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EU-N10 MAIN MARKETS for Selected Products - 2005

The aim of these notes is to highlight the most important trading destinations and origins for the EU-N10 for the year 2005. We are thus looking at which partner the EU-N10 exports to and imports from –in value and quantity terms- for 20 selected aggregated products (which -all together- do not cover the WTO- definition of “All Agricultural Products”).

 

Cereals total:

Expressed in values, out of a total import of € Mio 122   17% were imported from Germany (€ Mio 21) making it the largest importing partner for cereals in 2005 for the EU-N10. France was the second country of origin with € Mio 16. The 6 main countries of origin for import, combined, added up to 62,4 % of all EU-N10 imports.

The 6 main exporting destinations reached a combined share of 66,1%. From a total of € Mio 890 that was exported out of the EU-N10, Germany was the largest destination, with € Mio 185 or a share of 20,8% and Spain came second with € Mio 118.

In quantity, out of a total EU-N10 import of 773.000 tons,  110.000 tons (or 14,2%) were imported from France, whereas Germany took on 1.779.000 tons (or 21,5%) on the export side with a total EU-N10 export of cereals of 8.289.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding cereals was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 7.516.000 tons.

Rice:

Italy was the main importing origin -in values- and obtained, on its own, € Mio 61 (or 67,8%) of all EU-N10 imports (total € Mio 90). The 6 main origins reached a total share of 91,7% of all EU-N10 rice imports for the year 2005 expressed in values.

For exports the 6 main destinations for the EU-N10 added up to 87,2% of all rice exports (total € Mio 2,8). Main destination for EU-N10 exports was Croatia (€ Mio 0,8 or 28,7%).

In quantity the EU-N10 imported 236.000 tons, i.e. over 50 times its own export. In quantity, Italy was also the main provider, with 173.000 tons (or 73%). In 2005, EU-N10 exports of rice reached a total of 4.200 tons of which the main destination were the Netherlands that absorbed just over 1.200 tons (29,3%) followed by Croatia with 1.200 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding rice was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 232.000 tons.

Animal Feed:

As is the case for the EU-15, animal feed constituted the most imported (aggregated) product for the EU-N10 in 2005. Total imports reached € Mio 1.022 with Argentina having the largest share (25,2% or around € Mio 257). The 6 main origins combined reached, 82,7% of total EU-N10 imports.

EU-N10 exported a total of € Mio 1.400, with Germany (€ Mio 363 or 25,9%), Italy (€ Mio 141) and the Netherlands (€ Mio 140) as most important destinations.

In quantity, the EU-N10 imported 4.991.000 tons. The main country of origin for EU-N10 animal feed was Argentina with 1.266.000 tons (or 25,4%). The second largest import origin for EU-N10 animal feed for 2005 was Germany with 1.187.000 tons.

The EU-N10 exports totalled 10.413.000 tons. Germany was also the most important export destination for the EU-N10, with 2.618.000 tons (25,1%). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding animal feed was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 5.422.000 tons.

Vegetables:

In 2005 the EU-N10 imported € Mio 503 of vegetables. With € Mio 147 (or 29,3%) from Spain and from the Netherlands € Mio 128. The 6 main countries of origin reached a combined share of 84,1% of all EU-N10 imports. Exports stood at a total of € Mio 372 with Germany as the most important export destination (€ Mio 100 or 26,9%).

In quantity, 711.000 tons of vegetables were being imported, 212.000 tons from the Netherlands (29,8%) and 171.000 tons from Spain. The first export destination for vegetables was Russia with 152.000 tons (or 26,1%) out of a total of 583.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding vegetables was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 128.000 tons.

Fruits:

The EU-N10 imported just over 4 times more fruit than it exported. In value terms, total EU-N10 imports reached a level of € Mio 1.111 with Spain as main importing partner (€ Mio 279 or 25,1%) and Italy as second country of origin with € Mio 222.  EU-N10 exports reached € Mio 260 of which € Mio 75 (or 28,7%) was destined to Russia and € Mio 49 to Germany.

In quantity the EU-N10 imported in total 1.684.000 tons of fruits and 721.000 tons were exported. The EU-N10 fruits imports originated mainly from Spain, for 507.000 tons (30,1%) and from Italy, for about 372.000 tons.

The 6 main export destinations in 2005 for fruits took on 76,1% of all EU-N10 exports of which 247.000 tons (or 34,3%) were going to Russia and 121.000 tons to Germany. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding fruits was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 963.000 tons.

Preparations of Fruits & Vegetables:

Imports -in values- reached € Mio 343, with Germany as the main origin with € Mio 63 (or 18,2%). Exports (total € Mio 651) were destined to Germany (€ Mio 183 or 28,1%) as main export market.

In quantity 383.000 tons of fruits & vegetables preparations were imported, 75.000 tons from Germany (19,3%) and 55.000 tons from Italy. Out of a total export of 866.000 tons, 245.000 tons were destined to Germany (28,3%) and 224.000 tons to Russia. The 6 main countries of destinations for the EU-N10 reached together a share of 75,6%.

The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding fruits & vegetables preparations was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 478.000 tons.

Potatoes:

All 6 main origins of EU-N10 potatoes imports were EU-15 Member states and they accounted -in value terms- for 84,8% of all

EU-N10 imports (total € Mio 49). Germany with € Mio 12,5 accounted for 25,3% of all EU-N10 imports with the Netherlands being the second largest country of origin with € Mio 10. The 6 main export destinations together reached 73,9% out of a total of € Mio 29. Main destination for potatoes was Germany (€ Mio 6 or 21,9%).

Expressed in quantity Germany (35,9% or 93.000 tons) also was the main origin of EU-N10 potato imports which totalled 259.000 tons. EU-N10 potato exports (total 134.000 tons) were mainly destined to Germany (25.000 tons or 18,6%) and Belgium 20.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding potatoes was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 124.000 tons.

 Olive Oil:

For 2005, in values, € Mio 36 of olive oil imports for all EU-N10 countries was observed. The 6 main import origins combined reached over 96% of total olive oil imports with Italy being the main origin (€ Mio 18 or a share of 50%).

€ Mio 1,5 worth of olive oil has been exported of which € Mio 0,4 (or 26,2%) went to Greece.

For quantities a similar picture was observed on the import side. Out of a total EU-N10 import of 11.000 tons, 44,3% or 5.000 tons were imported from Italy. Together the 6 main origin partners for olive oil nearly reached 95,8% of all imports.

Ukraine, as main destination for exports, represented 26,8% (or 150 tons) of all EU-N10 olive oil exports (total 550 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding olive oil was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 10.600 tons.

 Vegetable Oils & Fats:

On the value side € Mio 232 of imports of vegetable fats & oils were observed, of which € Mio 104 (or 44,7%) came from Germany as largest origin country. The Netherlands provided for € Mio 40 as imports. Main destination for exports was Germany (€ Mio 83 or 78,2%) followed Austria, which accounted for € Mio 7 out of a total exports of € Mio 106.

For quantity Germany was the largest origin of imports for vegetable fats & oils for the year 2005. With total EU-N10 imports of 436.000 tons, 200.000 tons (or 45,9%) were being imported from Germany and 93.000 tons from the Netherlands as second main supplier. The main 6 origins of imports claimed 84,7% of all EU-N10 imports in quantity.  EU-N10 exports of vegetable fats & oils reached a level of 179.000 tons of which the bulk went to Germany (145.000 tons or 81,3%), followed by Austria with 11.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding vegetable fats & oils was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 257.000 tons.

 Butter & Butter Fats:

EU-N10 butter & butter fats imports reached for 2005 a level of € Mio 45 with Germany as the main provider with € Mio 16 or a share of 36,5%. Exports -in values- for a total of € Mio 140 were mainly destined to Germany (€ Mio 36 or 25,3%) and to the Netherlands with € Mio 24.

In quantity around 1/3 of all EU-N10 15.000 tons butter & butter fats imports stemmed from Germany (5.000 tons). Exports (total 64.000 tons) went to Germany (15.000 tons or 23,1%) and to the Netherlands (9.000 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the

EU-N10 regarding butter & butter fats was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 49.000 tons.

 Milk & Milk Products:

The share of the 6 main origin countries for imports for milk & milk products -in value terms- stood at around € Mio 110. Main partner on the import side for the EU-N10 was Germany, with € Mio 51 or a share of 46,4%. A total value of € Mio 592 was recorded as EU-N10 exports. Main destinations were Germany (€ Mio 265 or 44,7%), Italy  (€ Mio 84) and the Netherlands (€ Mio 47).

Because milk & milk products constitute a mixed aggregate (i.e. adding together kilograms of milk and kilograms of milk powder), information at quantity level should be read with caution. However, in quantities a total of almost 135.000 tons was imported, with Germany as main origin (70.000 tons or 52,3%). Exports of milk & milk products totalled 1.033.000 tons, of which 520.000 tons or 50,4%,  went to Germany, as main destination and 242.000 tons to Italy as second destination. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding milk & milk products was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 899.000 tons.

 Skimmed Milk Powder:

The EU-N10 imported -in values- a total of € Mio 14 of SMP. About 40%, or € Mio 5,2, was imported from Germany. Exports reached over 22 times this amount and totalled € Mio 299. Main destinations included Germany (€ Mio 65 or 21,8%), the Netherlands with € Mio 42 and Algeria with € Mio 33.

When looking at quantity, Germany was the main origin of EU-N10 SMP imports. Out of a total import of 8.800 tons, they were able to obtain a share of 33,9% or the equivalent of 3.000 tons. Exports of SMP reached a total of 162.000 tons with again Germany as the main destination with 34.000 tons (20,9%). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding SMP was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of nearly 153.000 tons.

 Cheese & Curd:

In values, the EU-N10 imported in total € Mio 206 of cheese & curd, of which € Mio 106, or 51,6% originated from Germany. Exports were destined to Italy (€ Mio 119 or 23,7%) as main destination, Germany with € Mio 76 and total EU-N10 exports reached € Mio 502 for 2005.

In quantity the EU-N10 imported 70.000 tons of which around 41.000 tons (or 58,1%) from Germany and 6.000 tons from Denmark. Exports, with a total of 187.000 tons, had Italy (41.000 tons or 21,9%) and Russia (33.000 tons) as the two main destinations. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding cheese & curd was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 117.000 tons.

 Sugar:

Sugar imports reached € Mio 107 for 2005. Main import origin was Croatia with € Mio 14 (or 13,5%). Main export destinations were Germany (€ Mio 93 or 21,7%) and Austria (€ Mio 60) out of a total of € Mio 429.

In quantity 194.000 tons of sugars were imported.  42.000 tons (or 21,6%) from Brazil and 25.000 tons from Croatia. In total 1.247.000 tons were exported of which, as main destination, 140.000 tons (11,3%) to Germany. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding sugar was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 1.054.000 tons.

 Wine:

In 2005 the EU-N10 imported around € Mio 269 of wine. Most important origin of import was Italy of which € Mio 56 or 20,6% was imported. France came as second origin with € Mio 49.

€ Mio 26 or 31,6% of all wine exports were destined for Russia and € Mio 14 went to Germany out of a total of € Mio 83.

For quantities, the 6 main origins of import accounted for 86,5% of total imports (total of 2.308.000 hl) with Italy being the main origin of import (770.000 hl or 33,4%) followed by Spain (379.000 hl) and Bulgaria (267.000 hl). Total exports reached 720.000 hl, of which 211.000 hl or 29,3% were destined for Russia and 168.000 hl for Germany. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding wine was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 1.588.000 hl.

 Raw Tobacco:

For raw tobacco the EU-N10 imported over 8 times the value of export. Imports reached € Mio 226 against exports of € Mio 28. Belgium was the largest contributor to imports with € Mio 57 or a share of 25,4%, followed by the USA with € Mio 31. The 6 main countries of origin accounted for –in value terms- a total of 70,7% of total EU-N10 imports.

Exports (total of € Mio 28) were destined to Russia (€ Mio 7,3 or 26,4%) and to Germany € Mio 5,3.

Out of a total import of 83.000 tons almost 18.000 tons (or 21,5%) came from Belgium which was followed, as second country of origin, by Brazil (14.000 tons). The EU-N10 exported 3.300 tons (20,7%) to Germany out of a total of 16.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding raw tobacco was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 67.000 tons.

 Beef Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

Imports stood at € Mio 122 for 2005 with Germany (€ Mio 31 or 25,5%) and Austria (€ Mio 19) as main countries of origin.  Beef meat exports reached € Mio 651, with € Mio 200 (or 30,7%) to Italy. Second destination for export were the Netherlands with € Mio 101 in 2005.

In carcass weight, Germany and Austria were the largest contributors to the EU-N10 imports (total of 48.000 tons) with respectively 13.000 tons (27%) and 10.000 tons. Italy has been the largest partner when regarding exports in quantities. They absorbed 57.000 tons (or 24,5%) of total beef meat exports which reached 233.000 tons in total, whereas the Netherlands imported 39.000 tons from the EU-N10. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding beef meat was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 185.000 tons.

 Pork (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

Germany contributed to € Mio 294 (or 33,1%) of all EU-N10 imports (total € Mio 888) of pork for 2005. All 6 main countries of origin combined added up to 87% of all EU-N10 imports, expressed in value terms. Exports stood at a lower level and reached in total € Mio 570, of which € Mio 69 (or 12,1%) was destined to Romania, € Mio 63 to Germany and € Mio 48 to Belarus.

In carcass weight, imports stood at 561.000 tons, of which 180.000 tons (32,1%) from Germany. Exports reached a total of 328.000 tons. The main destinations for 2005 were Romania (15%) where 49.000 tons were exported to and Belarus with 39.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding pork was negative with an EU-N10 deficit of 234.000 tons.

 Poultry Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal and salted Poultry Meat):

Poultry meat imports -in values- stood at € Mio 268 for 2005 with the Netherlands as the main supplier with € Mio 69 (or 25,7%). Germany came as the second country of origin with € Mio 49. Combined, the 6 main countries of origin accounted for 79,8% of total

EU-N10 poultry meat imports, in value terms. Exports reached € Mio 739 of which € Mio 324 or 43,9% went to Germany.

In carcass weight, 230.000 tons have been imported into the EU-N10. The share of the Netherlands, as main source of origin, was 28,4% or 65.000 tons. Exports totalled 329.000 tons of which Germany represented 40,2% or 132.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding poultry meat was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 99.000 tons

 Sheep & Goat Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

Sheep & goat meat imports, reached a level of € Mio 13 in 2005. The main country of origin was New Zealand with a share of 45% or € Mio 5,9 followed by Germany with € Mio 1,9.  Exports with a total for the EU-N10 countries of just over € Mio 68 were sent to Italy (€ Mio 54 or 79,4%) as main destination.

In carcass weight, the EU-N10 imported 3.200 tons of which 1.600 tons (or 50,8%) came from New Zealand.  Germany contributed 300 tons to EU-N10 imports. Exports reached almost 13.000 tons in total and almost 11.000 tons (79,7%) were destined to Italy. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-N10 regarding sheep & goat meat was positive with an EU-N10 surplus of 10.000 tons.


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