured around 80 % of total imports (or € 550.9 mio and € 483.9 mio respectively). Exports totalled only € 12.5 mio during both 1st semesters of 2005 and 2006, of which € 5.2 mio and € 6.5 mio respectively went to Switzerland as main destination.

The EU-25 imported – in quantity, expressed in carcass weight – 168 000 t during the 1st semester of 2005 and 157 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006, of which 133 000 t and 127 000 t respectively (around 80 %) came from New Zealand. Exports doubled to around 3 000 t. About 1 000 t during each period were destined to Switzerland.

Published in January 2007

 

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