Back to table of contents
Agricultural trade statistics
EU-25 MAIN MARKETS for Selected Products – 2006
The purpose of
this text is to highlight the most important
trading destinations and origins
for the EU-25 for the year 2006. We are thus looking at which
partner the EU-25 exports to and imports from –in value and quantity terms- for 20
selected aggregated products (which - all together - do not cover the WTO-definition
of “All Agricultural Products”).
in values, out of a total import of € Mio 1.663 19% is being imported
from Canada alone (€ Mio 317)
making it the largest import origin for the EU-25 in 2006, followed by the USA with € Mio 210.
The 6 main countries of origin for import, combined, added up to 64,6% of all EU-25
imports. On the export side the partners were far more diverse. The 6 main
exporting destinations reached a combined share of 37,4%. From a total of € Mio
2.988 that was exported out of the EU-25, Algeria remained, as in 2005, the most
important destination, with € Mio 495 or a share of 16,6%.
In quantity, out of a total EU-25
import of 11.556.000 tons, 1.761.000 tons (or 15,2%) were imported from Canada, whereas Algeria absorbed 3.709.000 tons (or
16,5%) on the export side with a total EU-25 exports of cereals of 22.536.000
tons. 5 out of 6 main export
destinations were situated in the North-African / Middle
East regions. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding
cereals was positive with an EU-25 surplus of around 10.980.000 tons.
India was the main importing source -in values- for the EU-25
and represented, on its own, € Mio 137 (or 31,1%) of all imports which were in total
€ Mio 440,5. The 6 main origins combined reached a share of over 91% of all EU-25
rice imports in values for the year 2006.
For rice, as
is the case with cereals, exports are more diversified among partners than
imports. The 6 main destinations for the EU-25 added up to a total of € Mio 86 of
rice exports (60,2%). The main destination for EU-25 exports was Turkey
with € Mio 15 (or 17,4%).
In quantity the EU-25 imports
totalled 1.204.000 tons or over 8 times its own export. As opposed to import values
where India was the main
origin, in quantity Thailand
was the main origin of imports with 304.000 tons (a share of 25,2%). In 2006, EU-25
exports of rice reached a total of 147.000 tons of which the main destination was
Turkey that absorbed 30.000
tons (or 20.6%) followed by Switzerland
with 20.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding rice was
negative with an EU-25 deficit of 1.057.000 tons.
feed was the most imported (aggregated) product for the EU-25 in 2006. Total
imports, when expressed in values, reached € Bio 10,9, with Brazil
having the largest share of 32,2% or around € Bio 3,5. The 6 main origins
combined reached, in value terms, 82,4% of total EU-25 imports.
a total of almost € Bio 2,4, with Algeria
(€ Mio 379) and Egypt
(€ Mio 203) as the most important destinations.
In quantity, total EU-25 import
reached 57,6 Mio tons against around
17,7 Mio tons for EU-25 export. Most
important origins for EU-25 imported animal feed were situated in the South
American region. Argentina exported 17,2 Mio tons into the EU-25, or 29,8% of
all EU-25 imports. Brazil was the second largest feed exporter to the EU-25 with
16,7 Mio tons followed by the USA
with 7,2 Mio tons.
the most important export destination for the EU-25, with 3.040.000 tons (or 17,1%)
out of a total EU-25 export of animal feed of 17.745.000 tons. The net position
-in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding animal feed was negative with an EU-25 deficit
of 39,8 Mio tons.
EU-25 imported € Mio 1.417 of vegetables in 2006. € Mio 351 (or 24,7%) were imported from Morocco and € Mio 174 from Israel. Exports stood at a total of
€ Mio 979 with Russia as the
most important export destination (€ Mio 238 or 24,3%), followed by Switzerland
(€ Mio 201).
In quantity, 1.270.000 tons
of vegetables were imported, 423.000 tons (or 33,3%) from Morocco and 118.000 tons from Israel. The first export
destination for vegetables was Russia,
with 440.000 tons (or 33,4%) out of a total of 1.317.000 tons. The net position
-in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding Vegetables was positive with an EU-25 surplus
of 47.000 tons.
values the EU-25 imported in 2006 over 4
times more fruit than it exported. Total EU-25 imports reached a level of €
Mio 7.337 with the USA as our
main importing partner (€ Mio 1.287 or 17,5%) and South Africa as second country of
origin with € Mio 911. EU-25 exports totalled € Mio 1.786 of which € Mio 598
was destined to Russia (or 33,5%)
and € Mio 301 to Switzerland.
When expressed in quantity
the EU-25 imported nearly 2,5 times
as much fruits as that it exported. 6,3 Mio
tons of fruits were imported against 2,6 Mio tons of exports. The EU-25 fruits
imports originated mainly from South Africa
with 949.000 tons (or 15,2%) and from Chile (626.000 tons).
The 6 main
export destinations in 2006 for fruits represented 68,2% of all EU-25 exports
of which 870.000 tons (or 33,8%) went to Russia
and 256.000 tons to Switzerland.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding fruits was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 3.686.000 tons.
of Fruits & Vegetables:
of all imports -in values- originated from the 6 main partners, with
Turkey having the largest share (24,4%) reaching € Mio 563 out of total imports
of € Mio 2.310. China, as second country
of origin, reached € Mio 518.
€ Mio 1.577 with the USA
(€ Mio 216 or 13,7%) as main destination.
In quantity 1.902.000 tons of
fruits & vegetables preparations were imported, 535.000 tons (or 28,1%) from
Turkey and 495.000 tons from
Out of a total export of 1.920.000 tons, 309.000 tons (or 16,1%) were destined
Exports were more split amongst partners
(the 6 main countries of destinations reached a combined share of 48,2%) than
imports, where the 6 main countries of origin reached 71,8% of all imports.
position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding preparations of fruits & vegetables
was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 18.000 tons.
6 main origins of EU-25 potatoes imports, out of which 4 were situated in the
Mediterranean Area, accounted -in value terms- for nearly 100% of all EU-25
imports (total € Mio 161). Israel, with € Mio 85, accounted for 52,3% of all EU-25
imports, with Egypt
being the second largest origin also with € Mio 60. In contrast, the 6 main export
destinations however only reached 48,7% of all EU-25 potatoes exports, which
added up to a total of € Mio 330. Main destination for potatoes was Algeria (€
Mio 49 or 14,8%).
Expressed in quantity Israel (243.000
tons or 50 %) also was the main origin of EU-25 potatoes imports which totalled
486.000 tons. EU-25 potatoes exports reached 1.012.000 tons, of which Russia
took in 150.000 tons (or 14,8%) as main country of destination. The net
position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding potatoes was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 526.000 tons.
value terms, € Mio 721 of olive oil imports for EU-25 were recorded. The
6 main import origins –combined- reached 98,1% of total olive oil imports with
Tunisia being the main country of origin with € Mio 481 (or 66,8%) for 2006.
€ Mio 1.382
worth of olive oil was exported of which € Mio 605 (or 43,8%) went to the USA.
Out of a total EU-25 import of 228.000
tons, 159.000 tons (or 69,8%) were imported from Tunisia. The 6 main countries of origin
for olive oil reached 98,3% of all imports. The USA, as main destination, captured 139.000
tons (or 44,2%) of EU-25 olive oil exports (total 315.000 tons). The net
position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding olive oil was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 87.000 tons.
the value side € Mio 2.372 of imports of vegetable fats & oils were recorded,
of which € Mio 345 (or 14,6%) came from Ukraine as largest origin country. Brazil and Indonesia exported respectively for
€ Mio 321 and € Mio 303 to the EU. The EU-25 exports are more spread among
destinations as the main export market, the USA, only accounted for € Mio 67
(or 16,4%) out of a total exports of € Mio 409.
For the year 2006, in quantity,
EU-25 imports reached 4.491.000 tons of which 703.000 tons (or 15,7%) were coming
from Ukraine, 656.000 tons
from Brazil and 642.000 tons
The main 6 origins of imports claimed 73% of all EU-25 imports expressed in tons.
EU-25 exports for 2006 reached in total 457.000 tons with 61.000 tons for Norway
(or 13,4%) followed by Switzerland with 33.000 tons. The net position -in
quantity- for the EU-25 regarding vegetable fats & oils was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 4.034.000 tons.
the main origin of EU-25 butter & butter fats imports was New Zealand. This also was the case
for the year 2006. Out of a total import -in values- of € Mio 126, € Mio 121 or 96,6% originated from New Zealand. Exports for a total of
€ Mio 486 were mainly destined to Russia
(€ Mio 95 or 19,6%) and to Saudi
Arabia (€ Mio 49).
quantity around 81.000 tons out of total butter imports of 84.000 tons
stemmed from New Zealand. EU-25 exports totalled 256.000 tons and went mainly to
Russia (51.000 tons or 20%),
Saudi Arabia (26.000 tons) and
(18.000 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding butter
& butter fats was positive with
a EU-25 surplus of 172.000 tons.
was the share of the 6 main origin countries for imports for milk & milk products
-in value terms- which reached a total value of € Mio 44. Main partner
on the import side for the EU-25 was Switzerland, with € Mio 16 (or 36,4%).
In 2006 the EU-25 exports represented almost
45 times the value of EU-25 imports. A total value of € Mio 1.965 was recorded
as EU-25 exports. The main destination was Saudi
Arabia with € Mio 193 (or 9,8%) and, as second
destination, Algeria (€ Mio 146)
and also to Nigeria
that showed an amount of € Mio 130 of milk & milk products being imported
from the EU-25.
Because milk & milk products is a
mixed aggregate (meaning adding together kilograms of milk and
kilograms of milk powder), information at quantity level should be read with caution.
However, in quantities a total of 70.000 tons was imported, with as main
(46.000 tons or 65,7%). Total exports reached 1.416.000 tons of milk & milk
products, of which 108.000 tons (or 7,7%) went to Saudi Arabia, as main
destination, 100.000 tons to China and 97.000 tons to Russia. The net position -in
quantity- for the EU-25 regarding milk & milk products was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 1.346.000 tons.
EU-25 imported a total of € Mio 31 of SMP from third countries. Just 41,8%, or
€ Mio 13, was imported from the USA
and € Mio 6,4 from Canada. Exports of the same product reached almost 6
times this amount and totalled € Mio 179. The main export destinations were Algeria with € Mio 25 (or 14%) and Nigeria with €
When expressed in quantities the
were also the main origin of SMP imports in 2006. Out of a total EU-25 import of
19.000 tons, the USA
obtained a share of 41% or the equivalent of 7.700 tons. EU-25 exports of SMP
reached a total of 89.000 tons with Algeria as main destination with just
over 13.000 tons (or 15,1%). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding
SMP was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 70.000 tons.
EU-25 imported a total of € Mio 430 of cheese and curd, of which € Mio 257 (or 59,8%)
originated from Switzerland.
EU-25 exports were mainly destined to the USA (€ Mio 569 or 25,8%) and to Russia
(€ Mio 431). In 2006, exports totalled € Mio 2.209.
In quantity the EU-25 imported
107.000 tons of which 41.000 tons (or 38,3%) from Switzerland,
37.000 tons from New Zealand
and 11.000 tons from Australia.
EU-25 exports, with a total of 583.000 tons, were mainly destined to Russia (157.000 tons or 27%) and the USA (111.000
tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding cheese & curd
was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 475.000 tons.
the year 2006 the main import origin was Mauritius with € Mio 262 (or 20,6% of
a total of € Mio 1.270). Main export destinations (total 2006 of € Mio 1.977)
were Syria with € Mio 183 (or
9,3%) and Israel
with € Mio 153.
In quantity 2.486.000 tons of
sugar were imported into the EU. 497.000
tons (or 20%) originated from Mauritius
while 239.000 tons came from Croatia.
In total 6.151.000 tons were exported of which, as main destination, 569.000
tons (or 9,3%) went to Syria
and 498.000 tons to Israel.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding sugar was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 3.665.000 tons.
value terms, the EU-25 exported over twice as much wine as it imported in 2006.
Imports reached an amount of € Mio 2.439 against € Mio 5.496 of exports. Most
important origin of import was Australia
of which € Mio 868 (or 35,6%) was imported.
Chile came as second
origin with € Mio 436 followed by South Africa with € Mio 379. 40,8% or € Mio 2.241 of all EU-25 wine
exports were destined to the USA
and € Mio 596 went to Switzerland.
The 6 main origins of import accounted
for 90,6% of total imports in quantity (total of 11.709.000 Hl) with Australia being the main origin of import (3.258.000
Hl or 27,8%) followed by Chile
(2.214.000 Hl) and closely by South
Africa (2.102.000 Hl). Total exports reached
17.002.000 Hl of which 4.400.000 Hl (or 25,9%) was destined for the USA, 3.345.000 Hl for Russia
and 1.564.000 Hl for Switzerland.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding wine was positive with a EU-25 surplus of 5.292.000 Hl.
raw tobacco imports reached a value of € Mio 1.674 against exports of €
Mio 526. Brazil was the largest
contributor to imports with € Mio 373 (or 22,3%), followed by the USA with
€ Mio 346. The 6 main countries of origin accounted for –in value terms-
a total of 66,9% of total imports. Exports
were mainly destined to Russia
(€ Mio 81 or 15,4%) and to Ukraine
€ Mio 49.
Brazil was the main country of
origin when looking at quantities imported for raw tobacco. Out of a
total of 547.000 tons almost 143.000 tons (or 26,1%) came from Brazil which was followed, as second country of
origin, by the USA
(60.000 tons). EU-25 exported 36.000 tons (18,2%) to Russia out of a total of 198.000
tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding raw tobacco was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 350.000 tons.
Beef Meat (incl.
Live Animals but excl. offal):
of total imports -in values- originated from the 6 main importing
partners. Imports stood at € Mio 1.704 for 2006 and main contributors were Brazil with € Mio 962 (or 56,5%) and Argentina
with € Mio 396. € Mio 216 (or 42,5%) of
beef meat exports were destined to Russia out of a of total beef meat
exports of € Mio 508. Second destination for export was Croatia with
only € Mio 35 in 2006.
were the largest contributors to EU-25 imports (total of 496.000 tons) with
respectively 327.000 tons (65,9%) and 82.000 tons. Russia was the largest partner when
regarding exports. It absorbed 123.000 tons (or 52,9%) of total beef meat
exports (total of 232.000 tons), whereas Croatia imported nearly 10.000 tons.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding beef meat was negative for the third year with an EU-25
deficit of 264.000 tons.
Live Animals but excl. offal):
contributed for € Mio 22 (or 36,3%) to all EU-25 imports (total € Mio 60) of pork
for 2006, followed by Norway
with € 15. All 6 main countries of origin combined added up to 95% of all EU-25
imports, expressed in value terms. Exports stood at a much higher level
and reached in total € Mio 3.136 of which € Mio 772 (or 24,6%) were destined
for Japan, € Mio 754 to Russia and € Mio 299 to South Korea.
In quantities, expressed in
carcass weight, imports are hardly noticeable when compared to exports, as only
22.000 tons were imported, of which 9.600 tons (or 43,8%) came from Chile. Exports,
however, reached a total of 1.701.000 tons and main destinations for 2006 were Russia
(32%) where almost 545.000 tons were exported to and Japan with 301.000 tons.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding pork was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 1.680.000 tons.
(incl. Live Animals but excl. offal and salted Poultry Meat):
meat imports -in values- stood at € Mio 1.072 for 2006 with Brazil as the
main contributor. € Mio 559 (or 52,1%)
of EU-25 poultry meat imports originated from Brazil. Thailand
was the second country of origin with € Mio 388 and Chile came third with only € Mio 35.
Combined, the 6 main countries of origin accounted for 97,5% of total EU-25 poultry
meat imports. Exports reached € Mio 857 of which € Mio 134 (or 15,6%) went to Russia and € Mio 78 to Switzerland.
In tons, expressed in carcass
weight, 454.000 tons have been imported into the EU-25. Brazil as first origin reached 296.000
tons (or 65,3%). Exports totalled 928.000 tons of which Russia absorbed 238.000 tons (or 25,7%).
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding poultry meat was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 474.000 tons.
Goat Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):
Zealand, as the historically main country of origin for sheep & goat meat
imports, obtained a share in EU-25 imports, in values, of 78,9% or € Mio
853 out of a total of € Mio 1.081 for the year 2006. Exports with a total of -only-
€ Mio 23 went to Switzerland
(€ Mio 9,7 or 42,2%) as main destination.
Regarding quantities, expressed
in carcass weight, the EU-25 imported 287.000 tons of which 226.000 tons
(or 78,9%) came from New
Zealand. Australia contributed almost 20.000
tons to EU-25 imports. Export reached a meagre 5.600 tons in total and 1.500
tons (or 27,4%) were destined to Lebanon
and another 1.500 tons to Switzerland.
The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding sheep & goat meat was
negative with a EU-25 deficit of 281.000 tons.
Back to table of contents