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Agricultural trade statistics

Brussels, January 2008

AGRI G.2/cdc D(2008)

NOTE FOR THE FILE

Subject:   EU-27 Agricultural Trade – Main developments for selected agri-food products during the 1st semester 2007

This note aims at presenting the main developments for the agri-food trade at EU-27 level for the first semester of 2007. Based on a comparison with the corresponding semester of 2006, it shows that exports of all agri-food products increased in a minor way from € 34.4 bio to € 35.6 bio in value terms (i.e. +3.6 %). Imports also increased in values from € 34.5 bio to € 37.2 bio (i.e. +7.6 %). As a result net imports of agri-food products increased from € 0.2 bio to € 1.5 bio in value terms from one period to the other. EU main partners which contributed to this trade development were on the export side the USA, Russia, Switzerland, Japan and Algeria and, on the import side, Brazil, Argentina and the USA.

When examined per selected sector, the following developments could be highlighted:

Cereals

Imports increased in value terms by 48.0 % from € 608.7 mio to € 901 mio between the 1st semester of 2006 and the corresponding semester of 2007. The main origin of imports changed from Canada (€ 128.1 mio) for the 1st semester of 2006 to Argentina for the 1st semester of 2007 (€ 232.4 mio) followed by Canada (€ 169.4 mio). Exports increased by 10 % (or € 160.5 mio) over the same period, from € 1 543 mio to € 1 703.6 mio. The main exporting destination for both periods was Algeria (respectively € 233.3 mio and € 339.7 mio).

In quantity, imports increased from 4.2 mio t for the 1st semester of 2006 to 5.4 mio t during the 1st semester of 2007, or +26.9 %. The main origins of imports were for the first period Canada (0.7 mio t) followed by Ukraine (0.7 mio t) and for the second period Argentina (1.5 mio t) and Canada (0.9 mio t). Exports decreased from one period to the other by 2 mio t to reach 9.9 mio t, or – 17.4 %. Exports to Algeria rose from 1.9 mio t to 2.1 mio t.

Rice

Between the 1st semester of 2006 and the corresponding semester of 2007, total rice imports increased by 20.6 % from € 238.6 mio to € 287.8 mio respectively. India was for both 1st semesters the main importing source – in value – and represented respectively € 78.5 mio and € 102.3 mio (or + € 23.8 mio). Exports dropped to € 41.1 mio during the 1st semester of 2007 from € 43.7 mio in the first semester of 2006 (-5.6 %). The main destination for export was Turkey (€ 10.3 mio) during the first semester of 2006 and Switzerland (€ 7.6 mio) during the corresponding semester of 2007. Exports to the USA increased by over 60 % from € 3.8 mio to € 6.2 mio.

In quantity the EU-27 imports totalled for the same periods 659 000 t and 770 000 t respectively (i.e. a 16.7 % increase or 111 000 t). India was the main origin for both the 1st semester of 2006 (169 000 t) and of 2007 (233 000 t). EU-27 exports of rice reached a total of 77 000 t and 64 000 t respectively, a drop of 16.2 %, of which the main destination was Turkey for 22 000 t in the first period and Switzerland for 11 000 t in the second period respectively.

Animal feed

Animal feed is the largest imported (aggregated) product for the EU-27 (i.e. 29 % of total imports of agricultural products for the 1st semester of 2007). Total imports, expressed in values reached € 6 017 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, i.e. an increase of 14 % or € 737 mio, with Brazil having the largest share with € 2 113.8 mio (+15.4 %). EU-27 exported a total of € 1 251 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 and € 1 446 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, with Algeria (€ 171.1 mio and € 282.4 mio) as the most important destination.

In quantity, total EU-27 imports reached 28.7 mio t during the 1st semester of 2007 against 27.6 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006. The increase in quantity (+ 4.1 %) was less than 1/3 of that expressed in values. Exports decreased from 9.9 mio t to 8.4 mio t. The most important origins for EU-27 imports of animal feed remained situated in the South American region. Argentina exported into the EU-27 9.6 mio t during the 1st semester of 2007 and 8.8 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006 respectively. Brazil was the second largest feed exporter to the EU-27 with 9.1 mio t and 8.1 mio t respectively. Algeria remained the main importer of EU-27 animal feed during both 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007, with 1.5 mio t and 1.8 mio t respectively.


Vegetables

In value, imports of vegetables increased by 28 % (+ € 255.7 mio) to € 1 167.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2007. The main origin of import was Morocco with € 249.6 mio and € 308.8 mio respectively. The level of export increased by 11.4 % to € 583.3 mio, from € 523.9 mio. Russia was the most important export destination with € 144 mio and € 175.5 mio respectively.

In quantity, 982 000 t and 1 208 000 t were imported during the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 respectively, with Morocco as primary origin (282 000 t and 336 000 t). The first export destination for both periods was Russia, with 315 000 t and 246 000 t respectively. Exports dropped by 15.8 % to a total of 628 000 t.

Fruit

Total EU-27 imports, in value, reached a level of € 4 098.2 mio and € 4 189.3 mio during the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 respectively. Our main import partner changed from the USA for the 1st semester of 2006 (€ 656.1 mio) to Chile for the corresponding period of 2007 (€ 586.1 mio). EU-27 exports increased by 22.4 % (or € 181 mio) to reach € 990.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2007. Primary destination for export was again Russia (€ 304.5 mio and € 368.9 mio respectively).

When expressed in quantity, imports represented nearly 3 times the level of exports. The EU-27 fruit imports (respectively 3.6 mio t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 3.7 mio t during the 1st semester of 2007) originated mainly from Chile with respectively 520 000 t and 513 000 t and from South Africa (462 000 t and 500 000 t). EU-27 exports reached respectively 1.2 and 1.5 mio t for those periods and went primary to Russia (472 000 t and 576 000 t).

Preparations of fruit and vegetables

Between the 1st semesters of 2006 and of 2007, imports – in value – increased by 19.9 % from € 948.1 mio to € 1 137.1 mio. Imports from China, first country of origin for both 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007, reached respectively € 228.7 mio and € 292 mio. Exports totalled respectively € 746.3 mio and € 794.8 mio (+6.5 %) with Russia as main destination (€ 110 mio and € 112 mio) for both periods of reference.

In quantity, 860 000 t and 1 038 000 t of fruit & vegetables preparations were imported during the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 respectively, i.e. an increase of 20.7 %. More than half of these imports came from China (255 000 t and 331 000 t respectively) and Turkey (204 000 t and 240 000 t respectively). Total exports fell by 3 % to 907 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007. EU-27 exported less to Russia, 172 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006 and 163 000 t in the 1st semester of 2007. Exports to the USA dropped by 15 000 t to 95 000 t in the 1st semester of 2007.

Potato

Imports – in value terms – increased by € 42.7 mio and rose from € 159.2 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to € 201.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, with Israel being the largest origin at € 80.9 mio and € 100.1 mio respectively. Exports fell from € 130.8 mio in the first period to € 119 mio in the second. Main export destination for potatoes was Russia in the 1st semester of 2006 (€ 29.9 mio) and Switzerland in the 1st semester of 2007 (€ 13.8 mio).

Expressed in quantity, Israël was the main origin of EU-27 potato imports in both 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 with 232 000 t and 262 000 t. Imports totalled respectively 523 000 t and 573 000 t for those periods. EU-27 potato exports dropped by 42.2 % from 481 000 t to 278 000 t. Russia absorbed 139 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006 and only 38 000 t in the 1st semester of 2007 as main country of destination.

Olive oil

In value terms, a decrease of € 101.2 mio, or -26.1 %, of olive oil imports for EU-27 was observed (1st semester of 2006: € 388 mio; 1st semester of 2007: € 286.7 mio). Tunisia was by far the main country of origin with € 190.5 mio for the first period and € 235.6 mio for the second. A value of € 330.7 mio and € 262.6 mio respectively of olive oil was exported to the USA. Total exports reached € 704.1 mio and € 630.8 mio respectively, or -10.4 %.

In quantity, about 98 % of all olive oil (104 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 120 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007) was imported from the four main countries of origin, of which Tunisia had the largest share (respectively 50 000 t and 100 000 t). The USA, as main destination, captured around 50 % of total EU-27 olive oil exports (respectively 151 000 t and 179 000 t).

Vegetable oils and fats

Imports of vegetable oils & fats increased in value by 12.2 % from € 1 085.9 mio in the 1st semester of 2006 to € 1 217.8 mio in the 1st semester of 2007. The largest part came from Ukraine, respectively € 167.3 mio and € 200.5 mio. The second largest country of origin was the Philippines (€ 139.1 mio) in the first period and Indonesia (€ 181.5 mio) in the second. The EU-27 exports decreased from € 228.9 mio to € 205 mio between the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007. The USA was the primary destination in the first period (€ 36.3 mio) and Switzerland in the second (€ 19.5 mio).

In quantity, EU-27 imports reached 2.1 and 2.2 mio t in the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 respectively. In both periods of 2006 and 2007 the main origin of import was Ukraine (350 000 t and 394 000 t). EU-27 export level declined from 283 000 t in 2006 to 255 000 t in 2007. The main export destination was Turkey (40 000 t) in the 1st semester of 2006 and Norway (22 000 t) in the same period of 2007.


Butter and butter fats

Total imports of EU-27 butter & butter fats imports – in value – fell from € 74.8 mio to € 59.3 mio (a decrease of 20.8 %) between the 1st semester of 2006 and that of 2007. The main origin of EU butter & butter fats imports for both periods was New Zealand (respectively € 72.8 mio and € 56.8 mio). Exports, on the contrary, increased by 10.7 %, and totalled € 299.9 mio in 2007 (€ 271 mio in 2006). These products were mainly destined to Russia in 2006 (€ 52.7 mio) and in 2007 (€ 42.8 mio).

In quantity, 47 000 t and 42 000 t of butter were imported during both periods respectively, mainly from New Zealand. EU-27 exports totalled 142 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006, of which 28 000 t went to Russia. In the corresponding semester of 2007, out of a total of 156 000 t, 23 000 t were also exported to the same destination.

Milk and milk products

Imports of milk & milk products rose in value from € 23.3 mio in the 1st semester of 2006 to € 25.6 mio in the corresponding semester of 2007. The main partner on the import side for both periods was Switzerland, with € 8.7 mio and € 13 mio respectively or just over 50 % of total imports for the second period. EU-27 exports increased from € 1 037 mio to € 1 197.7 mio over the same period. The main destination was Saudi Arabia with € 106.1 mio in the 1st semester of 2006 and € 122.5 mio in the 1st semester of 2007.

Information at quantity level should be read with some caution as “milk & milk products” is a mixed aggregate, i.e. adding together kilograms of milk and kilograms of milk powder. In quantity, a total of respectively 39 000 t and 44 000 t was imported, mainly originating from Switzerland (26 000 t and 35 000 t respectively). Total exports increased from 725 000 t to 760 000 t of milk & milk products, of which Saudi Arabia was the main destination in the first period with 58 000 t and China in the second period with 67 000 t.

Skimmed milk powder

EU-27 imports increased by 29.2 % from € 10.9 mio in the 1st semester of 2006 to € 14.1 mio in the corresponding semester of 2007. In 2006, € 3.5 mio were imported from the USA. In 2007 US exports to the EU stood at a lower level (€ 2.6 mio). Exports of SMP more than doubled from € 124.3 mio in the first period to € 275.6 mio in the second. The main export destination was Algeria with € 24.6 mio and € 63.3 mio respectively.

Expressed in quantity, the USA were the main origin of SMP imports during both periods with 2 000 t and 1 000 t respectively. Total EU-27 imports increased from 6 000 t to 7 000 t over the same period (+ 11.2 %). EU-27 exports of SMP increased from 64 000 t to 103 000 t between the 1st semester of 2006 and that of 2007 with Algeria as main destination (13 000 t and 22 000 t respectively).

Cheese and curd

The EU-27 imports of cheese and curd stood at € 187.5 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 and € 188.7 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, with the main part, € 118.1 mio and € 124.4 mio respectively originating from Switzerland.  EU-27 exports reached € 1 029.1 mio and € 1 129.5 mio respectively and were mainly destined to the USA (€ 264 mio and € 275.6 mio respectively).

In quantity, the EU-27 imported during both periods 45 000 t and 47 000 t respectively, i.e. an increase of 4.5 %. Of these imports 19 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 20 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007 came from Switzerland. EU-27 exports increased from 272 000 t to 297 000 t. The main destination was Russia for both 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 with 68 000 t and 80 000 t respectively.

Sugar

Total sugar imports decreased from € 729.3 mio to € 626.5 mio between the 1st semester of 2006 and that of 2007, with Mauritius as the main origin of import – in value – at respectively € 100.4 mio and € 95.7 mio. Sugar exports collapsed from € 1 286.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to only € 172.1 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, a decrease of 87 %. The main export destinations were Syria with € 125.5 mio during the first period and Israel with € 36.7 mio during the second period.

In quantity, 1 537 000 t of sugar and 1 407 000 t were imported into the EU-27 during the 1st semesters of 2006 and 2007 respectively, of which 314 000 t and 359 000 t respectively originated from Brazil. Over the same period, exports decreased from 4 276 000 t to 440 000 t respectively, or almost 90 % less, of which Syria was the main destination during the 1st semester of 2006 (411 000 t) and Israel in the 1st semester of 2007 (121 000 t).

Wine

In value terms, between the first semesters of 2006 and 2007, imports and exports increased by 11.9 % and 10.9 % respectively. Imports reached a level of € 1 235.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2007 (vs. € 1 104.5 mio during the corresponding semester of 2006). The most important origin of imports was Australia with € 397.6 mio and € 421.9 mio respectively for the same periods followed by Chile. Exports increased from € 2 488.4 mio to € 2 759.5 mio. Over 40 % of EU total wine exports were sent to the USA (€ 1 071 mio and € 1 075.5 mio respectively).

Total imports, in quantity, increased by 11 % (from a total of 5 596 000 hl during the 1st semester of 2006 to 6 209 000 hl during the 1st semester of 2007) with Australia being the main origin of import (1 522 000 hl and 1 645 000 hl respectively), followed by Chile and South Africa. Total exports increased (+20.6 %) from 7 337 000 hl to 8 852 000 hl over the same period, of which 2 068 000 hl and 2 310 000 hl respectively were destined to the USA. Exports to Russia doubled from one period to the other (2 020 000 hl in 2007)

Raw tobacco

Raw tobacco imports decreased in value from € 911.5 mio in the 1st semester of 2006 to € 891.3 mio in the 1st semester of 2007. Exports went up from one period to the other from € 255.7 mio to € 292.7 mio. The USA was the largest contributor to imports in the first period with € 206.2 mio and Brazil in the second period with € 209.3 mio. Exports were mainly destined to Russia and increased from € 38.8 mio to € 50.4 mio.

In quantity, Brazil preceded the USA as main country of origin for EU-27 imports. Out of a total of 297 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 299 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007, some 73 000 t and 77 000 t came respectively from Brazil. EU-27 exported 94 000 t and 112 000 t during the same periods, mainly to Russia (18 000 t and 25 000 t).

Beef (including live animals but excluding offal)

Imports – in value – increased by 13.7 % during the 1st semester of 2007 (€ 913.5 mio) as compared to the corresponding semester of 2006 (€ 803.2 mio). The main contributor was Brazil, with € 486.2 mio and € 533.2 mio respectively. Total EU beef exports declined by 4.7 % from € 248.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to € 236.9 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, though total exports to Russia, the main export destination, increased from € 74 mio to € 95.3 mio over the same period.

In quantity, Brazil was the largest contributor to the total EU beef imports of 281 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 284 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007, with respectively 205 000 t and 195 000 t. Exported quantities fell from 118 000 t to 84 0000 t over the same period (-28.7 %), of which 48 000 t and 32 000 t went to Russia as the largest partner of the EU.

Pork (including live animals but excluding offal)

In value terms, pork exports fell from a total of € 1 379.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to € 1 311.2 mio during the 1st semester of 2007, with € 403.4 mio and € 362.3 mio destined to Japan respectively. Canada was the largest contributor to EU pork imports in the first period with € 31.2 mio and Chile in the second period with € 13.4 mio to a total level of EU pork imports for both periods of € 74.1 mio and € 32.8 mio respectively.

In quantity, expressed in carcass weight, imports are negligible compared to exports, as only 46 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 13 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007 were imported, of which 23 000 t came from Canada in 2006 and 7 000 t from Chile in 2007 as main partner. Pork exports decreased from a total of 724 000 t in the 1st semester of 2006 to 671 000 t in the 1st semester of 2007. The main destination was Russia, with 254 000 t and 204 000 t respectively.

Poultry meat (including live animals but excluding offal and salted poultry meat)

Poultry meat imports – in value – decreased from € 600.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to € 549.6 mio during the 1st semester of 2007 (-8.5 %), with Brazil as the main country of origin (€ 354.6 mio and € 287.4 mio respectively). Over the same period, exports reached € 313.5 mio and € 419.9 mio respectively. The main partner was Russia with € 44.7 mio for the 1st semester of 2006 and € 58.2 mio during the 1st semester of 2007.

In quantity, expressed in carcass weight, imports fell from 326 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 to 225 000 t in the second period of reference. Brazil was the main origin for both periods with 204 000 t and 145 000 t respectively. Exports increased from 328 000 t to 377 000 t over the same period, of which Russia absorbed 89 000 t and 83 000 t respectively.

Sheep and goat meat (including live animals but excluding offal)

Imports – in value – increased between the first semester of 2006 and that of 2007. Total imports went up from € 568.3 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 to € 583.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2007. New Zealand, historically the main country of origin for sheep & goat meat imports, captured over 85 % of total imports (or € 484.3 mio and € 514.1 mio respectively). Exports totalled only € 18.8 mio during the 1st semester of 2006 and € 16.3 mio during the same period of 2007, of which € 6.7 mio and € 5 mio respectively went to Switzerland as main destination.

The EU-27 imported – in quantity, expressed in carcass weight – 151 000 t during the 1st semester of 2006 and 164 000 t during the 1st semester of 2007, of which 127 000 t and 143 000 t respectively (around 85 %) came from New Zealand. Exports kept status quo at 5 000 t. About 1 000 t during each period were destined to Lebanon, followed by Switzerland.

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