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Agricultural trade statistics

EU-25 MAIN MARKETS for Selected Products  – 2006

 

The purpose of this text is to highlight the most important trading destinations and origins for the EU-25 for the year 2006. We are thus looking at which partner the EU-25 exports to and imports from –in value and quantity terms- for 20 selected aggregated products (which - all together - do not cover the WTO-definition of “All Agricultural Products”).

Cereals total:

Expressed in values, out of a total import of € Mio 1.663 19% is being imported from Canada alone (€ Mio 317) making it the largest import origin for the EU-25 in 2006, followed by the USA with € Mio 210. The 6 main countries of origin for import, combined, added up to 64,6% of all EU-25 imports. On the export side the partners were far more diverse. The 6 main exporting destinations reached a combined share of 37,4%. From a total of € Mio 2.988 that was exported out of the EU-25, Algeria remained, as in 2005, the most important destination, with € Mio 495 or a share of 16,6%.

            In quantity, out of a total EU-25 import of 11.556.000 tons, 1.761.000 tons (or 15,2%) were imported from Canada, whereas Algeria absorbed 3.709.000 tons (or 16,5%) on the export side with a total EU-25 exports of cereals of 22.536.000 tons.  5 out of 6 main export destinations were situated in the North-African / Middle East regions. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding cereals was positive with an EU-25 surplus of around 10.980.000 tons.

Rice:

India was the main importing source -in values- for the EU-25 and represented, on its own, € Mio 137 (or 31,1%) of all imports which were in total € Mio 440,5. The 6 main origins combined reached a share of over 91% of all EU-25 rice imports in values for the year 2006.

For rice, as is the case with cereals, exports are more diversified among partners than imports. The 6 main destinations for the EU-25 added up to a total of € Mio 86 of rice exports (60,2%). The main destination for EU-25 exports was Turkey with € Mio 15 (or 17,4%).

            In quantity the EU-25 imports totalled 1.204.000 tons or over 8 times its own export. As opposed to import values where India was the main origin, in quantity Thailand was the main origin of imports with 304.000 tons (a share of 25,2%). In 2006, EU-25 exports of rice reached a total of 147.000 tons of which the main destination was Turkey that absorbed 30.000 tons (or 20.6%) followed by Switzerland with 20.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding rice was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 1.057.000 tons.

Animal Feed:

Animal feed was the most imported (aggregated) product for the EU-25 in 2006. Total imports, when expressed in values, reached € Bio 10,9, with Brazil having the largest share of 32,2% or around € Bio 3,5. The 6 main origins combined reached, in value terms, 82,4% of total EU-25 imports.

EU-25 exported a total of almost € Bio 2,4, with Algeria (€ Mio 379) and Egypt (€ Mio 203) as the most important destinations.

            In quantity, total EU-25 import reached 57,6 Mio tons against around 17,7 Mio tons for EU-25 export. Most important origins for EU-25 imported animal feed were situated in the South American region. Argentina exported 17,2 Mio tons into the EU-25, or 29,8% of all EU-25 imports. Brazil was the second largest feed exporter to the EU-25 with 16,7 Mio tons followed by the USA with 7,2 Mio tons.

Algeria was the most important export destination for the EU-25, with 3.040.000 tons (or 17,1%) out of a total EU-25 export of animal feed of 17.745.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding animal feed was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 39,8 Mio tons.

Vegetables:

The EU-25 imported € Mio 1.417 of vegetables in 2006.  € Mio 351 (or 24,7%) were imported from Morocco and € Mio 174 from Israel. Exports stood at a total of € Mio 979 with Russia as the most important export destination (€ Mio 238 or 24,3%), followed by Switzerland (€ Mio 201).

            In quantity, 1.270.000 tons of vegetables were imported, 423.000 tons (or 33,3%) from Morocco and 118.000 tons from Israel. The first export destination for vegetables was Russia, with 440.000 tons (or 33,4%) out of a total of 1.317.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding Vegetables was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 47.000 tons.

Fruits:

In values the EU-25 imported in 2006 over 4 times more fruit than it exported. Total EU-25 imports reached a level of € Mio 7.337 with the USA as our main importing partner (€ Mio 1.287 or 17,5%) and South Africa as second country of origin with € Mio 911. EU-25 exports totalled € Mio 1.786 of which € Mio 598 was destined to Russia (or 33,5%) and  € Mio 301 to Switzerland.

            When expressed in quantity the EU-25 imported nearly 2,5 times as much fruits as that it exported.  6,3 Mio tons of fruits were imported against 2,6 Mio tons of exports. The EU-25 fruits imports originated mainly from South Africa with 949.000 tons (or 15,2%) and from Chile (626.000 tons).

The 6 main export destinations in 2006 for fruits represented 68,2% of all EU-25 exports of which 870.000 tons (or 33,8%) went to Russia and 256.000 tons to Switzerland. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding fruits was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 3.686.000 tons.

Preparations of Fruits & Vegetables:

68,6% of all imports -in values- originated from the 6 main partners, with Turkey having the largest share (24,4%) reaching € Mio 563 out of total imports of € Mio 2.310.  China, as second country of origin, reached € Mio 518.

Exports totalled € Mio 1.577 with the USA (€ Mio 216 or 13,7%) as main destination.

            In quantity 1.902.000 tons of fruits & vegetables preparations were imported, 535.000 tons (or 28,1%) from Turkey and 495.000 tons from China. Out of a total export of 1.920.000 tons, 309.000 tons (or 16,1%) were destined to Russia.  Exports were more split amongst partners (the 6 main countries of destinations reached a combined share of 48,2%) than imports, where the 6 main countries of origin reached 71,8% of all imports.

The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding preparations of fruits & vegetables was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 18.000 tons.

Potatoes:

The 6 main origins of EU-25 potatoes imports, out of which 4 were situated in the Mediterranean Area, accounted -in value terms- for nearly 100% of all EU-25 imports (total € Mio 161). Israel, with € Mio 85, accounted for 52,3% of all EU-25 imports, with Egypt being the second largest origin also with € Mio 60. In contrast, the 6 main export destinations however only reached 48,7% of all EU-25 potatoes exports, which added up to a total of € Mio 330. Main destination for potatoes was Algeria (€ Mio 49 or 14,8%).

            Expressed in quantity Israel (243.000 tons or 50 %) also was the main origin of EU-25 potatoes imports which totalled 486.000 tons. EU-25 potatoes exports reached 1.012.000 tons, of which Russia took in 150.000 tons (or 14,8%) as main country of destination. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding potatoes was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 526.000 tons.

Olive Oil:

In value terms, € Mio 721 of olive oil imports for EU-25 were recorded. The 6 main import origins –combined- reached 98,1% of total olive oil imports with Tunisia being the main country of origin with € Mio 481 (or 66,8%) for 2006.

€ Mio 1.382 worth of olive oil was exported of which € Mio 605 (or 43,8%) went to the USA.

            Out of a total EU-25 import of 228.000 tons, 159.000 tons (or 69,8%) were imported from Tunisia. The 6 main countries of origin for olive oil reached 98,3% of all imports. The USA, as main destination, captured 139.000 tons (or 44,2%) of EU-25 olive oil exports (total 315.000 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding olive oil was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 87.000 tons.

Vegetable Oils & Fats:

On the value side € Mio 2.372 of imports of vegetable fats & oils were recorded, of which € Mio 345 (or 14,6%) came from Ukraine as largest origin country. Brazil and Indonesia exported respectively for € Mio 321 and € Mio 303 to the EU. The EU-25 exports are more spread among destinations as the main export market, the USA, only accounted for € Mio 67 (or 16,4%) out of a total exports of € Mio 409.

            For the year 2006, in quantity, EU-25 imports reached 4.491.000 tons of which 703.000 tons (or 15,7%) were coming from Ukraine, 656.000 tons from Brazil and 642.000 tons from Indonesia. The main 6 origins of imports claimed 73% of all EU-25 imports expressed in tons. EU-25 exports for 2006 reached in total 457.000 tons with 61.000 tons for Norway (or 13,4%) followed by Switzerland with 33.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding vegetable fats & oils was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 4.034.000 tons.

Butter & Butter Fats:

Historically the main origin of EU-25 butter & butter fats imports was New Zealand. This also was the case for the year 2006. Out of a total import -in values- of € Mio 126,  € Mio 121 or  96,6% originated from New Zealand. Exports for a total of € Mio 486 were mainly destined to Russia (€ Mio 95 or 19,6%) and to Saudi Arabia (€ Mio 49).

In quantity around 81.000 tons out of total butter imports of 84.000 tons stemmed from New Zealand. EU-25 exports totalled 256.000 tons and went mainly to Russia (51.000 tons or 20%), Saudi Arabia (26.000 tons) and Morocco (18.000 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding butter & butter fats was positive with a EU-25 surplus of 172.000 tons.

Milk & Milk Products:

81,5% was the share of the 6 main origin countries for imports for milk & milk products -in value terms- which reached a total value of € Mio 44. Main partner on the import side for the EU-25 was Switzerland, with € Mio 16 (or 36,4%).  In 2006 the EU-25 exports represented almost 45 times the value of EU-25 imports. A total value of € Mio 1.965 was recorded as EU-25 exports. The main destination was Saudi Arabia with € Mio 193 (or 9,8%) and, as second destination, Algeria (€ Mio 146) and also to Nigeria that showed an amount of € Mio 130 of milk & milk products being imported from the EU-25.

            Because milk & milk products is a mixed aggregate (meaning adding together kilograms of milk and kilograms of milk powder), information at quantity level should be read with caution. However, in quantities a total of 70.000 tons was imported, with as main origin Switzerland (46.000 tons or 65,7%). Total exports reached 1.416.000 tons of milk & milk products, of which 108.000 tons (or 7,7%) went to Saudi Arabia, as main destination, 100.000 tons to China and 97.000 tons to Russia. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding milk & milk products was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 1.346.000 tons.

Skimmed Milk Powder:

The EU-25 imported a total of € Mio 31 of SMP from third countries. Just 41,8%, or € Mio 13, was imported from the USA and € Mio 6,4 from Canada.  Exports of the same product reached almost 6 times this amount and totalled € Mio 179. The main export destinations were Algeria with € Mio 25 (or 14%) and Nigeria with € Mio 23.

            When expressed in quantities the USA were also the main origin of SMP imports in 2006. Out of a total EU-25 import of 19.000 tons, the USA obtained a share of 41% or the equivalent of 7.700 tons. EU-25 exports of SMP reached a total of 89.000 tons with Algeria as main destination with just over 13.000 tons (or 15,1%). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding SMP was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 70.000 tons.

Cheese & Curd:

The EU-25 imported a total of € Mio 430 of cheese and curd, of which € Mio 257 (or 59,8%) originated from Switzerland. EU-25 exports were mainly destined to the USA (€ Mio 569 or 25,8%) and to Russia (€ Mio 431). In 2006, exports totalled € Mio 2.209.

            In quantity the EU-25 imported 107.000 tons of which 41.000 tons (or 38,3%) from Switzerland, 37.000 tons from New Zealand and 11.000 tons from Australia. EU-25 exports, with a total of 583.000 tons, were mainly destined to Russia (157.000 tons or 27%) and the USA (111.000 tons). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding cheese & curd was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 475.000 tons.

Sugar:

For the year 2006 the main import origin was Mauritius with € Mio 262 (or 20,6% of a total of € Mio 1.270).   Main export destinations (total 2006 of € Mio 1.977) were Syria with € Mio 183 (or 9,3%) and Israel with € Mio 153.

            In quantity 2.486.000 tons of sugar were imported into the EU.   497.000 tons (or 20%) originated from Mauritius while 239.000 tons came from Croatia. In total 6.151.000 tons were exported of which, as main destination, 569.000 tons (or 9,3%) went to Syria and 498.000 tons to Israel. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding sugar was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 3.665.000 tons.

Wine:

In value terms, the EU-25 exported over twice as much wine as it imported in 2006. Imports reached an amount of € Mio 2.439 against € Mio 5.496 of exports. Most important origin of import was Australia of which € Mio 868 (or 35,6%) was imported. Chile came as second origin with € Mio 436 followed by South Africa with € Mio 379.   40,8% or € Mio 2.241 of all EU-25 wine exports were destined to the USA and € Mio 596 went to Switzerland.

            The 6 main origins of import accounted for 90,6% of total imports in quantity (total of 11.709.000 Hl) with Australia being the main origin of import (3.258.000 Hl or 27,8%) followed by Chile (2.214.000 Hl) and closely by South Africa (2.102.000 Hl). Total exports reached 17.002.000 Hl of which 4.400.000 Hl (or 25,9%) was destined for the USA, 3.345.000 Hl for Russia and 1.564.000 Hl for Switzerland. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding wine was positive with a EU-25 surplus of 5.292.000 Hl.

Raw Tobacco:

For raw tobacco imports reached a value of € Mio 1.674 against exports of € Mio 526. Brazil was the largest contributor to imports with € Mio 373 (or 22,3%), followed by the USA with € Mio 346. The 6 main countries of origin accounted for –in value terms- a total of 66,9% of total imports.  Exports were mainly destined to Russia (€ Mio 81 or 15,4%) and to Ukraine € Mio 49.

            Brazil was the main country of origin when looking at quantities imported for raw tobacco. Out of a total of 547.000 tons almost 143.000 tons (or 26,1%) came from Brazil which was followed, as second country of origin, by the USA (60.000 tons). EU-25 exported 36.000 tons (18,2%) to Russia out of a total of 198.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding raw tobacco was negative with an EU-25 deficit of 350.000 tons.

Beef Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

94,3% of total imports -in values- originated from the 6 main importing partners. Imports stood at € Mio 1.704 for 2006 and main contributors were Brazil with € Mio 962 (or 56,5%) and Argentina with € Mio 396.   € Mio 216 (or 42,5%) of beef meat exports were destined to Russia out of a of total beef meat exports of € Mio 508. Second destination for export was Croatia with only € Mio 35 in 2006.

            Brazil and Argentina were the largest contributors to EU-25 imports (total of 496.000 tons) with respectively 327.000 tons (65,9%) and 82.000 tons. Russia was the largest partner when regarding exports. It absorbed 123.000 tons (or 52,9%) of total beef meat exports (total of 232.000 tons), whereas Croatia imported nearly 10.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding beef meat was negative for the third year with an EU-25 deficit of 264.000 tons.

Pork (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

Chile contributed for € Mio 22 (or 36,3%) to all EU-25 imports (total € Mio 60) of pork for 2006, followed by Norway with € 15. All 6 main countries of origin combined added up to 95% of all EU-25 imports, expressed in value terms. Exports stood at a much higher level and reached in total € Mio 3.136 of which € Mio 772 (or 24,6%) were destined for Japan, € Mio 754 to Russia and € Mio 299 to South Korea.

            In quantities, expressed in carcass weight, imports are hardly noticeable when compared to exports, as only 22.000 tons were imported, of which 9.600 tons (or 43,8%) came from Chile. Exports, however, reached a total of 1.701.000 tons and main destinations for 2006 were Russia (32%) where almost 545.000 tons were exported to and Japan with 301.000 tons. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding pork was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 1.680.000 tons.

Poultry Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal and salted Poultry Meat):

Poultry meat imports -in values- stood at € Mio 1.072 for 2006 with Brazil as the main contributor.  € Mio 559 (or 52,1%) of EU-25 poultry meat imports originated from Brazil. Thailand was the second country of origin with € Mio 388 and Chile came third with only € Mio 35. Combined, the 6 main countries of origin accounted for 97,5% of total EU-25 poultry meat imports. Exports reached € Mio 857 of which € Mio 134 (or 15,6%) went to Russia and € Mio 78 to Switzerland.

            In tons, expressed in carcass weight, 454.000 tons have been imported into the EU-25. Brazil as first origin reached 296.000 tons (or 65,3%). Exports totalled 928.000 tons of which Russia absorbed 238.000 tons (or 25,7%). The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding poultry meat was positive with an EU-25 surplus of 474.000 tons.

Sheep & Goat Meat (incl. Live Animals but excl. offal):

New Zealand, as the historically main country of origin for sheep & goat meat imports, obtained a share in EU-25 imports, in values, of 78,9% or € Mio 853 out of a total of € Mio 1.081 for the year 2006. Exports with a total of -only- € Mio 23 went to Switzerland (€ Mio 9,7 or 42,2%) as main destination.

            Regarding quantities, expressed in carcass weight, the EU-25 imported 287.000 tons of which 226.000 tons (or 78,9%) came from New Zealand. Australia contributed almost 20.000 tons to EU-25 imports. Export reached a meagre 5.600 tons in total and 1.500 tons (or 27,4%) were destined to Lebanon and another 1.500 tons to Switzerland. The net position -in quantity- for the EU-25 regarding sheep & goat meat was negative with a EU-25 deficit of 281.000 tons.


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Last update: 10-09-2007